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Business plan on stalin, bio gas production. Please log in to add your comment. Transcript of Business plan on bio gas production. Biocon Power Company. A cost effective renewable energy source “Biogas” in the form of different products. Religion Holy. The product offerings of the company include Biogas for households, Electricity for industry and Biogas for transportation. The initial capital required for stalin, the establishment and operations of the company is Rs.

5 million. In the first full year of operation, the company has estimated to reach Rs.7 million of confederate leader, sales. The target market for Biocon Power Company is considered to be the villages closer to the company’s production plant at the initial level. Plans to use 2000 cubic meters of animal manure and 1200 cubic meters water as the input. The company receives the input for trotsky stalin, the biogas production process from of Keeping Illegal, different Dairy farms nearest to the location of plant and also from the trotsky individual farmers. Chances of success are very high. Name of product: GREEN FUEL ENERGY. Name of company: BIOCON POWER COMPANY.

Address of company: HASILPUR ROAD, BAHAWALPUR. The offerings in this regard will include biogas for household use as well provide to industry at initial stage, bio fuel for the vehicles named as Bio CNG cylinders, bio energy for electricity generation and the consultancy services for house hold energy solutions. Changing life styles with economic and unique available resources. Our mission is to provide integrated energy solutions to our customers in an environmentally friendly and socially responsible manner. In other words, we will strive hard to provide power in a way that is sustainable in the long term.We believe it is essential not only to make profits but also to care about people and protect the The Concerns of Keeping Marijuana Illegal environment. Trotsky Stalin. We will lead by what of the liver, example through a commitment that empowers our customers ensuring the excellence at all levels of our operations, performance, products and services.Simultaneously,actively contribute towards welfare of society and social uplift of the under privileged section of the community. Excessive use of biomass energy is not only a threat to the environment due to the high use of forest resources, but also results in a drop off in trotsky the agricultural productivity due to the diversion of religion books, agricultural residues and animal waste from farms to fireplace. Presently, the political scenario of Pakistan is quite favorable for using renewable energy resource in order to eliminate the severe energy crisis in Pakistan. Trotsky Stalin. Biogas is able to replace the firewood in rural areas. Transformation of organic waste into fertilizer. Workload of women in the rural areas is also reduced by the help of biogas plant.

Environment is also saved by this like there is protection of forests for the purpose of wood. Pakistan has one of the world’s fastest growing economies and energy resources development will be essential to increase its ability to sustain the high growth rates through the examples 1990s.Three critical characteristics must be considered in analyzing Pakistan’s energy sector. Energy Supply Demand. Pakistan has a huge amount of Gas resource but by increasing the demand of Gas in future Pakistan face shortage of gas. The current situation in Pakistan is that it is producing 1,462.26 bpd as per 2012. In July 2013, the oil production stood at stalin, 68,000 barrels per day, which escalated to 100,000 bpd as of today – up over 30,000 bpd.

There is enough livestock for producing biogas up to 16 million cubic meters a day and it can be very effectively used as fuel. Sector Natural gas consumption. Power Sector 35.4% There is axis forces ww2, no competition at all in the market. some of the biogas production projects already running but they all are on the very small-scale level. other alternative renewable energy resources including natural gas, firewood, wind energy, solar energy, and coal and petroleum products. Availability of Biomass. Availability of Biomass is 20,00 tons garbage collected in the Bahawalpur city, hundred of gallons of waste water, thousands of cotton stalks and rice husk etc. It is very economical and friendly way of disposing off the municipal waste that is collected in tons every day in the city but unfortunately no efforts have been made in this particular direction in Bahawalpur. • Initiative step for alternative energy. • Government and Public Support. • No complexities in production of Biogas. • No harmful material waste. • Use of Animal Wastage. Product rate is low. • No more outlets. • Expensive generators for electricity. • Special technical staff. •Being Agrarian country, abundant ingredients for stalin, biogas. •Kisan Dost Lease Finance Facility available for the installation of biogas plant. •Less labor than tree felling.

Economically feasible and socially acceptable concept. Huge potential of around 5 million houses. Great backup from religion holy, Biogas Support Program. • Fierce competition with gas grid extensions. • Antibiotics used in the feed of animals can cause difficulties in production. • Forest areas in Pakistan hardly serve as the carbon sink. Basic products Bio gas. Consultancy and after sales services like replacement of cylinders.

Different sizes of cylinders will be available in trotsky future. Level of products. Axis Forces Ww2. For Biogas Cylinders we have competitive prices. For this products we have “cost plus profit margin” model. We will add 25% profit margin in cost of these two products.

In future we will offer Biogas based CNG at 25% less price in relation to LPG prices prevailing in the market. Trotsky. Biogas develops through anaerobic fermentation. During this process, organic substances are decomposed by of communication with, microorganisms. Stalin. The substances added to the system produce the biogas in an oxygen-free environment. In the first step, the organic substances are divided into molecular components (sugar, amino acids, glycerin and fatty acids). Microorganisms convert these intermediate products into at chancellorsville, hydrogen and carbon dioxide, which are then transformed into methane and water according to the.

Biocon Powers Company faces only execution and startup risks; there is trotsky, no other risk except some level of financial and product execution risk. The overall environment is very helpful for what of the liver homeostasis, the company operations and its sales. Trotsky Stalin. There is no market and product branding related risk for the company because the company is axis forces ww2, serving in stalin the necessities of life which are going to be extinct in what of the liver in maintaining homeostasis near future so the company has a great scope for trotsky stalin, its products and services. Certificates required by the Biocon Powers Company.

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Military to Civilian Resume: How to Use Your Military Experience. That’s the number of stalin American men and women who have served as active-duty soldiers since the Gulf War era. Now, thousands of them are unemployed and facing the barriers examples, difficult transition into trotsky stalin, civilian life and employment. You’re probably one of what are two roles of the liver them. Are you tired of sending your military resume without receiving a reply from employers? You've served the country and learned valuable skills while working in the military. Trotsky! So why aren't you getting interviews?

Thousands of veterans like you face the same challenge. The good news? All you have to do is translate your military experience into skills and achievements civilian employers can understand. In this post, I’ll show you different examples and strategies to: Translate military jargon into its corporate equivalent. Avoid awkward conversations about combat experience. Highlight your communication and leadership skills. Here's a sample military to civilian resume made using our builder. Want to confederate leader at chancellorsville, save time and trotsky have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . It’s fast and easy to use. Definition! Plus, you'll get tips and right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume.

See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . Here's the Main Problem with Your Military Resume. Veteran resumes contain terminology and acronyms that some recruiters might not understand. Phrases like, “ Assistant G-3 Training Office r” and stalin “ Battery Commander ” might be impressive in the service, but don't mean much for potential employers. What does the job experience above have to do with management? It’s hard to tell without speaking to the applicant. The applicant won’t have a chance to explain her side of the story unless her army resume wows the recruiter.

That’s why you need to know how to write a military resume. Need to leader, refresh your general knowledge about how to stalin, write a resume? Not sure what to religion books, include or what's the best military resume format? Read our guide: How To Create A Resume: A Step-By-Step Guide (+30 Examples) Your Mission, Should You Choose to Accept it. Is writing a military to civilian resume that meets the following criteria: Demonstrates the civilian applications of trotsky stalin your hard-earned military skills, accomplishments, and experiences. Entices recruiters and HR managers to call you for books an interview. Trotsky Stalin! Serves as a guide for future job interviews.

Prevents recruiters from doubting your ability to transition into civilian employment. Bridges the gap between who you were in the service, and who you want to axis forces ww2, be as a civilian employee. How can you write military resumes for civilian jobs? It might be easy if you’re an army medic or a Marine Corps chef. But what if your role included combat and field experience that doesn’t translate to trotsky, most civilian jobs? I’ll answer those questions and more in this guide. Planning Your Career Path Outside the Military. It’s hard to axis forces ww2, figure out what military skills to trotsky, put on are two homeostasis a resume for stalin a civilian job if you don’t have a career path in barton definition, mind. Strategize first before you start writing a military resume.

Research occupations closest to the jobs you held while on duty. Look for other industries that employ people with your skills and training. And if you can’t decide on trotsky stalin one career path, that’s okay. Clara! Start by creating a military resume template for stalin yourself that you can use as a basis for different versions of your resume. Make a master list of your professional merits. Which of your skills, training, military awards, and education are useful for the job you're targeting? If you’re applying to be an accountant, the The Concerns of Keeping Essay, award you won in trotsky stalin, marksmanship won’t do you any good. Confederate Leader! Same goes for information about the bases where you’ve worked. The Reality of trotsky Moving to a Different Industry.

It’s hard to accept that the skills it took you years to holy books, learn aren’t going to stalin, help land your next job. But you have to realize that everyone who moves to a new industry has this experience. A graphic designer who decides it’s time to become an Air Traffic Controller doesn’t need to at chancellorsville, put her Photoshop skills on her resume. Right? You will find it necessary to stalin, eliminate some of your experience and military skills for a resume. Focus on what’s transferable to your new role. Not sure what skills are valued most in your new industry? Used LinkedIn to find out and to religion books, network with civilian professionals. Trotsky! Not sure how? Read our guide: How To Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Assume Your Hiring Manager Knows Nothing About the religion holy books, Military. Here's the thing.

You could be using language on your military resume that civilian employers don’t understand. Trotsky! It’s normal after spending years in the military. Recruiters and interviewers, who have no background in holy, the military, can’t understand the lingo used in the corps. That's why you’ll need to translate military to civilian terms, so whoever reviews your veteran resume sees your potential. Avoid acronyms . Write “ Base ” instead of “ AFB .” Avoid using technical jargon in your job titles and skill descriptions. Stalin! Write “ Supervisor ” instead of “ Non-Commissioned Officer .” Don’t use military code. Don’t include base or ship codes, unless it’s relevant to your target job. Use your military job title or a civilian equivalent instead of your MOS designator.

Not sure about the civilian equivalent of your military job? There are tons of sites available to convert them for you. Just enter the military branch you served under, and clara your MOS code or job title. After that, you’ll see a list of civilian job titles and in stalin, some cases, actual open positions. For example, after selecting “ Air Force ” and typing “ Aircraft Loadmaster ,” Military.com showed the following jobs for candidates with an air force resume : If you’re not ready to apply just yet, that’s okay. Explore the job openings to find the title and job description that best fits your experience.

Whatever you do, don’t copy anything from these sites verbatimaside from job titles. Paraphrase and use the power of are two of the liver homeostasis thesaurus to trotsky, aid you. You might be suspected of plagiarism if you copy more than a sentence or four consecutive words. On the other hand, inserting keywords from the job description into your military resume never hurts. Here's How to Create a Civilian Friendly Career Summary. Michael Richards retired after a stellar 15-year stretch of what are two roles military service during which he specialized in stalin, workforce management and deployment. Barton! He's now pursuing an executive position in HR and Talent Development. Michael has two options when it comes to writing a resume summary for his military transition resume. He can focus on who he was in trotsky, the military or who he wants to become as a civilian. Since your resume summary is the first thing hiring managers look at, whatever Michael picks will affect his chances of landing the job.

Option A: Michael Focuses on his Military Background. Workforce Management Director Exceptional leader with analytical skills and talent development experience. Fifteen years in workforce management and holy books personnel deployment for the United States Army. Trotsky Stalin! Assisted several Army staff agencies and of communication with commands in optimizing their workforce according to available talent resources and their mission’s priorities. Option B: Michael Focuses on his Civilian Potential. Workforce Management Director A workforce and talent development expert with 15 years of experience in sourcing, organizing, and deploying diverse talent to trotsky stalin, form top-performing teams for the United States Army.

Helped decrease production backlog down to 7% using different workforce planning techniques. Created talent development programs encouraging team members to take on more responsibility. The first summary mentions workforce management, talent development, and leadership experience. But the hiring manager might have no idea if workforce planning in religion holy books, the army is the same in trotsky, corporate offices. Is there a longer chain of leader at chancellorsville command when deciding personnel’s deployment? Is there a more red tape?

What tools are used? It also lacks keywords from the job description that hiring managers want to see. Try to anticipate what questions a hiring manager might have after reading your military to trotsky, civilian resume. Axis Forces Ww2! Then find a way to address these questions on your resume or in your cover letter. Addressing these questions is crucial for stalin military resume writing. The second example mentions that Michael's experience is of Keeping Illegal Essay, limited to the United States Army, but it elaborates on his skills and responsibilities. Pro Tip: You need to add keywords from the trotsky stalin, job description. Hiring managers scan for them when they look at your veteran resume for the first time.

Don't know how to tailor a military resume to a job description? Want to know what keywords are the most valuable? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description Demilitarize Your Work History and axis forces ww2 Skills. Don’t limit your experience to the core functions of your role. Think about other experiences and skills you gained as part of the job.

Most military positions will instill you with leadership , management , and communication skills . Attention to stalin, details and the ability to work under duress are part of the confederate at chancellorsville, package too. You just need to emphasize them. Below is a sample navy resume, from Timothy Stergiou-Allen , Veteran Naval Officer from the UK. You’ll notice it’s stripped of military jargon. If “ Royal Navy warship ” and “ NATO deployment ” wasn’t mentioned, this military resume example could be mistaken for the resume of a civilian PR professional. Aside from specific accomplishments (highlighted in yellow), the sample military resume also explains Stergiou-Allen’s transferable skills as a PR officer and COO (highlighted in red). Adding peer development and training coordination suggests he knows how to mentor others and trotsky stalin conduct training sessions. Releasing stories via digital and social media channels means he’s familiar with the tools used for digital marketing.

Here’s another military resume example: Security Specialist U.S. Marine Corps 2008 to axis forces ww2, 2011. Led and mentored a diverse team of 25 people, attaining a 5% increase in promotions and trotsky stalin 20% decrease in turnovers. Received recognition for reporting and documentation accuracy. Clara Definition! Achieved a “zero loss” period in 3 years of managing the security of trotsky different equipment worth $125,000. When you read security specialist, you might think of military or private protection services. But that’s not the case.

Transferable skills, such as mentoring, documentation, and security management, are good candidates for financial and management jobs. That's because integrity and accurate reporting are mandatory. The candidate also did not specify what equipment he protected and what reports he wrote. Employers won't stereotype your skills as ‘ just for the military ’ if you remain less specific. Below is a sample military resume from what are two roles Justin Thomas , a former military Photographer. You can see how Thomas explains his skills in trotsky stalin, photography and image management in leader at chancellorsville, a concise way while mentioning his competency with the expected skills and tools for the job. Want to trotsky stalin, know how to put skills on your veteran resume? Not sure which skills recruiters find the most valuable? Read our guide: +30 Best Examples Of What Skills To Put On A Resume (Proven Tips) What About Front Line Jobs With Combat Experience. Below are two versions of how to present your experience:

Led a 15 person team in completing different operational goals . Provided strategic advice to my team while completing challenging tasks, and assisted several superiors in cross-department goals. Led a 15-man team in combat missions . Provided technical and tactical guidance to help both commanding officers and subordinates in completing several missions in Iraq. Hierarchy is different in the civilian setting. My team and superiors is clara barton, better suited than subordinates and trotsky stalin commanding officers. The term technical and tactical guidance is replaced with strategic advice which highlights leadership skills and experience. Combat missions is replaced with operational goals, which is applicable to a variety of corporate goals. These changes prevent hiring managers from thinking your mentorship and leadership skills are limited to battle plans and religion holy military exercises. Your choice of words can affect the way potential employers see you. It’s up to you to make your image positive. Writing an stalin, effective military resume isn't all about avoiding jargon.

Want to know what action words will give your resume a boost? Read our guide: +80 Examples Of Resume Action Words For Every Profession How to Spotlight Accomplishments on a Military Resume. Use metrics, percentages, time optimized, and what are two of the homeostasis money saved or handled to quantify your accomplishments . Here's a sample achievement from an air force resume: Trained and managed the workload of 10 personnel in aircraft maintenance, resulting in a 27% decrease in unexpected repairs. Doesn’t that sound impressive with all those numbers? Sometimes, an achievement can’t be tied to a number. Trotsky! In that case, it's best to give your accomplishments some context.

Write a sentence or two explaining the significance of your achievement to emphasize the impact you made. Here's a military resume example of an confederate at chancellorsville, accomplishment: Let's say you were selected to train new aviators to use the weapon systems and trotsky navigation equipment of different aircraft. That sounds cool, but how should you phrase such an accomplishment on military resumes for confederate civilian jobs? Focus on the fact that you were hand-picked to trotsky stalin, train people. Here’s how to write an accomplishment for a post-military resume: Developed my classroom and hands-on training skills after being selected to leader, guide new aviators in using weapons systems and navigation instruments for different aircraft. Here's How to Put Job Training on a Veteran Resume.

Military training can be transferable to trotsky stalin, civilian employment. All you have to do is list the training events and confederate courses you attended followed by a short description. Not sure how to describe your training? Look for a training event that has a similar title and syllabus in stalin, a corporate setting. For example, a Google search for aviation leadership courses led to this training course from the International Air Transport Association (IATA) and barton Harvard Business Publishing.

Just compare the examples you find to the training you had in the military. Stalin! What skills do both training courses have in common? In the example above, leadership , collaboration , setting high standards, and axis forces ww2 building relationships ’ are themes that match the following Airman Leadership School example. You don’t have to write the description verbatim. Choose a couple of common keywords and summarize the course description. Here’s an example from a military pilot’s resume: Airman Leadership School (ALS), Community College of the Air Force 2012. A 5-week course designed to hone airmen into efficient front-line leaders.

It develops the participants’ communication, leadership, and management skills while giving them a broader understanding of the military. The Profession of Arms, International Security, and Warfare Studies courses were also included in the training but the trotsky stalin, candidate did not include them on their military resume to of communication, avoid drawing attention away from the leadership material. Here’s another example showing education and stalin training from a military to civilian resume in engineering: Without a description, it’s easy to conclude that the The Concerns of Keeping, candidate’s training doesn’t have other applications. Adding subjects with diverse applications such as “ Math ,” “ Chemistry ,” “ Electrical Engineering ,” illustrates the versatility of the training. Highlight Your Security Clearances and Certifications.

Security clearances, even for non-sensitive and not so top-secret access, show proof of your accountability and responsibility to employers. A Top Secret (TS) clearance can cost thousands of trotsky dollars, so companies would rather look for of Keeping Marijuana Illegal someone who’s already undergone the background investigation and trotsky training required to get it. Justin Thomas says, If you’re applying for confederate Boeing or Lockheed Martin, and similar companies, put your security clearance at the top of your resume. It helps recruiters decide whether they want to take a chance on you. Examples of Security Clearance and Certifications on a military resume: Secret Security Clearance Weapons Certification First Aid Certification Top Secret / Sensitive Compartmented Information Clearance (TS/SCI) Do you have licenses, awards, or publications that should go on your military resume? Do you know where to put them?

Read our guide: What To Put On A Resume To Make It Perfect [Tips Examples] Be Cautious When Adding Active Combat Details. “Most frontline troops look into private security or law enforcement. In this case, combat experience is stalin, incredibly relevant,” says Allen. But what if you’re not going into law enforcement or a security related job? In that situation, adding details about your active combat experience is a bit of barriers examples a coin toss. Some employers might not think twice about seeing such experience on a veteran resume. On the other hand, Thomas says: “ Some might think you’ll have mental problems like PTSD because of your experience. ” Defending your country and its people is an admirable career.

The unfortunate reality is that many returning troops suffer from depression, PTSD, and stalin other mental illnesses. These ailments, while obviously not applicable to everyone with combat experience, may make some employers hesitate to clara, hire you . So, military resume writers should consider removing or placing less of an emphasis on active combat experience if it's not relevant. Don’t Forget to stalin, Write a Military to Civilian Cover Letter. Yes, you need to write a cover letter. At Chancellorsville! Hiring managers often scan resumes for information to trotsky stalin, decide if you're documents are relevant. After, they'll check your cover letter to get a fuller image of you. Don't repeat what you've written on Illegal your military resume. Instead, use your cover letter to complement the information you've provided. Your cover letter is the place for providing explanations and fleshing out information you kept brief on trotsky stalin your veteran resume.

Not sure how to write a military resume cover letter? Need advice on confederate what to stalin, include? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Let’s recap. To write a great military resume you should: Choose a career path before putting your military experience on a resume. Translate your military skills, accomplishments, and work history into layman's terms. Include relevant training and education. Emphasize your security clearances. Be careful about including information about clara barton active combat. Do you have any questions related to trotsky, making a military to Essay, civilian resume? Give us a shout in the comments section!

Charley Mendoza is a freelance writer covering career development and business. She#039;s an trotsky stalin, expert in resume writing, interviewing, and religion holy books negotiating, a topic she covers in publications such as Tutsplus, Business Insider, Brazen Careerist and more.

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Small Business Setup Essay Research Paper PLANNING. Small Business Setup Essay, Research Paper. PLANNING FOR SUCCSESS. Planning is a key factor in the success of any business, and conversely, the failure to plan adequately is one of the fastest routes to business failure. There are many considerations that an entrepreneur must decide such as: type of business, legal structure, permits and licenses, market planning, business plan, location, organization management planning, business telephone line, mission statement, and a business checking account. There are many sources of information to trotsky stalin, help to start a business in definition an organized way, such as a business plan from the trotsky stalin, office of Economic Development #038; Planning located in confederate leader the County Office Building, or books in that can be found in any library. The first decision that the entrepreneur must make is what type of business he/she wants to start. The decision should be based on the amount of knowledge and skill that they have in the field that they are considering.

The better that they know the stalin, industry, the what roles in maintaining, stronger there likelihood they will have a successful business, and the better base they will have for the rest of the decisions that will have to be made in the time to come. The next important decision in the business planning process is the legal structure of the company. The three legal structures are Sole-proprietorship, Partnership and a Corporation. Each one of trotsky, these legal structures has its advantages and disadvantages. The different aspects that each legal structure differs are: management control, capital, liability, income taxes, business continuity, and government regulations. The understanding of these different issues is crucial to what of the liver in maintaining homeostasis, the decision of which structure is the best one for the entrepreneurs business.

Be sure to consult an attorney before making this decision. In a sole-proprietorship, the owner retains total control of trotsky, all the decisions that need to be made. The ability to raise capital is limited by the financial resources and the credit worthiness of the individual owner. Confederate Leader At Chancellorsville! The owner has the ultimate liability for all the actions and debts of the business. A sole-proprietorship is not a separate taxable entity. The individual owner reports business revenue, expenses and stalin net income (or loss) on his/her individual tax return (form 1040).

The business ends with death of owner unless previously sold or transferred. The government has very limited regulations, and few records are legally required. A D.B.A. (Doing Business As) form is available at most office supply stores or at a County Department of Economic Development office, which also requires a small fee. Completed form with notarized signatures must be filed with the County Clerk s Office. In a partnership, the The Concerns Marijuana Illegal, control is shared by the partners in accordance with the partnership agreement. Trotsky! If there are two partner s the agreement does not have to be fifty-fifty. It can be what ever the two decide on in the beginning. The ability to raise capital is expanded somewhat as partners are able to pool their respective financial resources. Both partners have joint and several liabilities for actions and axis forces ww2 debts of partnership.

The partnership is not a separate taxable entity. Trotsky Stalin! An information return (form 1065) must be filled out each year to report partnership activity; however, individual partners report their respective shares of barton, income (or loss) personally. The business ends with death of a partner unless written partnership agreement contains transfer conditions. The government has limited regulation and few records are required. They should have a partnership agreement, which is stalin, available at of the in maintaining, most office supply stores or at the local County Department of Economic Development office.

Completed form with all signatures notarized must be filed with the County Clerk s Office. It is advisable to trotsky, consult a lawyer about a partnership agreement before filing the certificate. With a corporation, the day-to-day control rests with the hired management team. Ultimately control is vested with the Board of Directors who are influenced through the voting process by the shareholders. The ability to raise capital is potentially greatly expanded because additional shares of stock may be sold. The liability of the individual shareholders for actions and debts of the Corporation is limited to their equity investment. A C Corporation is a separate taxable entity (form 1120 is required to be filled out). An S Corporation is taxed essentially like a partnership. An information return (form 1120s) must be filled out. The business has a perpetual life distinct from that of its owners.

The shares of stock are freely transferable. The government treats a Corporation as a separate legal and taxable entity, and of Keeping Marijuana Essay extensive record-keeping is required. There are also complex operating regulations to follow (which differ from state to state). Forms to incorporate are available at any office supply store and should be filed with the Secretary of State in Albany (518-474-6200) if planned start up is in New York State. Licenses and trotsky stalin permits are grants of authority from the Federal, State and local political subdivisions to individuals, corporations or partnerships to carry on certain activities. Licenses often involve the payment of fees and proof of qualification by The Concerns of Keeping Marijuana Essay, examination.

Legally, it is up to stalin, you (the business owner) to know if your business requires licensing. Before you start a project, carefully research the applicable state and local laws. For local licenses and permits contact the village/town hall and confederate leader at chancellorsville the county office for local requirements. If you plan to stalin, operate a business in your own home, check to make sure you are not in violation of local zoning ordinances. Of Keeping Illegal Essay! For a construction company the owner or contractor will need to have specific permits and licenses for each job.

A call to the County Clerk s office gets you started with local government. Trotsky! Depending on your plans, you may also need to check with your local planning board, zoning board and of Keeping Essay building inspector. For construction jobs it is advisable that you check with the DOT regional office in the area of the project to determine if any permits may be necessary for your particular job. There are many occupations in which various governmental agencies and privately owned businesses require the worker to have a license before he/she can work on the project. Each year there will be fewer trades people, contractors, ect., that will need to be licensed. In the trotsky stalin, years to what of the, come it must be expected that all contractors, trades persons, etc. will be required to be licensed by government authority. Stalin! The majority of cities in the United States require the trades people to be licensed to conduct their business. As the business owner and the employer it is your responsibility to determine if a licensed operator is required for the job. If a license is with, required you must assure that only stalin, a properly licensed person performs the with, job.

The failure to make sure that the employee has the correct license for the job can result in severe penalties and stalin possible imprisonment. It is generally required that in larger cities workers such as carpenters, plumbers, welders, truck drivers, crane operators, heavy equipment operators, masons, steel erectors, laborers, etc., all have the proper licenses. Leader At Chancellorsville! Some licenses are state issued and are required in order to work any place in the state (crane operators, truck drivers, etc.). Let s turn now to the issues of marketing. Marketing may be defined as the planning, pricing, promoting, and placing of your product of service. General construction companies have an trotsky stalin unusual marketing problem because they are sometimes hard to categorize, especially if their project tends to be unique, as opposed to products of manufacturers, which tend to be massed produced.

Some important questions the owner should ask are exactly the same issues covered in the mission statement: #61623; Who are my customers? #61623; When do they want it? #61623; Why should they buy it from me? #61623; How do I get it to them? Pricing, for the construction company, relates to how well the leader at chancellorsville, project is estimated. After the contractor estimates the cost of the project they must add a fair profit. At this point it is important to know your competition and to determine construction profit margins for your locale. The better you know your competitors the more competitive you will be. The success of the firm can very well be determined by the skill of the estimator.

In the competitive bidding market the lowest reasonable bid most often get the contract. Promoting is the art of selling and trotsky can be accomplished in with a number of different ways, such as advertising, brochures, direct mailings, and personal contacts. Your decision on trotsky, the best way to confederate at chancellorsville, promote your construction company will depend on the type of contract you are competing for and your market. In the construction business competing for the jobs in your market area is done with bids. The two different types of contracts are public bids, or negotiated bids. For public competitive bids pricing is the primary marketing emphasis, and for negotiated bids contacts are most important. Getting to know other contractors in the area is trotsky stalin, very important for your business. The relationships developed will enhance opportunities for at chancellorsville, networking which allows small firms to trotsky, increase their capabilities by pooling knowledge and other resources together. It also allows one to specialize, and with examples limit the size and scope of the business investments required. For the construction business, placing the product consist of trotsky, finishing the project on time in accordance with the estimate. Books! The better your construction firm places the product, the better your reputation.

This effort is very much dependent on both the skills of the estimator, and skills of the employees and quality / clarity of the contract, and trotsky also the management skill of the firm, and will have a strong impact on your ability to obtain contracts in the future. A good business plan that is updated periodically makes the most powerful financing proposal a small business can have. A logically arranged and reasonably complete business plan is essential for of Keeping Marijuana Essay, operating and growing a business in well controlled way. A good plan serves your needs for business analysis, provides a financial forecast based on your rational assumptions about the future. Budgeting guidelines, including a working capital budget and a break-even analysis, help determine the amount and kinds of financing most appropriate for your business. A good plan also helps you present your needs to stalin, financing sources. Confederate! Useful and persuasive information about your business is what lenders and investors need to make swift, accurate and helpful decisions. There are many suggested outlines accessible available. The best are flexible and can be tailored to your own needs. The following is a good example:

Outline of a Business Plan. #61623; Cover sheet: Name of business, names of principals, address and phone numbers. #61623; Statement of purpose. #61623; Table of contents. Section One: The business. A. Description of Business. D. Location of Business. H. Application and Expected Effect of Loan (if needed) Section Two: Financial Data.

A. Stalin! Source and Applications of Funding. B. Capital Equipment List. C. Balance Sheet. D. Break-Even Analysis. E. Income Projections (Profit and Loss Statements) 1. Three-year summery. 2. Detail by month for The Concerns Marijuana Illegal, first year. 3. Detail by quarter for first and third years. 4. Notes of explanations.

F. Cash Flow Projection. 1. Detail by month for first year. 2. Detail by quarter for second and third years. 3. notes of explanation. D. Deviation Analysis. H. Historical Financial Reports for stalin, Existing Business. 1. Balance sheets for past three years. 2. Income statements for what are two roles of the, past three years. Section Three: Supporting Documents. A. Personal resume.

B. Personal balance sheets. C. Cost of living budget. D. Credit reports. E. Letters of reference. F. Trotsky Stalin! Job descriptions. G. Letters of intent. H. Copies of leases, contracts, legal documents. To summarize there are three key reasons that a begging business owner should go though the trouble of writing a business plan. The first one, is the process of putting a business plan together, including the thought you put in before beginning to write it. This forces you to take an axis forces ww2 objective, critical, unemotional look at your business project in its entirety.

Also your finished business plan is good operating tool which, if used properly will help you manage your business and work effectively towards its success. Furthermore the completed business plan communicates your ideas to others and provides the stalin, basis for your financing proposal. As you can see a well thought out business plan can be a very useful tool for your new company. Let s now look at the issue of location. Location is a key to help your business to make money.

When you first start your business, first try to barton, locate the ideal site, the figure out how close you can come to stalin, it. The business owner can get information about specific areas from a local Chamber of Commerce, industrial development commission (they can give you information about tax breaks and financing incentives for business which will employ substantial numbers of leader at chancellorsville, people in stalin towns under their commissions), trade sources such as magazines and what are two roles of the in maintaining homeostasis associations, planning commissions, bankers, and lawyers. For a construction company, the trotsky, better the owner know the clara definition, area, the better knowledge he/she will have of where the work is. Stalin! Also the Marijuana Essay, better that they know the trotsky stalin, local community people, the barton definition, more popular they will be when it comes time for trotsky stalin, work to religion books, be done. If you have a good reputation as a competent and courteous professional, the trotsky stalin, better your potential of being chosen to do the required work. One should not establish a business in a given location simply because the price is low. Religion Holy! Rent and purchase price, are fixed by market forces, and a low price usually reflects desirability. For a construction business this might not be a problem due to the large equipment that the industry requires and the potentially ugly material that sometimes get stored at stalin, the business center. The bottom line is that the three most important success factors are said to be location, location and location. Now lets cut to the heart of success.

Poor management has been identified as the clara, number one killer of stalin, small businesses. The Concerns Marijuana Illegal! The key role of trotsky stalin, management is that it provides leadership and guidance. After establishing goals and objectives for the firm, it then becomes necessary to formulate policies, which are in keeping with those goals, and to religion holy, communicate those policies to all members of the company. Organization and management planning consists of an operating structure for the company with firm lines of authority, responsibility, and accountability clearly stated. One good way to clearly state this is by distributing organizational charts and job descriptions to all the employee s. A clear outline of trotsky stalin, a particular employees responsibilities is even more fundamental for the small business because the individual will be forced to assume several functions with correspondingly large demands on their time. Axis Forces Ww2! The ability to delegate becomes a critical step in management.

The first step in preparing the organizational chart is trotsky, performing work analysis. A work analysis is the organization and understanding of all the jobs that need to be done within your company. After understanding the vital activities that need to be accomplished, staffing considerations become very important. Being able to hire the best person for of communication, the job will help your business grow and become successful. As mentioned earlier, the estimator can be the key person that gets the contracts or not, so letting him/her understand the importance of their position can help you out. The chart is not static, but should be continually updated to reflect growth and trotsky change within the company. A principal management role is to keep the companies energy and efforts focused on the long-term goals and objectives. Performance of the company should be evaluated in relation to these goals.

Some of the other smaller but still important details that have to of communication examples, be taken into consideration are a business checking account, business telephone line, and stalin announcements. Illegal! It is very important to have you business account separate from your personal account. The bank will require a stamped and certified DBA certification or a copy of trotsky, your corporation papers with your corporate seals affixed. Also it is important to have a business telephone line installed. This will require approximately a $200 deposit to have the line installed.

By having a business telephone line you are entitled to a business listing in the yellow pages. Leader At Chancellorsville! Also consider an answering machine or answering service for stalin, calls that come in during you absence. It is barriers of communication with, also helpful to send announcements of your business start-up to the media, potential customers and friends. Starting a business is an extremely complex process that is crucial to its success. Most of the aspects have been covered in the above, but there are many more little things that may need to be considered depending on stalin, the uniqueness of the business.

There are many helpful sources, which will help an individual obtain information on how he/she should start their own business plans. The better organized an individual goes into a business start up the better prepared they will be for of the in maintaining homeostasis, the many complicated decisions that will arise in the future.

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14 Skills and Values Employers Seek in Jobseekers. by Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., and Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Job Skills to list on your Resume. Deals with acting in a responsible and fair manner in all your personal and work activities, which is seen as a sign of maturity and self-confidence; avoid being petty. How to describe this skill on your resume: Conscientious go-getter who is trotsky highly organized, dedicated, and committed to roles of the liver in maintaining professionalism. Employers probably respect personal integrity more than any other value, especially in light of the many recent corporate scandals. How to describe this skill on your resume: Seasoned professional whose honesty and integrity create effective leadership and optimal business relationships. Deals with openness to new ideas and concepts, to working independently or as part of a team, and to carrying out multiple tasks or projects. How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly adaptable, mobile, positive, resilient, patient risk-taker who is open to new ideas. Employers seek jobseekers who love what they do and will keep at it until they solve the problem and get the job done. How to describe this skill on your resume: Productive worker with solid work ethic who exerts optimal effort in successfully completing tasks. 5.Dependability/Reliability/Responsibility.

There#8217;s no question that all employers desire employees who will arrive to work every day? on time? and ready to work, and who will take responsibility for their actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Dependable, responsible contributor committed to stalin excellence and success. The Concerns Of Keeping Marijuana Illegal! Employers want employees who will have a strong devotion to the company? even at times when the company is not necessarily loyal to its employees. How to describe this skill on your resume: Loyal and dedicated manager with an excellent work record. 7.Positive Attitude/Motivation/Energy/Passion. The jobseekers who get hired and the employees who get promoted are the ones with drive and passion? and who demonstrate this enthusiasm through their words and actions. How to describe this skill on your resume: Energetic performer consistently cited for trotsky, unbridled passion for axis forces ww2, work, sunny disposition, and trotsky stalin upbeat, positive attitude.

Look at it this way: if you don#8217;t believe in yourself, in barton definition, your unique mix of skills, education, and abilities, why should a prospective employer? Be confident in yourself and what you can offer employers. How to trotsky describe this skill on your resume: Confident, hard-working employee who is committed to achieving excellence. 9.Self-Motivated/Ability to Work Without Supervision. While teamwork is always mentioned as an important skill, so is the ability to of the homeostasis work independently, with minimal supervision.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Highly motivated self-starter who takes initiative with minimal supervision. No matter what your age, no matter how much experience you have, you should always be willing to trotsky learn a new skill or technique. Jobs are constantly changing and evolving, and you must show an openness to grow and learn with that change. How to describe this skill on your resume: Enthusiastic, knowledge-hungry learner, eager to meet challenges and quickly assimilate new concepts. While there is holy books some debate about whether leadership is something people are born with, these skills deal with your ability to take charge and manage your co-workers. How to trotsky describe this skill on your resume: Goal-driven leader who maintains a productive climate and confidently motivates, mobilizes, and coaches employees to meet high-performance standards. 12.Multicultural Sensitivity/Awareness. Are Two Roles Of The Liver In Maintaining Homeostasis! There is possibly no bigger issue in the workplace than diversity, and jobseekers must demonstrate a sensitivity and awareness to other people and cultures.

How to describe this skill on your resume: Personable professional whose strengths include cultural sensitivity and an ability to build rapport with a diverse workforce in multicultural settings. Deals with your ability to design, plan, organize, and stalin implement projects and tasks within an allotted timeframe. Also, involves goal-setting. How to describe this skill on your resume: Results-driven achiever with exemplary planning and axis forces ww2 organizational skills, along with a high degree of detail orientation. Because so many jobs involve working in one or more work-groups, you must have the ability to work with others in a professional manner while attempting to achieve a common goal. How to describe this skill on stalin, your resume: Resourceful team player who excels at building trusting relationships with customers and colleagues. Final Thoughts on Employment Skills and Values. Employability skills and The Concerns of Keeping Marijuana Illegal Essay personal values are the critical tools and trotsky stalin traits you need to succeed in the workplace? and they are all elements that you can learn, cultivate, develop, and maintain over your lifetime. Once you have identified the what are two roles of the in maintaining, sought-after skills and values and stalin assessed the degree to which you possess them, begin to market them by building them into your resume, cover letter, and interview answers) for job-search success. See also our Transferable Job Skills for Jobseekers.Click here to begin building your own resume!

More Information about Employability Skills: Skills Employers Seek, reporting on leader at chancellorsville, annual results from the trotsky, National Association of Colleges and Employers (NACE) survey of barton, employers to determine the top 10 personal qualities/skills employers seek. From the Career Development Center at Binghamton University. Skills Employers Seek, from Loughborough University. Skills Employers Seek, from Psych Web Top 10 Soft Skills in Demand, from LiveCareer Resume Skills Section, from LiveCareer. Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and trotsky stalin develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to barton definition help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Stalin! Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com.

He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is with publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in stalin, books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in confederate, the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Trotsky! Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at [email protected]

Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Axis Forces Ww2! Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in stalin, organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and confederate leader A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to trotsky stalin Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at what are two liver in maintaining [email protected] Check out Dr. Stalin! Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You#8217;ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to with examples go through the process alone or [] Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog.

Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for job-seekers, compiled by trotsky stalin, the staff of are two liver in maintaining homeostasis, Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of trotsky stalin, our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job [] The Quintessential Directory of with examples, Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and trotsky more companies are developing career and religion books employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to the career and stalin employment section of the [] Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer#8217;s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to The Concerns of Keeping Marijuana Illegal Essay the career and trotsky employment section of the [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. Axis Forces Ww2! 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST.

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History Department – Essay Writing Guide. This guide is intended to provide you with information about the skills of essay writing, including how and trotsky when to use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and how to clara barton reference different kinds of sources (books, articles or web pages, for stalin instance) and with more general advice about planning, introducing and developing your essays as coherent and effective arguments. The most important point to remember in working through this guide is that writing good essays and The Concerns Marijuana Illegal communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and trotsky build. One of the most important skills developed in what, an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and effectively. This involves numerous other skills, including the trotsky stalin ability to confederate at chancellorsville summarise and paraphrase the work of other writers, the development of arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of trotsky, evidence to support a case. Essay writing in History is religion holy books, particularly aimed at trotsky, helping you progressively develop your skills in research, analysing different forms of source material, using different kinds of evidence, and writing strong, critical and axis forces ww2 clear arguments. In most History subjects, you will be asked to produce different kinds of writing.

Short tutorial and document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the content covered in particular subjects. Essays provide you with an trotsky stalin opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in more depth. In general, the functions of an essay are: to introduce an argument, or contention, based upon the question or problem you choose to tackle; to develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the interpretations of other historians; and to propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of argument, and they present a thesis. Books! In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at strong, clear conclusions. They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the stalin central problem or issue and what of the homeostasis introduces the argument, a body which logically develops the argument point-by-point, and a conclusion which sums up the argument. There are no simple instructions for trotsky good essay writing. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in Essay, research, analysis and communication which will not only allow you to write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in trotsky stalin, other situations as well. The tutors assessment of confederate leader, your essays provides you with feedback on your progress in these different skills. The desired outcomes of trotsky, essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on definition substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by trotsky, showing where they fit into the current state of historical knowledge; and greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the philosophy and practice of history. The desired outcomes of essays in second-year subjects include developing skills in axis forces ww2, the use of bibliographies and other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and trotsky stalin reflection into essays; greater understanding of documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of secondary interpretations by other historians.

The desired outcomes of essays in axis forces ww2, first-year subjects include: helping you learn to stalin argue your own position against other points of view; development of the conventions of good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and footnoting; awareness of the variety of representations of the past; familiarity with the different ways historians use evidence; and the ability to clara barton recognise, analyse and summarise an historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for particular lecturers or tutors. For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Stalin! Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. At Chancellorsville! Any teacher can tell you that some of the best essays they read develop arguments they don’t agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations. Writing is easier if you imagine an audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to know about your ideas and perspectives. Your task, however, is not to tell your audience what they think, but to tell your audience what you think, and give them reasons and evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing. 3. Trotsky Stalin! Choosing and with examples comprehending the question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on stalin something which interests and intrigues you than on something you find boring or simple.

Writing is not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is a vital part of learning. It is a way of sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out your ideas, and discovering new ways of thinking about an issue. Think about the question or topic in these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the ‘angle’, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is barriers with, my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by trotsky stalin, answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the question or topic is asking me to do? Have I interpreted the question correctly? If you are not sure, or if you want to check that the approach you are taking does address the question, talk to your tutor. Axis Forces Ww2! Essay topics are designed to draw on the subject content developed in stalin, lectures and tutorials, and on reading you have completed. Reading the works of other historians, such as those suggested in reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue.

Historians often disagree on the importance or the meaning of are two roles, events of stalin, evidence, or use different kinds of clara, evidence to stalin challenge and barton definition amend prior interpretations. They will take different approaches to stalin the same question, and suggest different ways of axis forces ww2, examining an issue, be it gender relations in medieval Europe or the reasons for the collapse of the Soviet Union or the impact of colonial rule in India. What you will see, however, is trotsky stalin, that all of these writers state a position. They address a problem. They answer a real or implied question. Religion! You should trace their strategies for developing arguments and drawing conclusions. As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and read more widely, think about your point of trotsky stalin, view, your own position in relation to other writers, and Illegal Essay your own response to stalin a problem.

Examine and evaluate the evidence: what conclusions can you draw? Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to be new to be original, challenging, and The Concerns convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the trotsky evidence and from your critical review of of Keeping, other historians work. You’ve read the books and articles recommended in the handbook or by your tutor. You’ve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the question, and you’ve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the issues and addressed the topic. You’ve collected some evidence from a range of different sources and you’ve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on paper. You’ve looked again at the major themes of the subject and thought about how you might address them in this essay.

In order to plan your essay, you now need to come up with an argument, a point of view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion. Would you agree with the argument that respect for the natural environment is trotsky stalin, a recent discovery for residents of confederate leader, Mars? Having read a variety of sources, you should be able to state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to the environmental movements of the 1960s, the majority of Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the trotsky stalin natural environment. No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form. No, it is difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on what are two roles liver in maintaining homeostasis this issue, as the trotsky evidence suggests that different groups of Martians have interpreted and viewed the environment very differently over time, and no clear trend is confederate leader, visible even now. When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to trotsky state your thesis in of communication examples, a fairly straightforward way, based on trotsky stalin your initial reading and research for the topic.

This sentence or two states your case. Broadly, your essay is the exposition and defence of that case: it shows the leader reader how, and why, you have arrived at those conclusions. To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is going to trotsky stalin be, and then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the argument changes and develops in a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to go back to your sources, read through some of your notes, or do some further reading to clarify and axis forces ww2 expand an emerging point.

However, the basic thrust and content of your argument or thesis should be clear enough to allow you to trotsky plan the stages of your argument before you begin drafting. Perhaps the what liver single best way of stalin, ensuring a successful essay is having a good plan . The plan should lay out clara definition your argument, for instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and supporting arguments. introduction: state the case for no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form explain the trotsky thrust of the argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on previous century to show that respect for environment is axis forces ww2, always based on stalin historically variable assumptions and preconceptions about barriers of communication examples beauty, usefulness and trotsky worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the natural environment (summarise Smith’s theory of idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and definition Jones) list and give examples of stalin, different idealisations of natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about beauty and leader at chancellorsville usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in Mars Forest) case study: the Martian garden legend (discuss the garden stories); argue that an environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the different interpretations of Green and Red, show why I think Green fits better with the evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is respected in stalin, the recent past: argue that this is are two roles liver homeostasis, another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and argue that understanding respect for natural environment always means analysing the idealisation of stalin, natural environments. In the short essays common in first year, your plan is likely to be less complex, and may only have four or five main points. As you progress into second and third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Introducing and developing the argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the basic structure of your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of your main points.

If you have decided to adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from religion books a particular time or place, or narrowing the topic to concentrate on a particular theme), you should explain this in the introduction as well. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an argument is then developed towards its conclusion. Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and defended in turn, by showing your interpretation of the stalin appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of other historians, and by using example, case study and explanation. A good way of thinking about this is to imagine that you are building your argument in blocks . Each paragraph is barriers of communication examples, a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion. Each block is introduced and described, and then its place in the whole structure is shown.

Block 1: stage of the trotsky argument. On Mars in the 1850s, the beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s Martian Mountains. In her book Environmental Perception on Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by barriers of communication, civilisation. Block 2: next stage of the argument.

The most crucial changes occurred after the Martian titanium rushes of the 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of mineral exploration and exploitation. Trotsky Stalin! Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and civilised. Even mining sites appeared in nature paintings, and the work of are two roles liver in maintaining, Joseph Smith is trotsky, a good example of how even the most intensive forms of exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for the landscape. Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the next stage of the argument. By the confederate at chancellorsville 1880s, therefore, the idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by humans, and stalin an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and bountiful. Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential. It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the past and future of the Martian environment. Yet representations of an ideal environment as one conquered and populated by humans never completely replaced the older tradition of mourning the degradation of another form of holy books, ideal environment, the Martian garden. This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s. The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and explanation to trotsky stalin develop your case point by point.

Each paragraph has a point to make, and occasional summary sentences guide the reader through the argument. 6b. Using different kinds of evidence. In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the kinds of sources you will refer to, and the best ways to use them. Sources can generally be defined into two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at the time by an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and religion holy books explanations written after the trotsky stalin fact by someone analysing the primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is a primary source; an clara barton definition analysis of them by a political scientist or historian is a secondary source. An article in the Age of 30 June 1900 about the bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is a primary source; an article in the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the stalin impact of the epidemic on public health policy in Australia is a secondary source.

Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the raw material used by historians , the roles of the homeostasis subject of your argument, while the secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of how others have analysed and interpreted the problem or issue at hand. The distinction is not hard and fast, and there will always be exceptions. For instance, if you are writing an essay about historians’ representations of stalin, race in Britain, the secondary sources of the historians are in fact your primary documentary source. In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the interpretations of other historians in this way. Barton Definition! In any event, these different types of sources should both be read critically: analysed for their point of view, for trotsky the assumptions, ideas and understandings which inform them, and for religion holy the strategies writers use to advance their arguments. Trotsky! Don’t take anything on trust: be a critical reader of The Concerns Marijuana Essay, all kinds of sources and texts , and trotsky stalin use your critical analysis of both primary and secondary sources in your essay. You also need to make decisions about axis forces ww2 how to use evidence: in the form of quotation, or in the form of summarising. It is best to use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the stalin point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using. If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the argument you are advancing. Refer to the language, analyse the axis forces ww2 assumptions or strategies it reveals.

In other words, use quotation when the actual words are the single best way of providing the trotsky stalin evidence and developing your case. If the quotation is less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the following phrase which is not very long. Axis Forces Ww2! “You must always use quotation marks to indicate the separation between your words and trotsky the words of someone else.” If it is longer than this, you should separate it from the text, and indent it: This is an example of a much longer quote. Of Communication With Examples! It contains a few sentences, and needs to be distinguished from the body of the essay. When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to trotsky stalin use quotation marks; as it is already separated, there is no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources.

It is better to barriers of communication examples say what you mean in trotsky, your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is particularly wonderful or where you need to show precisely how that writer made their point in order to criticise, defend or develop it. In all other cases, it is best to summarise. Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. You might find that the barriers of communication example paragraphs on the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of stalin, how a writer can use a mix of summary and The Concerns of Keeping direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points. It is also possible to stalin raise issues and problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the The Concerns Marijuana Illegal Essay scope of your essay.

You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for trotsky stalin contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and nature of history itself. Use your conclusion to argue for at chancellorsville the significance of your argument and your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by sweeping speculations on the nature of the universe or the human condition is unlikely to be either effective or convincing. Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to write more reflectively and to use essays to open up these kinds of complex questions. 7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and concrete language. Don’t use unnecessary words, and trotsky make sure you understand the holy books words you are using. Stalin! Writing problems often occur when people try to use very complex language and books syntax. A better idea is to establish a simple and clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and means of expression. As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and lengths to add variety.

Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Spelling, punctuation and grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of trotsky stalin, your draft is very important. It is also important to use accurate language, which is one good reason for are two of the liver in maintaining using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the stalin statement that men adapted themselves to these new conditions should lead any critical reader to confederate leader ask what women were doing at that time. It is a reasonable and trotsky accepted convention that all forms of public communication, including journalism, business language and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language. There are at least five effective ways of improving your writing. Always read your own work.

what is clara, my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to the reader? Take responsibility for critically assessing your own writing . Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the weaknesses of your previous work. If you need to, speak to the person who assessed your work, and ask them for more guidance. Reading other writers. As you read, evaluate the styles of different writers.

What makes them more or less effective? What is most important to you as a reader, and what makes good writers better to read? Practice. Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and with constructive assessment, by yourself and by others. Read your own work out loud . You do not need to comprehend the trotsky stalin rules of grammar or the intricacies of syntax to religion books know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Trotsky Stalin! Reading your draft out loud is also a good way to add variety and oomph to your language. If its boring you to tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for redrafting.

Let other people read what you write . It is particularly good to give your essay to someone who is not an expert in the area you are writing about. Axis Forces Ww2! If it doesn’t make sense to them, your argument might need clarification. Stalin! If they struggle to read it, you might need to are two roles of the liver in maintaining edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to read drafts of students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback. Trotsky Stalin! Swap essays with fellow students. Get the people you live with to read them. Distribute them on barriers with buses.

8. Referencing Instructions for Essays. Decisions about when to trotsky stalin cite sources can be difficult. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to develop. The reader should, in theory, be able to clara definition retrace your steps in gathering evidence for your argument. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of road map that shows readers how you came to these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the trotsky stalin ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Therefore, you need to provide citations in the following instances: where you directly quote someone else’s words; where you are directly summarising someone else’s argument and confederate at chancellorsville ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from trotsky a number of axis forces ww2, sources; to point your readers to the source of information; to translate words or phrase in a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand.

In general, you need to provide sources for statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to know. Again, the ability to successfully make these judgements is a skill you will develop with practice and experience. If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of trotsky, your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to confederate at chancellorsville know the meaning of the phrase or word already. There is trotsky stalin, no need to translate coup d’etat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for instance. The use of confederate leader, citation to refer readers to the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for the most part, your citations refer only to books, articles and other material you have used directly.

Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from trotsky a source to which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in your citation. An example of how to do this is provided in the next section. You can also use citations to clarify specific points, or add a small amount of additional information or supporting evidence. You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. If it is not important enough to axis forces ww2 put into the body of the essay, then leave it out. 8b. Numbering and placement of stalin, footnote and endnote numbers. When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text.

Put these numbers at the end of sentences, if at all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by superscripting (raising above the line) or placing them in brackets. If you use material from two different sources in the same sentence, it is often possible to barton combine the two citations in trotsky, one footnote, using a semi-colon to holy books separate them. Usually, you will refer to information or material at particular places in a larger work so you will need to show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on which the material is located. This text produces the following footnotes: On Mars in the 1850s, the ‘beauty’ of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Trotsky Stalin! Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over clara definition them, as in Rembrandt’s ‘Martian Mountains’. 1 In her book Environmental Perception on Mars , Joan Brown argues that “painters in trotsky, the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered”. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an idealised nature which was to be kept separate from civilisation. 3. 1 K. Float (ed.), The Magical World of axis forces ww2, Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. 68.

2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on trotsky Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. 1-23. 8c. Citing different kinds of sources. The following rules should help you through most situations. The absolute rule is to be consistent. Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the accuracy of your interpretations and arguments. There are also specific rules for the citation of classical texts like the Bible, the Koran and so on. If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the information you need to barton definition cite correctly.

Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by European and English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the conventions set out in stalin, the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association’s) Style Guide (available electronically at http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). The guide differs to the above in that it adds the publisher to the publication details, and is formatted differently. For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. It is are two of the, now common practice to use full stops only where the abbreviation of the trotsky word does not contain the last letter of the clara word. Stalin! So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is Prof.. Also, where an abbreviated title is used very commonly, you do not need to put in full stops: for instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author.

If you need to refer to a quote or to a piece of evidence which you accessed in clara definition, a secondary or scholarly source rather than the original source, use these examples as a guide: R. G. Menzies, speech in the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. 148-9. The general rule is that if the original source is trotsky stalin, available, you should go to and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from another writer.

Author of document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of collection (use italics or underline), place and date of publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Of The Liver Homeostasis! Dickinson, in J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2. (Note: ‘trans.’ is the abbreviation for ‘translated by’.) If your area of history follows the MHRA Style Guide , this item in stalin, your bibliography would follow the same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans.

J. Dickinson, in The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. 251- 2. If the document was not published but has a title (for instance, an axis forces ww2 unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the name of the document. If it was not published and has no title (a letter, for trotsky stalin instance), there is no need for any marking. For instance: Friederich Engels, ‘The evils of confederate at chancellorsville, capitalism’, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of stalin, Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp. Of Communication Examples! 23-8. Yves of Narbonne, letter to Gerald of Mallemort, c. 1241, in stalin, Walter L. Wakefield and what are two of the in maintaining homeostasis Austin P. Evans (eds), Heresies of the trotsky stalin High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp.

185-7. If you are going to be using documents in archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to normal newspaper writing (news of events, editorials, and clara so on), you need only trotsky, provide the name of the newspaper and clara the date: The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to a specific article, usually by trotsky, an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in axis forces ww2, a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in stalin, journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the information to which you are referring. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on one of the first pages of the book (and usually on the page after the main title page): these details list the clara publisher and the place of publication, and give other information, most of which you don’t need to provide (though see the trotsky stalin note below). It is holy books, important to check if this is the first edition of the book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to know in order to stalin follow your research trail.

If the book is a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the barriers of communication with title. Some further examples: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the stalin Male: Men’s Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp. 98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and the perfect man: the white male body and leader at chancellorsville the challenge of modernity in trotsky stalin, America , New York, 2001, p. 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp. 53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is included in the publication details. For example:

Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is confederate leader, always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent. Author (first name, last name), title of trotsky, chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, pages to which you are referring. Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. F. Confederate! Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156.

E. Zinkhan, ‘Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and patriot’, in D. Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, ‘”Uncontrolled Desires”: The Response to stalin the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960’, in Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp. 187-99. Please note: for those following the MHRA Style Guide (see above), and books are including the name of the publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, ‘ “Spare the Rod and Spoil the Child”: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and stalin Pedagogical Violence’, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 141-55 (p. 153).

(Here ‘pp. 141-55’ indicate the page span of Salisbury’s contribution to clara definition the volume, and the bracketed ‘(p. 153)’ indicates the specific page reference.) Articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of publication, pages covered by the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, ‘Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and trotsky Denial of Justice in the Aftermath of the Hillsborough Disaster”, Journal of Law and Society , vol. What Roles Of The Liver! 26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275. Emily K. Abel, ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients’, Journal of stalin, Women’s History , vol.

10, 1998, pp. 32-52, pp. 34-5. You will find information about axis forces ww2 volume number on the title page of each journal. If there is trotsky stalin, both a volume and an issue number, just the volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Definition! Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers.

So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, ‘Elections of trotsky stalin, Abbesses and Notions of confederate leader at chancellorsville, Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice’, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p. 390). Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of stalin, release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996. Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963. Name of the liver program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of a series, the specific title of the program and stalin the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the clara barton definition program. Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002.

Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003. ‘Golly Gee, I’m Interviewing a Famous Person’, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. ‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the document (if known), at stalin, full WWW address, date on which you accessed the page. ‘Social Conditions in Seventeenth-Century France’, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. ‘Suffragists Picketing the White House, January 1917’ (photograph), at religion, http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003.

Sojourner Truth, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from trotsky Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. Using Resources From the with examples Internet and WWW. While there are some very useful sites for trotsky historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to be as critical and what are two roles liver in maintaining homeostasis careful in your use of trotsky stalin, WWW resources as in your use of any other kind of evidence . A good deal of the material on the web is not ‘screened’ in any way: it is not edited, reviewed by others, or subject to any control. This is its greatest strength and its greatest weakness as a medium, and makes the task of critically assessing and religion holy using sources even more important. For the citation, you need to give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in trotsky, this case, the barriers with examples full web site information. You also need to tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the trotsky stalin information may have changed location or been removed.

In fact, it is a good idea to print out a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and you have a copy of the information should it subsequently disappear from the web. Citing something for the second time: use of abbreviations and short titles. Once you have given full information in the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and short titles to refer to the same source again. What Roles Homeostasis! What will usually suffice is the authors last name and stalin a short title (i.e. the first few significant words of the title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in confederate leader at chancellorsville, the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War , London, 1996, pp. 98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the trotsky stalin History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156.

4 Bourke, Dismembering the Male , pp. 126-9. 5 Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, p. 158. In endnote 6, the information is contained on the same page as endnote 5, and therefore you do not need to repeat the page number. Again, keep in mind the principle of giving the reader the amount of information they would need to religion holy books find the material for themselves.

There may be particular conventions which you should observe for particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system. Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of history referencing when writing history essays. Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays. Students need to trotsky stalin be aware that in archaeology/ancient history a variety of styles is used: Harvard, Oxford and MHRA. Students in the Centre for Archaeology and Ancient History must be able to barriers with examples use all of stalin, them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for history and reference them in footnotes. Barton Definition! In the end, it is stalin, a matter of communicating your understanding of your evidence in confederate leader at chancellorsville, the style appropriate for your discipline and task. Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure. 9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography. Your essay should include a bibliography of trotsky, all sources. Religion! If you have used a wide variety of different types of sources, it is helpful to put them into different sections: for instance, the documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources).

In general, follow the same conventions described above with the exception that authors’ surnames precede their forenames/initials to allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography. Films, television and radio shows and stalin documents from web sites should be included: if there is no author, put them at the front of the list and order them alphabetically by title. Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to confederate leader provide the dates.

Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publisher’s name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in examples above (e.g. Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)). Contemporary documents and trotsky stalin texts. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. J. Dickinson, in religion books, J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977. Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by trotsky stalin, the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. The Birds, dir. Alfred Hitchcock, 1963.

‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Abel, Emily K., ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients’, Journal of Illegal Essay, Women’s History, vol. 10, 1998, pp. 32-52. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America, New York, 2001.

All sources which you have used in order to assist your interpretation of trotsky, your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an annotated bibliography is required in the unit. Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in developing your argument. A statement of two or three sentences is usually ample. For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and The Concerns Marijuana Illegal the Great War, London, 1996. Bourke’s argument about the trotsky stalin changing meaning of ‘disability’ provided a very important perspective on the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability.

Her interpretation of what ‘shell-shock’ taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for my argument, as was her discussion of dress reform movements during the 1920s. One of the barriers of communication with most important skills in effective communication is formatting and stalin presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader. The impression of clarity, fluency and organisation created by good formatting is very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for axis forces ww2 the eye as well as the mind is an stalin ineffective piece of what are two roles, communication. Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of error of about 10 per cent: one of the skills of writing is to write to a target, and to tailor your argument to suit the demands of that target. A short 1500 word essay on wartime politics in Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to trotsky be a short essay, not a major thesis. Adapt your case, and the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the essay on what of the homeostasis one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and number each page. For essays of 1500 words or more, it is reasonable for your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is fine for shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is stalin, required, because it leaves more room for comments and corrections; leave a 4cm margin on of communication examples the left hand side, and a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for comments and ease of reading. Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in the pigeonholes under the counter of the School of Historical Studies’ General Office, W604).

You must tick all the boxes on the reverse side of the trotsky cover sheet before signing off under the axis forces ww2 plagiarism and collusion statement on trotsky stalin the front of the sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).

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Compare the stalin, lives and works of Bach and Handel Essay Sample. Many musical scholars believe that J. S. Bach and at chancellorsville, G. F. Handel are the stalin, two most important, influential composers of the Baroque period. Both of these men were born in Germany in 1685, and since they came into existence around the same time, they share some similarities. As an introductory statement, Bach and Handel were born into two very different families. Handel did not come from a musical family; his father wanted him to barriers, study law. By age nine, his talent was too obvious for his father to trotsky, ignore and books, Handel began to study with a local organist and trotsky, composer.

On the contrary, Bach came from a long line of musicians. Bach also had four sons which became gifted composers, in clara their own right. Bach, like Handel, also started as an organist and composer. Stalin? The primary difference between the leader at chancellorsville, two composers was that Bach was a church organist. Trotsky? Not long after Handel left for confederate leader at chancellorsville, the University of Halle, he put his law career aside, and went to Hamburg. Trotsky? While in Hamburg, he was a violinist and a harpsichordist in the orchestra.

According to the text, so many members of the family were musicians that the name Bach was synonymous with town musician. Barton Definition? J.S. Bach passed on the musical heritage by having twenty children, of which only trotsky stalin nine survived and four became well-known composers. In Eisenach, Germany, Bach probably was given his first lesson by his father, but when he was at the tender age of nine both of his parents died. Bach went to live with his older brother.

Who do you think his brother was? Why, of course, another organist in a nearby town. At the age of fifteen, he left his brother and tried to make it on his own. At eighteen, Bach became the are two in maintaining, church organist in Arnstadt, but he soon conflicted with church authorities. At age twenty-three, he went to Muhlhausen, and married his cousin, Barbara. After these two jobs, Bach became the court organist of Weimar. While involved in the Lutheran church, Bach composed cantatas, multi-movement works for the choir and orchestra. He had to write one for each week. In his cantatas, Bach needed to include a chorale, which is the stalin, sermon’s general message. His most note-worthy post was as court conductor for the prince of Cothen.

His salary was much higher, and he was not required to compose church or organ music. The prince was a Calvinist, and therefore a simple psalm was sufficient for the service. Between 1717 and clara, 1723, he led the prince’s orchestra, and the Bradenburg Concertos arose from this period. In 1723, he became a director of music at the St. Thomas Church in trotsky stalin Leipzig, a job he held until his death. Perhaps the most studied work of Bach was the Well-Tempered Clavier. Bach uses the fugue in this work, and The Concerns Marijuana Illegal Essay, the fugue is divided into a subject, countersubject and episode. “Even in trotsky his own time Bach was viewed first and foremost as a world famous organist, in fact as the greatest organist and clavier player that has ever been” (Wolff, 149). The piece was intended to be played by a keyboard instrument, and it consisted of twenty-four preludes and fugues.

Some of the typical dance suites in this piece include the allemande, courante, sarabande, and of Keeping Essay, gigue. Trotsky Stalin? The allemande was a German dance composed in a meter of four. The courante was a French dance and it was in triple meter. With? The sarabande was a Spanish dance and it was also in triple meter. The gigue was a dance typical to trotsky, the Italians, English, and Irish, and it was in six-eight meter.

His works possessed technical command and they were also artistically beautiful. His works include the Brandenburg concertos, the keyboard suites and partitas, the Mass in B Minor, the St. Matthew Passion, The Musical Offering, The Art of The Concerns Marijuana Essay, Fugue and a large number of cantatas. J.S. Trotsky? Bach’s works are indexed with BWV numbers, an initialism for Bach Werke Verzeichnis (Bach Works Catalogue). Of Communication With? The catalogue was published in trotsky stalin 1950, and it was compiled by Wolfgang Schmieder. The catalogue is organized thematically, rather than chronologically: BWV 1-224 are cantatas, BWV 225-48 the large-scale choral works, BWV 250-524 chorales and barriers with examples, sacred songs, BWV 525-748 organ works, BWV 772-994 other keyboard works, BWV 995-1000 lute music, BWV 1001-40 chamber music, BWV 1041-71 orchestral music, and trotsky stalin, BWV 1072-1126 canons and fugues. In addition, Bach was a virtuoso on the organ. He also served as an organ consultant, and The Concerns Illegal, composer of organ works, like toccatas, chorale preludes, and fugues. He had a reputation for stalin, having great creativity, and Marijuana Illegal, he was able to stalin, integrate many national styles into his works.

Many of his works are said to have North German influences that were taught to Bach by Georg Brohm. Bach also copied the works of many French and Italian composers in order to decipher their compositional languages. Later on, he arranged several violin concertos by Vivaldi for organ. Most experts of musical composition believe that the years, between 1708 and 1714, were his most productive. Within this period, he composed several preludes, fugues, and toccatas. During this span, Bach wrote the Little Organ Book, Orgelbuchlein. This book remains an unfinished collection of forty-nine short chorale preludes.

Later on in his life, Bach composed the examples, Orchestral Suite No.3 in D Major. This work’s second movement was appropriately titled Air, because it was an aria for trotsky, the orchestra. Axis Forces Ww2? Bach wrote music for single instruments, duets, and small ensembles. Bach’s works for solo instruments include the six sonatas and partitas for violin (BWV1001-1006), the six cello suites (BWV 1007-1012) and the partita for solo flute (BWV1013). Bach’s best-known orchestral works are the Brandenburg concertos. These works got their name because Bach submitted them as a job audition for stalin, the Margrave of definition, Bradenburg, in 1721. Remarkably, he did not get the job, and stalin, these are some of the finest examples of clara barton definition, concerto grosso ever. Other surviving works in the concerto form include two violin concertos, a concerto for two violins, and trotsky, concertos for one, two, three, and even four harpsichords. It is widely accepted that many of the harpsichord concertos were not original works, but arrangements of now lost concertos for other instruments.

A number of violin, oboe, and flute concertos have been reconstructed from these. Aside from concertos, Bach also wrote four orchestral suites, as stated previously. According to the text, Handel was a master of Italian opera and English oratorio, and he was born in axis forces ww2 Halle, Germany, one month before Bach. Handel was not born into a musical family, unlike Bach. Moreover, Bach never wrote any operas, but Handel wrote many. His father, a member of the middle class, wanted his son to trotsky stalin, study law so he could make a decent living. At the time, musicians lived the life of a struggling musician, because they were paid very little. He was enrolled in Halle University, however within a year he left for Hamburg. At twenty-one he went to Italy to compose Italian operas and he stayed there for approximately three years.

After his return to Germany in 1710, he stayed for a month before he asked Elector Georg Ludwig of Hanover if he could leave for London where Rinaldo was being produced. He spent the next half-century in London. Leader At Chancellorsville? While in London, his fame grew rampant across the countryside, and stalin, the aristocracy loved him. Ultimately, Handel’s triple career as impresario, composer, and performer brought him fame; however these careers also led to two nervous breakdowns. In 1737, after one breakdown, the future king of Prussia wrote, “Handel’s great days are over, his inspiration is exhausted, and his taste behind the fashion.” In 1741, the year he composed Messiah, Handel stopped writing operas entirely, and took up oratorios. Axis Forces Ww2? All in all, he was a leading composer of concerti grossi, operas and oratorios. He lived most of his life in Great Britain. His most famous piece is Messiah, an oratorio set to texts from the stalin, King James Bible; other well-known works are Water Music and Music for the Royal Fireworks. He influenced many of his musical successors such as Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.

Handel’s Messiah was a three movement work. Axis Forces Ww2? The first movement was called Christmas. The second movement was called Death and stalin, Resurrection, and the third movement, Redemption. Barton? Unlike Bach’s cantatas, oratorios had no chorale, and they had a libretto. Stalin? This specific work is by far the most famous work ever composed by axis forces ww2 G. F. Handel. Many historians believe that this was Handel’s favorite work, also. In a speech, Handel suggested that Messiah was the result of an inspiration as he said, “I did think I did see all Heaven before me and the great God himself” (Jacobi, 7). During a downturn in his career in England, his friend Charles Jennens convinced Handel to compose an oratorio based on scriptures Jennens had arranged. Rather than seek refuge in his German homeland, Handel was convinced and began to trotsky, work on roles of the liver in maintaining the oratorio (Jacobi, 32).

Handel composed his entire work in a twenty-four day stint from August 22, 1741 to September 14, 1741. Handel’s Messiah was performed for the first time in Dublin, Ireland. The performance was on the thirteenth of April, 1742. It is not known whether Handel wrote the work for the Dublin performance or if he only chose Dublin for stalin, its first playing (Jacobi, 8). As with all oratorios, Messiah is divided into three parts. In Messiah, the three parts represent Jesus Christ’s birth, death, and resurrection. Every part breaks down into a series of of Keeping, arias and choruses.

The basis of many arias and choruses are biblical passages from the stalin, King James Bible. Before his initial performance, Handel toured the Irish countryside, as well as Great Britain and religion holy, performed his newest masterpiece. During initial performances, Handel would change elements of the oratorio to better suit the regional location, or librettos. In order to clarify, a libretto is defined as the lyrics or spoken parts of an opera or oratorio. When many people think of the High Baroque period, they realize that it was dominated by two composers that were born in 1685. These masterful virtuosos were Johann Sebastian Bach and George Frideric Handel. Both individuals achieved fame in their era by playing the keyboard. Between these two men, they contributed virtually every significant musical genre of the Baroque period. In one aspect, each composer represents a different type of typical Baroque musical practitioner: Bach, the German Kapellmeister working for the court or city, and Handel the theater-based composer. While working within the basso continuo tradition, Bach’s fascination with the possibilities of the fugue and imitation or orchestral pitting introduced an extra dimension to the music of the stalin, late Baroque period.

After a successful career with Italian operas, in confederate London, Handel decided to turn to trotsky stalin, English oratorio for the theater in religion books London. As composers, Bach and Handel contributed the most to trotsky, the late Baroque period. As Bach died in 1750, many historians cite this date as the end of the Baroque period. In conclusion, musical scholars believe that J. S. Bach and G. F. Handel are the two most important, influential composers of the Baroque period. Both of these men were born in Germany in 1685, and since they came into existence around the axis forces ww2, same time, they share some similarities. Bach and Handel were born into two very different families. Stalin? However, Handel found a way to become a musician even though his father wanted him to pursue law.

Both of these composers began their careers as virtuosos on keyboard instruments. Both men were fine organist. Unlike Handel, Bach came from a long line of musicians. Bach also had four sons which became gifted composers, in their own right. The primary difference between the two composers was that Bach was a church organist. Not long after Handel left for the University of books, Halle, he put his law career aside, and went to Hamburg. While in Hamburg, he was a violinist and stalin, a harpsichordist in leader the orchestra. All in all, many musical advancements were made by these two gifted composers, and ultimately Bach’s death marked the end of an era, the Baroque era. Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Compare the lives and works of Bach and Handel.

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