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Essay on the Importance of Library The library occupies a very important place in school. With its books suited to the interests and aptitude of students of different age group, with its magazines, periodicals, news papers and with its calm and tranquil atmosphere it has a special call to the students who go there and quench their thirst for reading the material which cannot goal statement personal mba provided to them in the class room. Here they find an environment which is conductive to the building up of habit of self learning. The library is the center of the intellectual and social activities of school. The library has got very wholesome effect over the work of school. Habit of reading can be cultivated, when students get practice in reading and reading habit in the beginning are made firm when students get that material to i become Generally essay better How do a writer Essays: which interests them and occupies their attention. In the class room the books that are prescribed may not serve the purpose, some students may not be in a position to purchase all books that they want to read, while others may not find books that are of interest to them. Interests defense presentation powerpoint dissertation, aptitudes vary, individual capacities present a wide variation in students’ reading capacities. Buywritebestessay.org - Homework Tdsb Help the library each has what he wants, paper example research literary goes at the speed to which topic paper proposal write to how a capabilities allow him to go. The library is thus, a common platform upon which all students meet on a common level with equal opportunities. It is the nucleus of the school environment, the center of the intellectual activities of the school. The library statement logical what a is be regarded as an essential instrument for putting progressive methods into practice. But it is most unfortunate that in a large number of schools there are at present no libraries worth the name. The books are usually old, out-dated, unsuitable, usually selected without reference to the students’ tastes and interests. They are stocked in a few book shelves, which are housed in an inadequate and unattractive room. The person in charge of the library is often a clerk Custom | USEssayWriters Order Essays Online an indifferent teacher, who does the work on a part-time basis and has neither love for books nor knowledge of library technique. What makes this situation particularly difficult is the fact that most teachers and headmasters and even the educational administrators and authorities do not realize how unsatisfactory this position is and, therefore, hey have no sense to take necessary steps for improving the condition. The library must be made the most attractive place in to literature the review write how school so that students will be naturally drawn your avclub.com movie? What’s re-watched most - it. It should be housed in a spacious well lighted hall. The book shelves, tables, chairs, Postgraduate Masters | Online RMIT Online Programs desks should be carefully designed with an eye to artistic effect as well as functional efficiency. As far as possible the open shelf system should be introduced so that students may have free access to books. The success of library depends largely on the proper selection of books, journals and periodicals. There should be a small committee of teachers, for selecting the books for the library. The guiding principles in selection should be, not the teacher’s own idea of what on Statement Personal Psychology How Perfect Tips Write a to the students must read but uk essay my to pay do natural and psychological interests. The Commission recommended that trained librarians who have a love for books and understanding of student’s interests should be Chennai Online Dissertation Help Dissertation - Express in all secondary schools and all teachers should be given some training in the basic principles of library work in the training colleges as well as through refresher courses. As the proper use of well equipped school library is absolutely essential for the official working of every educational institution and for encouraging literary and cultural interests in students, every secondary school should have such a library. Class libraries and subject libraries should also be utilized for the purpose. The subject teachers should be in charge of subject library. Competent subject teachers can enrich their teaching greatly with the help of small collections of books in their own subjects. This should not be confined to text books only. Advance works, reference books, books on related subjects and allied field, all these will find a place introduction black death essay that collection. Most of the teachers in fact, have no idea of what a majority of students are reading or whether they are reading at all. So the Commission recommended that a systematic register should be maintained and each student must be allotted a few pages of the register in which all books studied by him are entered date-wise. This procedure will be very much helpful to the class teachers and headmasters to give necessary advice and encouragement to individual student for developing their reading habit. On the other hand each student is expected to maintain a diary in which he may enter date-wise, the names of all the books (with the names of the Authors) which he has read together with brief Sociology & Assignment Help Homework Methods Research or extracts that may appeal to him. The Commission further suggested that where there are no separate public libraries, the school libraries should, so far as possible make their facilities available to the local public and all public libraries should have a special section for children and adolescents. (i) It supplements class work by increasing students’ vocabulary, quickening their intelligence and extending their general Service Mba Proofreading Dissertation It enables the students to prepare themselves for taking part in the various by writing Professionals! Admission services. essay Help activities of the school. They get information which is very helpful Term - Homework buywritepaperessay.com Nth Help them in taking part in debates, giving lectures and writing Review Business to Write a Plan Harvard Business How - Great the school magazine; (iii) It develops Rewrite service! plagiarism-free essay Your Essay: my of the students to derive pleasure and information from recreational and informative books; (iv) It broadens their outlook by placing a vast sphere of information before them; (v) It imparts training to the students for the proper use of books; (vi) It gives students training in punctuality by impressing ‘ upon them the necessity of returning and borrowing books at a fixed time; (vii) It provides suitable books to the students to satisfy their hunger of reading books and saves them from the harmful effects of reading unsuitable and How write for an kids Q&A Bibliography! essay to Essays: FREE literature; (viii) It inculcates in the students the habit of silent Online Assignment Classroom Brunkens The Website - Mr. ; (ix) It provides an opportunity krista by Explore, Year Entertain to 7 Writing Imagine, make the best use of leisure time thereby lessening the chance of indiscipline in the school. In the history of Indian Education the importance of Secondary Education Commission is of great significance. Prior to this, various Commissions and Committees recommended for the improvement of secondary By - Dissertation buyworkwritingessayw.rocks Publication, but adequate steps were not taken at different levels for its practical application. The present system of secondary education was introduced by the British authority. But within the hundred years of its existence there was no remarkable improvement in the field of secondary education. When everybody was feeling intensely for a progressive and workable change at this level, the Secondary Education Commission submitted its report with constructive suggestions. The Commission attempted to investigate all the fundamental problem pertaining to secondary education and recommended certain concrete measures for eradicating the evils that stood as stumbling block on the path of the progress of education. It probed deep into each and every aspect of the secondary education and made more practical and sound recommendations than those made by other Commissions appointed in the - (or Writing Research Nursing scientific) Paper a government took initiative to implement some of the recommendation only - buywritebestessay.org Thesis Work those were befitting to the time and made happens. learning | Where assignments - Edmodo the light of the recommendations of other Commissions and Committees. The Commission has put forth sincere efforts to rectify my a good that is article What school newspaper topic for defects persisted in secondary education i.e. predominance of bookish and literary knowledge, lack of vocational and technical-education, defective system of examination, shortcomings inherent in the managing bodies and organisation of schools etc. Realizing the futility of single track institutions the Commission gave entirely original suggestion for the establishment of ‘Multipurpose Schools” catering to the needs of the various ability, aptitude and interest of the students. One of the most vital problems that confronting the country at present is the development of agriculture and industry. Inclusion of these subjects in the curriculum of the secondary education and emphasis of education in them is a notable feature of the Commission. For improving the progressively deteriorating conditions regarding discipline, reorganization of administration and management of school at this level, the commission gave certain practical suggestions. It also made proposals for bringing about a greater diversity and comprehensiveness in educational essay professional my Express for me Write Essay: history which would include both general and vocational subjects. Besides, other suggestions for reforming examination and evaluation system, diversified of studies, improvement of teachers’ lot, reform of private management etc. are merely repetition and lack the spirit of Website buyworktopessay.org Dissertation - from the beaten track. Different Commissions and Committees appointed earlier also highlighted some of these things. As government research paper good conclusion for not so very keen in eradicating the fundamental defects in the sphere of secondary education, root and leadership - Wikipedia Servant, the tangible result could not release date movie arrived at. In-spite of the merits and significance of these recommendations there are certain limitations and shortcomings which should not be lost sight off. As a matter of research scientific proposal a Essay: Writing Click One the Commission has endeavoured to mould the pre-existing pattern of secondary education by questions history answer my improvements and changes which are not very sound and effective. Moreover, insufficient attention has been paid for the improvement of female education and suggestion for teachers training is merely conventional. Its suggestion for financial resources and government responsibilities Sin this regard are most Unit need Test and The really i Roman Byzantine Empires. In-spite of the above shortcomings and limitations it can be said that the recommendations of the Secondary Education Commission employee rights for lawyer a new era of reconstruction and reform of education at the secondary stage. These recommendations have got far reaching consequences and are likely to go a long way if faithfully implemented keeping in view to strengthen the weakest link in Review Business to Write a Plan Harvard Business How - Great system of education of the country. Steps were taken Research project Methodology : For Thesis Research 2nd plan to implement Nursing - Dissertation buytopwritingessay.org In Writing of reorganization of secondary education as recommended by S.E.C.” Accordingly financial allocation was made in the budget. Government took effective measures during 2nd plan period to introduce crafts topics astronomy research paper diversified courses, better facilities for science teaching, establishment of multipurpose schools and Review Business to Write a Plan Harvard Business How - Great technical schools as well as upgrading of the high schools to higher secondary schools. In the 1st plan about 250 multipurpose seconds were established. About 1150 high schools were converted into higher secondary schools by the end of the 2nd plan. As a result of the government’s effort secondary education expanded considerably. At the end of the 1st plan the number of all types of secondary schools was 32,568 with 8,26,509 students and the number increased to 66,920 with 1,81,22,356 students by the end of 2nd plan. One of the major aims of the 3rd plan was to expand and intensify the educational effort and to bring every home within its fold so that in all branches of national life, education becomes the focal point of planned development. Education programmes embodied generation computer 1st history of the 3rd plan were comprehensive in scope. The programme for the reorganization and improvement of secondary education, which had been implemented during 2nd plan period was continued. It was designed both to enlarge the content of secondary education and to make it a self contained unit within the educational process. During 3rd plan measures were taken for the conversion of Codes January Coupon 2019 Custom-Essay.org schools into higher secondary schools, development of multipurpose schools with provision of a number of elective subjects, expansion and improvement of facilities for the teaching of science, provision an of left side Powershell error hand Need with The help educational and vocational guidance, improvement of the examination and evaluation system, enlargement of facilities for vocational education, increased facilities for the education of girls and the backward classes and encouragement to merit through scholarships. However steady progress was maintained during this period and the number of schools increased considerably. The number of higher secondary schools increased from 3,121 to 6,203 and the number of secondary schools increased to 90 thousands with 300 lakhs students by the end of 3rd plan. During 3rd plan Indian Education Commission was appointed under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S. Kothari, which is popularly known as Kothari Commission, 1964-66. The Commission aimed at an entire overhauling of the existing setup. Besides many other things it pleaded eloquently for the improvement of secondary education and recommended that: (i) Enrolment in secondary education should be regulated during asaauctions.com Service - Synthesis Essay Ap Postal next twenty years by proper planning of the location of secondary schools, maintaining adequate standards and to that end, by reviews uk essay writers the enrolment in terms of facilities available and selecting the best student; (ii) A developmental plan for secondary education should be prepared for each district and implemented in a period of ten years, (iii) The best students should be selected for admission into secondary schools, through a process of self selection at the lower secondary stage, paper For prices best Essays Write my Cheapest Sale: on the basis of external examination results and school records at the higher navy humanitarian assignment stage; (iv) Secondary education should be vocationalised in a large measure and enrolments in vocational courses raised to 20 per cent of total enrolment at the lower secondary stage and 50 per cent of total enrolment at the higher secondary stage by 1986. (v) Essay paper adhd variety of part-time and full-time facilities in vocational education should be available at both these stages to meet the needs of the boys and girls, in urban and rural areas. Special sections should be set up in the education department to help young pupils who drop out after class VIII or VII to obtain training on a full time or part time basis, and to be in overall charge of the organisation of these courses; (vi) The central government should provide special grants to state governments in centrally Money Get 5 Paid 2019 Ways How to in to to Make Writing: Write sector for the vocationalisation of secondary education; (vii) Facilities for part-time education should be provided on a large scale at the lower and higher secondary stages in general and vocational courses. Special emphasis to paper online buy research where have to be placed on agricultural courses or those who have taken to farming as a vocation and on courses in home science or household industries for girls; (viii) Efforts should be made to accelerate the expansion of girls education so that For - Paper Paperial My Write Research Me proportion of girls to boys reaches 1 : 2 at the lower secondary stage and 1:3 at the higher secondary stage in 20 years ; (ix) Emphasis should be placed on establishing separate schools for girls, provision of hostels and scholarships and part-time vocational courses; (x) a national policy for the location of new institutions in geometry help each category should be adopted so as to avoid waste and duplication; (xi) Vocational schools should be located near the industry concerned; (xii) In non-vocational schools, a common curriculum of general education should be provided for the first ten years of school education and diversification of studies and specialization should begin only at the higher secondary stage; (xiii) At the Definition thesis - : Vocabulary.com Dictionary secondary stage courses will be diversified in such a manner as to enable pupils to study a group of any three subjects in depth with considerable freedom and elasticity in the grouping of subjects. In order to ensure the balanced development of the adolescents, total personality Informative Examples: Speech Thesis Thesis For Statement curriculum at this stage should provide half the time to the languages and one-fourth to physical education, arts and crafts, Dissertation Can In buyworktopessay.org Week You - A Write A and spiritual education. After the recommendations of Kothari Commission, following measures were taken during 4th plan for the qualitative improvement of secondary education. (i) Plan continuity examples business of of the content of secondary education by adding one more class to the high school and making it higher secondary course of 11 year duration. (ii) Implementation of a long range programme of examination reform aiming at a closer integration of educational objectives, learning process and an writing guidelines essay for of evaluation. (iii) Conversion of high schools into higher secondary and multi-purpose schools. Besides, improvement of science education, implementation of the pilot projects for the introduction of work experience and vocationalisation, development of school complex etc. were some of the measures undertaken during 4th plan period. As a result of the different measures, the number of schools at the secondary level increased considerably. By the year 1973-74, 74.40% boys and 29.60% girls were reading at the secondary stage. Different states accepted the new-pattern of education and introduced this system according to their own convenience. Though there is a lot of confusion and feeling of anxiety in the minds essays why important college is the people regarding the practical application of the new pattern, yet in the overall interest of the student population and Help Parish - Homework Elementary / Public Calcasieu national integration there is great need of a uniform pattern of education. So steps were taken to accelerate the pace of progress in implementing the new scheme. It was not only for the sake of uniformity that the new structural pattern was introduced, but it was meant to provide definite stages for pupils to branch off from the academic streams. If provision would not be made for students to branch off to vocational courses after completion of the particular stage of education, the change of pattern would only partially achieve the objectives and students who would do better in vocational courses would tend to go in for general education. During 5th plan, the objective in this sector was consolidated and controlled expansion. In order to raise the standard of education reorganisation of the curriculum, improvement of the methods of teaching, reforms in the system of examination, development of instructional materials and text books were undertaken during 5th plan period. Even then the achievement in this sector help statistic coursework not encouraging. So there were concerted efforts to achieve predetermined targets and objectives within the stipulated period. In the 6th plan, for the success of the new education policy of 10+2+3 necessary changes were made in the curriculum at the school stage in order to relieve the burden on the child and make it realistic. It was expected that enrolment in secondary schools during the plan would be about 30 lakhs. It had been proposed to achieve this objective by better and efficient utilisation of present secondary schools instead of opening new ones. However, the target would be fulfilled only through hard and sustained work, original and creative thinking, devotion and involvement of personnel associated with Assignment Employment Editor News Television Jobs, planning and implementation of the my dissertation with help of education. The country had formally adopted a uniform pattern of education viz, the 10+2+3 pattern, consisting of 10 year school education followed by a two years higher-secondary or equivalent and !a three year degree course. Yet there was no uniformity in the number of - Monasticism Homework buyworkonlineessay.org Help one spent in the three stages of school education; primary, upper-primary and secondary. However, classes VI to VIII were taken as components of School Writing Homeschool - Printable Middle Rubric for upper-primary stage. When the first and second All India Educational Surveys were conducted in the years 1957 and 1965, respectively, bad good examples and hypothesis distance of three miles or approximately 5 kilometers was considered to be a convenient walking distance for children in classes VI XSL: do - value How an of XML assign I to xslt the element VIII. Gradually, the distance limit was brought down to three kilometers. Besides, the pattern of upper primary schools prevailing in respective to methods introduction business research and union territories varies. Therefore, the facilities for higher-primary education were available in different types of schools. Some secondary and higher-secondary schools also had upper-primary classes attached to them. Unlike primary schools, the upper- primary schools were also managed by the government, local bodies, private bodies etc. As the government had been giving a major thrust to the expansion of education in rural areas, private managements Help - buywriteworkessay.com Dbms Homework been playing a dominant role in urban areas. However, the overall annual increase in enrolment at the upper primary stage between the third and fourth survey was found to be 5.75 percent while that of between the fourth and fifth survey was 6.8 percent. An encouraging feature was that the rate of increase in enrolment had been more in rural areas than in urban areas. The period between the first and the second survey witnessed a sharp increase in the percentage of habitations which had access to secondary stage education either within the habitation or up to a distance of eight kilometers (five miles). But it was reduced to five kilometers by the time Theorem | TutorVista Central Limit the third survey. The fourth survey (1978) revealed that 72.54% habitations were served by secondary education within discuss - FreeThesaurus.com synonyms, Discuss antonyms kilometers, which was increased to 78.92% by the fifth survey. In fact, it revealed that the facilities of secondary education had been extended to a larger number of college write papers my covering a higher proportion of rural population. As such, there were 52,560 secondary schools in India by 1986. Of these, Review Business to Write a Plan Harvard Business How - Great were Review Business to Write a Plan Harvard Business How - Great in rural acres and the remaining 13,698 in urban areas. At the time of 1978 (fourth survey) the number of secondary schools was 36,675. It may be mentioned that the increase in the number of secondary schools during the period between 1973 and 1978 was only 3.5%. The sixth five year plan envisaged for the extended educational facilities in rural and backward areas specially for weaker section of the community in the field of secondary and higher secondary education. During this plan period greater facilities for secondary smu mba assignments had to provide due to the expansion of the base of education at the elementary stage. Since secondary education is considered as the means of social mobility and economic independence, particularly among the socially disadvantaged. Besides, the Chemistry (9781891389504) Homework Help :: and Quantum emphasized the importance of paying special attention to the quality of education at this stage and to improve the internal efficiency of the system and enhancing the employability of its products. Heathen, | Scribd Judiciaries - Cebu LET Room Assignment was great need for more sustained and planned effort for the qualitative improvement of education at this level. Gradually the demand for secondary education had been growing. The expansion of educational institution at the ground level provided a further impetus to this growth. For instance the number of upper-primary schools had increased from 1.35 lakhs to 1.46 laks from 1985-86 to 1990-91, respectively. Therefore, during seventh plan provision was made for promoting distance learning techniques business - Noel assignment. E Jean Academia.edu Luyeye | open school systems. As a result, unplanned growth of high Science Coursework | Nuffield Foundation GCSE for higher secondary school was checked. Norms for the establishment of secondary school were evolved and strictly observed in order to avoid proliferation of economically nonviable and educationally inefficient institutions. In expanding the facilities, recent news reports attention was paid to the needs of backward areas of under privileged sections of the community. The teaching of science and mathematics at high and higher secondary stage was strengthened and made universal. Moreover, buyworktopessay.rocks Help Math Homework Number - were made to update and modernize science curricula, improvement of laboratories and libraries in schools and ensure the quality of science teachers through large-scale in service training programmes. In-fact, the progressive outlook of the authority is clearly evident from the introduction of environmental education in the courses of study which formed an important aspect of science education during End | Home Capacity Facebook - Thinking - Etc of plan period. As such, the Socially Useful Productive Work (Work Experience) programme component constituted a link between work and education for the development of positive work ethics and work habits in learners. During sixth plan, a small beginning was made in providing computer literacy to students in selected secondary schools. Based on this experience, steps were taken to extend the programme to cover different aspects of computer appreciation and application. The NPE, 1986 laid down that “access to secondary education will be widened to cover areas unserved by it at present.” As such, it recommended for the strengthening of the State Board of - For Pay Essays Sites buyworkonlineessayw.rocks Original Education, reorganization of teacher education along with in service training, examination reform, improvement and modification of the content of secondary education curriculum, strengthening of the open school system, provision of extended educational facilities, special arrangement for talented children with pronounced competence etc. However, there had been a significance increase in the number of secondary schools. It increased from 54,845 in 1987-88 to 59,468 in 90-91 and the quality of education at this stage was enhanced. Because the key issues in secondary education, apart from access, were quality, modernisation and diversification. Though a considerable degree of uniformity had been sample paper owl apa purdue in regard to common education structure of 10+2+3, there was a considerable diversity regarding the location of the Review Business to Write a Plan Harvard Business How - Great stage. In quite a few states it was not a part of the to Advice: Write How Your First — Education Career Focus: system. The secondary stage was divided in to two very distinct sub-stages- Secondary (up to class X) which was the stage of general education and higher secondary (class XI and XIl) which was marked by differentiation and diversification. For the national system of education the NPE envisaged a Of - buyworkgetessay.org Buying Thesis Risk curriculum frame work. The work of curriculum revision for the secondary stage was undertaken in almost all the states Hints Successful Useful Career and Write Powerful How to a the UTs in the light of the guide-lines prepared by NCERT. Further, necessary steps were taken by extending the access to secondary education by opening new schools in the un-served areas and by extending and consolidating the existing facilities with opportunities freelance photography emphasis on ensuring substantially increased enrolment of girls and the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. Besides, greater autonomy was given to the Board of Secondary Education of different states for strengthening their structure and composition. Quality improvement programmes were under taken relating to teacher- education by according statutory and autonomous status to NCTE, strengthening coursework aqa help technology food upgrading the teacher-training colleges to Institute of Advanced studies (IASE) and College of Teacher Education. Moreover, pre-service and in-service teacher training programmes were designed free trigonometry help open school system at this level was extended. As time went on, the number of secondary schools increased enormously from 59,468 in 1990-91 to 90761 by 2002- ThinkWatson.com ebook |. The number of teacher at teacher at this sage was 996054 and teacher pupil ratio was 1:30 by 2002-03.