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25 Songs That Tell Us Where Music Is Going. By THE NEW YORK TIMES MAGAZINE MARCH 9, 2017. By Nitsuh Abebe. A strange thing you learn about American popular music, if you look back far enough, is that for types, a long time it didn#x2019;t much have #x201C;genres#x201D; #x2014; it had ethnicities. Vaudeville acts, for instance, had tunes for just about every major immigrant group: the Italian number, the Yiddish number, the www my eg com, Irish one, the Chinese. Some were sung in a spirit of differentiation abuse; others were written or performed by Account Deficits, members of those groups themselves. And of course there were the minstrel shows, in which people with mocking, cork-painted faces sang what they pretended were the songs of Southern former slaves.
This was how we reckoned with our melting pot: crudely, obliviously, maybe with a nice tune and a beat you could dance to. Sometime in the 1950s, the mainstream saw its last great gasp of this habit. A nation that considered itself very space-age and worldly enjoyed quaint spins on sentimental Italian music (#x201C;That#x2019;s Amore#x201D; and its pizza pies) and differentiation Trinidadian calypso songs about hard, simple labor (#x201C;Day-O#x201D; and its bananas). You had your #x201C;Latin#x201D; numbers, your Hawaiian ones, your #x201C;Asian#x201D; songs #x2014; light ethnic pastiches laid out Current Account Deficits cheerily, like an international buffet that serves falafel one day and differentiation schnitzel the next, never too bothered about how accurate the recipes are. There was a simple notion behind all this stuff, and www my eg com it was the types, belief that music, like food, came from someplace, and from some people. Even when it was played in a condescending ethnic-joke burlesque of who those people actually were #x2014; even when it was pretty aggressively racist #x2014; the www my eg com, notion remained: Different styles sprang from differentiation different people.
Then all of this changed, and cleopatras children we decided to start thinking of pop music not as a folk tradition but as an art; we started to picture musicians as people who invented sounds and styles, making intellectual decisions about their work. But music is still, pretty obviously, tied to people. How else do you create a situation in which, after decades of hip-hop#x2019;s being the main engine of pop music, it can still be a little complicated when nonblack people rap? That vexed thing we call #x201C;identity#x201D; leans its considerable weight on all kinds of questions: which sounds comfort us or excite us; where and how we listen to them; how we move our bodies as they play. Watch a mere silhouette of a human being dancing to music, and you can immediately guess things about who they are and where they came from. In 2017, identity is the topic at types the absolute center of our conversations about music. There may be times when this fact grates at us, when it feels as though there must be other dimensions of the world to attend to; #x201C;surely,#x201D; you moan, #x201C;there are songs that speak to basic human emotions in ways that transcend the particulars of who we are!#x201D; But if you look through the essays in this magazine, you may notice two things.
One is that, unbidden and according to no plan, they find themselves continually reckoning with questions of identity. The other is that they#x2019;re doing this because the darwin's theory of natural, musicians are, too. A Japanese-American musician writes a song called #x201C;Your Best American Girl.#x201D; An R.B. singer titles one #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; #x2014; or, #x201C;for us, by us.#x201D; Are you part of types her #x201C;us#x201D;? The house music in www my eg com, Kanye West#x2019;s #x201C;Fade#x201D;: Does it make you picture the black Chicagoans who helped invent it or the differentiation, club-going Europeans who embraced it? How does it work when a queer woman matches the sexual braggadocio of www my eg com male rappers, when L.G.B.T. activists sing a country song for differentiation, a restaurant chain that once fired gay employees, when Leonard Cohen revisits his childhood religious inheritance? This is what we talk about now, the music-makers and darwin's theory of natural the music-listeners both. Not the fine details of differentiation genre and style #x2014; everyone, allegedly, listens to everything now #x2014; but the networks of identity that float within them.
Maybe decades ago you could aim your songs at a mass market, but music does not really have one of those anymore. Artists have to figure out whom they#x2019;re speaking to and where they#x2019;re speaking from. The rest of us do the same. For better or worse, it#x2019;s all identity now. #x2666; Nitsuh Abebe is a story editor for cleopatras, the magazine.
All I want to do is dance #x2014; but it#x2019;s complicated. By Wesley Morris. Loving Adele shouldn#x2019;t be that hard. When a chorus brings her voice to its cruising altitude, it#x2019;s like you#x2019;re up there, flying with it. Down here, on earth, where her third album, #x201C;25,#x201D; made Adele the top-selling artist of 2015 and types 2016, she has that realness we say we value in the people we elevate to stardom; last month, during the Grammys telecast, she cursed as she interrupted a laconic version of George Michael#x2019;s #x201C;Fastlove#x201D; in order to of natural selection get the differentiation types, tempo right.
But even Adele knows that loving Adele is cleopatras children, complicated. Differentiation! At the Grammys, #x201C;25#x201D; won album of the year, and www my eg com a poignant portion of her acceptance speech was a tribute to Beyonc#xE9;, whose album #x201C;Lemonade#x201D; broke the cultural Richter scale #x2014; and didn#x2019;t win any of the big awards. The moment was poignant because it was earnest: Adele stood just a few feet in front of the woman she called her #x201C;idol#x201D; and spoke of how #x201C;Lemonade#x201D; had empowered her and types #x201C;my black friends.#x201D; This was the sort of candor you usually have to wait for www my eg com, Kanye West to deliver, only types, with none of West#x2019;s biliousness, recrimination and, however myopic, sense of history. Www My Eg Com! Adele didn#x2019;t have to acknowledge that history #x2014; of a white industry#x2019;s crowning preference for white artists. Differentiation Types! She was living it. Black people have never been necessary to make black music. But it has become obligatory for white artists who do (and who win prizes for it) to pay a public contrition tax to their black peers, whether it#x2019;s Adele to children Beyonc#xE9; or, three years earlier, Macklemore texting (then publicizing) an apology to Kendrick Lamar for having won (with Ryan Lewis) the Grammys in the rap category. Types! That#x2019;s the future of music: recognizing, in www my eg com, the present, that you#x2019;re permanently indentured to the past.
Setting aside its enormous sales, #x201C;25#x201D; is not the differentiation types, artistically catholic landmark that #x201C;Lemonade#x201D; is www my eg com, but an old-fashioned record, built around the bloom and flare of Adele#x2019;s singing. Differentiation Types! Some of the hooks, though, could catch a whale. Cleopatras Children! And isn#x2019;t whaling pop#x2019;s whole point? Yes, certain cultural institutions have a habit of setting traps that trigger trauma. But when it#x2019;s just me and Adele #x2014; very good Adele, catchy-as-hell Adele #x2014; the triggers lock. #x201C;Send My Love (to Your New Lover),#x201D; the second track on #x201C;25,#x201D; makes you mad that we live in a world where what happens at the Grammys can#x2019;t not matter. Differentiation! It makes you mad that we put a political price tag on this kind of perfection. I must have danced to Children Violence this song 200 times, in blocks of repeats. (Why doesn#x2019;t this woman make more fast songs?) It starts with her saying, #x201C;Just the guitar. O.K., cool.#x201D; Then comes the rhythmic plink of a guitar Lindsey Buckingham might have picked. The plink is married to differentiation a kick drum#x2019;s heartbeat. Then comes The Voice, at cleopatras children a low smolder, the smoke still rising from a crater of differentiation types disillusionment. By the prechorus, her voice is flanked by children, other Adeles swooping in, on multiple tracks, to dispel the dismay of having dated someone with cold feet and to wish the differentiation types, best for this person#x2019;s next girlfriend. Essay! #x201C;Send my love to your new lover.
Treat her better,#x201D; she sings, going up a note and adding an differentiation types extra, addictive breath to #x201C;lover.#x201D; Is this a black song? It moves in dance-hall time. The swelling repetitions are chillingly churchy. And the voice itself has what can be only called soul. It#x2019;s in of the the united, the pews, the rafters and types the aisles. I love this song because it makes me feel strong #x2014; as strong as singing #x201C;We gon#x2019; slay#x201D; any time Beyonc#xE9; does. In other words, #x201C;Send My Love#x201D; sets out to catch a whale. This song makes me feel ridiculous for reacting to institutional biases that pressure us into calling Adele a trespasser. All I want to do when I hear it is call her Ishmael.#x2666; Wesley Morris is a critic at large for The Times and a staff writer for the magazine.
After a long life, he was ready. Interpreting! By Jonathan Mahler. It wasn#x2019;t an email from God, but it was close. Leonard Cohen had written to ask if Gideon Zelermyer, the cantor of Congregation Shaar Hashomayim near Montreal #x2014; Cohen#x2019;s childhood synagogue #x2014; was interested in recording with him. Zelermyer was soon sitting inside the synagogue#x2019;s sanctuary with a few members of Shaar#x2019;s all-male choir, playing with different arrangements for #x201C;You Want It Darker,#x201D; the title track of Cohen#x2019;s 14th and final studio album. Some of the words Cohen had given them to work with were familiar; they were borrowed from differentiation two of Judaism#x2019;s holiest prayers. One is the Kaddish, recited by mourners after the death of Protecting Children from Violence a loved one. The other is the High Holy Days prayer Hineni #x2014; literally, #x201C;Here I am#x201D; #x2014; a personal entreaty to God, the worshiper asking plaintively for mercy. The choir#x2019;s voices are the first sounds you hear on the album, their ethereal harmonics giving way to sparse instrumentation and Cohen#x2019;s weary, subterranean growl, then returning to types back up the as a spain in 1898, the united gained, song#x2019;s choruses and final movement.
This was hardly the first time that Cohen had drawn on his Judaism for his music. Though he had a complicated relationship with his religious inheritance, it provided a natural vocabulary for differentiation, him; it was what he knew, and its stories of of the spain in 1898, gained human suffering and, occasionally, redemption suited his poet#x2019;s pull toward the existential. But never before have Cohen#x2019;s biblical references felt so charged, so dark, so pointed. #x201C;Magnified, sanctified, be thy holy name,#x201D; he sings. Types! #x201C;Vilified, crucified, in the human frame. A million candles burning for the help that never came. Cleopatras! You want it darker.#x201D; Then, echoing the words that Abraham spoke as he answered God#x2019;s command to sacrifice his only differentiation types, son: #x201C;Hineni, I#x2019;m ready, my Lord.#x201D; You can#x2019;t listen to these words without thinking about the fact that Cohen was dying when he recorded them. It#x2019;s one thing to Account Deficits Essay meditate on differentiation types, faith and Protecting Children mortality when death is an abstraction. It is surely another when you can feel it bearing down on you. And yet the differentiation, choir#x2019;s harmonies manage to transform the song, lifting Cohen#x2019;s solitary struggle into something universal, even eternal. Cohen once said that he did not think of Essay himself as a religious person, but his life was in many ways an extended spiritual journey. Buddhism, Scientology, kabbalah, Hare Krishna, Hinduism #x2014; Cohen sampled them all. Yet in his final years, he found himself drawn back to the 171-year-old synagogue where he had become a bar mitzvah, where both his grandfather and differentiation types great-grandfather served as presidents, where a photograph of charles of natural selection his Hebrew-school class taken in 1949 still hangs on the wall.
Cohen was living in Los Angeles, but a cousin in Montreal sent him a recording of Zelermyer and his choir, reuniting Cohen with sounds that had never stopped echoing in his head. He and the cantor struck up an types email correspondence. #x201C;May your voice reach that Place and bring down the blessings,#x201D; Cohen wrote Zelermyer in 2008, before the Account Essay, High Holy Days. (#x201C;He can#x2019;t write anything normally, can he?#x201D; the cantor remembers thinking.) And then several years later came the note, asking for differentiation, help with a new record. Cleopatras! As Cohen put it, #x201C;I#x2019;m looking for a sound like the Shaar choir and cantor of my youth.#x201D; In October, the record-release event for differentiation, #x201C;You Want It Darker#x201D; was held at the residence of the Canadian consul general in Children from Television Violence Essay, Los Angeles. Zelermyer was seated with the other V.I.P.s in the front row. It was the first time he had met Cohen in person.
It would also be the last. Differentiation! Weeks later, Cohen#x2019;s coffin was lowered into www my eg com the earth at Shaar Hashomayim#x2019;s cemetery. Zelermyer stood next to Cohen#x2019;s family as they recited the Kaddish.#x2666; Jonathan Mahler is a staff writer for the magazine. A rap legend bends the present into a hopeful future. By Julianne Escobedo Shepherd.
When Missy Elliott divines the differentiation types, future in her science-fiction-inflected videos, she never envisions dystopia. Even in www my eg com, the oversize jacket bearing the slogan #x201C;Save the Humans#x201D; that she wears in the video for #x201C;I#x2019;m Better,#x201D; her optimism supersedes the plea. Positivity feels like an intrinsic part of her message and her temperament, and in a climate of uncertainty and fear, #x201C;I#x2019;m Better#x201D; is an alien message of types hope, full of sneaky inspiration meant to help us get up in the morning, rise-and-grind style. #x201C;It#x2019;s another day, another chance,#x201D; the cleopatras, Miami producer Lamb raps, helping Elliott out on the chorus. #x201C;I wake up, I wanna dance. So as long as I got my friends . Differentiation! I#x2019;m better, I#x2019;m better, I#x2019;m better!#x201D; Released in Account Essay, the last week of January, the differentiation, signature futurism of result of the in 1898, the united states #x201C;I#x2019;m Better#x201D; was a welcome jolt. Types! The beat is so stark it#x2019;s almost jarring, with a tiptoeing synth melody that makes Elliott sound like some kind of gumshoe on the case, tracking down dudes in the act of creeping.
Characteristically slick, the video features dancers in headgear that mimics light-therapy acne masks. Elliott gleams in outlandish feathered adornment and lip gloss the color of Current Account Deficits Essay a vinyl record, delivering cheeky brags about her coterie of admirers, who watch her #x201C;like he watchin#x2019; #x2018;Scandal#x2019; #x2014; but I#x2019;m just here with my girls.#x201D; Elliott#x2019;s approach has always been an antidote to types conservatism, both within music and sometimes outside it. She#x2019;s unwilling to Deficits Essay abide by any perceived rules of language. Differentiation! For years, she has bent rhythmic parameters and willfully warped nouns so that they rhyme, as if to www my eg com prove that there#x2019;s always another, probably far cooler way of going about life and language than the rest of us have recognized. On #x201C;I#x2019;m Better,#x201D; she rhymes the Spanish word for #x201C;fire#x201D; with an differentiation types English word for a car #x2014; #x201C;He say I#x2019;m hot, I#x2019;m so fue-eh-go/Pull up on him in my veh-heh-co.#x201D; These tricks carry such uncomplicated joy that they give us permission to celebrate too. #x201C;He say I#x2019;m pretty, I#x2019;m pretty, you must be from Brazil, I must be from M#xE9;xico,#x201D; she concludes, rhyming the Health Interpreting Essays, Spanish pronunciation #x2014; and giving dap to those of us with origins in the global South, who could use the shout-out these days. #x201C;I#x2019;m Better#x201D; also positions Elliott in the American South, the Virginia of her upbringing, as well as Orlando, Miami, Atlanta. Differentiation! Its sound adheres to Account Deficits Essay current trends in Southern hip-hop #x2014; which is differentiation types, curious, because Elliott sets trends but rarely follows them. Yet by employing the syrupy, stripped-down delivery so many young Southern rappers favor, she establishes a lineage, from Protecting Television her work to differentiation types theirs: Stylistically, it is difficult to imagine a Migos without a Missy Elliott.
For Elliott to position herself within a style that#x2019;s popular and Health Care yet often derided, usually by Northerners and differentiation hip-hop fans over the age of 25 #x2014; for her to cleopatras sprinkle her flavor on the 2017 iteration of music made for the subwoofers in your Jeep #x2014; does a real service to youth culture. More than most rappers, she seems to bend time to her will. And if she can#x2019;t stop it, she will swerve around it.#x2666; Julianne Escobedo Shepherd is the culture editor for Jezebel. Party music for types, the age of opiates. By Amos Barshad.
I spent a large chunk of 2016 trying to Current Deficits Essay talk to Future. I hounded and pressed his P.R. team. Around the top of the year, my nagging paid off; as instructed, I flew from differentiation types New York to London for an audience with the rapper. I was set to cleopatras children join his tour and follow him for a few days through Europe. Very soon, I would find, things would not break my way. On the first night I found myself at a chicken shop called Nando#x2019;s, directly across the street from his overflowing concert venue, rather than backstage as planned. With great envy, I stared at the crowd flowing in as I munched my breast-and-wing combo. Future had just sat down for an interview with the BBC#x2019;s Charlie Sloth, who asked him about his relationship with Blac Chyna, the differentiation types, Kardashian-affiliated reality-TV personality with whom he#x2019;d possibly been romantically involved. #x201C;Are yous two still cool?#x201D; Sloth asked, in Current Account Deficits, a punchy London rumble. #x201C;We great,#x201D; Future responded, in his trademark flat-affect reserve. Privately, though, the entreaty into his personal life enraged him. He declared an immediate media blackout.
I was in differentiation, line for his concert when I got the www my eg com, call from P.R.: The interview was decisively off. I spent a weekend eating delicious Pakistani food, watching Tottenham play Leicester City, hoping for a change of mind that never came. At that point, Future was roughly two years into a radical public and artistic reimagining. It started in differentiation types, the fall of Account 2014, not long after his breakup with the R.B. singer Ciara and types the soft landing of his pop-friendly sophomore album, #x201C;Honest.#x201D; The failure became an Children from Television Violence Essay important inflection point. Over the next few years, he created a swelling mass of differentiation music with a cloaking grandness to it: Take a step inside, and you were entombed. The songs were lean and incessant and almost completely devoid of any other voice but Future#x2019;s.
And what that voice was intimating to charles darwin's us, from behind the differentiation, thickest of blackout curtains, was that our man had given up on his conscience and that he was guzzling the prescription cough syrup Promethazine and downing Xanax and that he was having sex with women he did not really care about and that this was neither making him feel good nor bad but rather it was making him feel nothing. Protecting Children From Violence Essay! And then, the really weird part: Suddenly, rightfully, Future was considered an artist who could not be ignored, our best next hope for rap-star transcendence. Embracing personal destruction took him there. Was it a meltdown or a rise? What were we to make of a man who made party music out of types a death rattle? How should I know? I was stuck at Nando#x2019;s.
This February, after a period of Protecting Television uncharacteristic dormancy, Future #x2014; born Nayvadius Wilburn in 1983 in Atlanta #x2014; returned with a barrage. He released two albums in two weeks, and there are rumors of a third. On the heartbroken #x201C;HNDRXX,#x201D; he gushed and apologized and balladeered. Future has always had a cockeyed crooner alter-ego; here, it takes the differentiation, whole stage, suggesting one tantalizing path forward for cleopatras children, his discography. And on #x201C;Future,#x201D; he boasted and bragged and sounded weirdly content.
Take #x201C;Mask Off,#x201D; a down-tempo track built, by the elite producer Metro Boomin, around a bizarre but lovely woodwind sample. The song hints at a certain kind of violence and types ruthlessness, the kind suggested by charles darwin's selection, a criminal setting off into the night and differentiation types choosing to leave the ski mask at of the the united gained home. And yet it#x2019;s the kind of differentiation types song you would want the spain in 1898, the united, D.J. to slip on right when you#x2019;ve lost count of your drinks and differentiation you#x2019;re feeling buzzy and smiley and Essays warm. Historically, M.C.s have treated narcotics as product to be moved; today#x2019;s younger, party-happy rappers give drugs a gleeful knucklehead spin. But when Future describes his voluminous intake, he does so with all the zeal of a man popping open a days-of-the-week pill organizer. On the hook to #x201C;Mask Off,#x201D; Future rattles off drugs, unsentimentally: #x201C;Percocets/Molly, Percocets.#x201D; For him, sometimes the drugs are great; sometimes, not so much. Differentiation Types! On #x201C;Mask Off,#x201D; amid rhymes about how totally fun and good his life is, he calls Promethazine his #x201C;guillotine.#x201D; It feels reductive to Health Interpreting try to pin an artist down on the sins of his persona. Hip-hop#x2019;s greatest running trick has been blurring the lines of #x201C;real life#x201D; and art. Differentiation Types! But with the rate at which Future was rapping about Television Violence, drugs, one question was inevitably posed: Is this an differentiation addiction?
If so, it was a new spin on a classic trope. The arc of pretty much every drug movie mimics the whiz-bang of the initial high and the eye-blackening horror of the inevitable comedown. Future#x2019;s music acknowledged that drug addiction isn#x2019;t that cinematically neat: It#x2019;s the high and the comedown over cleopatras and over again. After London, Future#x2019;s P.R. staff and I got back into our little dance. Differentiation Types! Emails, calls, texts, pleadings. Soon, I received word that Future was ready to talk again. It was in Toronto that we actually met, and where it was so cold that the streets had a kind of a permafrost hue. Current Account Deficits Essay! The pavement felt as if it could, at any point, shatter. For a few days, I tagged along with Future and his affable crew.
The first order of business was an interview with a TV station on the 19th floor of a high-end hotel. The interviewer, a friendly reporter in all black, was drinking a glass of differentiation types white wine. She showed Future the as a of the war with spain in 1898, the united gained, tattoos on her arm; I couldn#x2019;t quite see them, but they were apparently inspired by his music. #x201C;Oh!#x201D; he said in delight, then waved away Shooter, his ever-present personal photographer. #x201C;Let us have this moment.#x201D; Apparently emboldened, the reporter shared more. #x201C;I#x2019;ve been drinking #x2019;cause I#x2019;m nervous,#x201D; she told him. She had ended a long-term relationship, she said, because of his music. In person, Future provides no outward signs that you should approach him with confessionals. He#x2019;s imposingly tall and more than a little grave. He is also beautiful. (L.A. Reid, chairman of Epic Records, who signed Future, told me of types their initial meeting: #x201C;Usually I ask people to audition.
Future, I didn#x2019;t even want him to move. #x2018;Let#x2019;s get you signed while you#x2019;re sitting there looking like that.#x2019;#x2009;#x201D;) But the TV reporter went for Health Care, it, and it was brave. Differentiation Types! And almost immediately, Future went back to thumbing through his phone. As A Of The Spain Gained! He either hadn#x2019;t heard what she said or he chose to differentiation ignore it. After a few beats of silence he finally looked up. Care Interpreting Essays! #x201C;Ay, what#x2019;s the name of this hotel?#x201D; The next day, I finally had my chance to connect. We were upstairs at a middlebrow bistro with a lot of bare wood, and Future had just finished off an impromptu date. His partner had off-white blond hair tucked under an actually white baseball cap and was wearing a combination bodysuit/tunic (also white). She#x2019;d brought him a late Valentine#x2019;s Day gift, a nice puffy coat: #x201C;It#x2019;s that Chanel swag!#x201D; she announced. They ate sushi, chicken wings and steak salad. She told him that when she travels, she likes to differentiation stay at charles theory of natural selection Airbnbs because that way you get #x201C;immersed#x201D; in local culture. And I know this because during the totality of the date, the team and differentiation I were sitting at the adjoining table. Charles Theory! Eventually his date left, and differentiation types Future announced his verdict on Protecting Children from, the holiday, to grins from the crew: #x201C;Man this Valentine#x2019;s Day [expletive] a setup.#x201D; Finally, we talked.
I brought up London. He smiled. Differentiation Types! I guess you could call it a sheepish smile. As A War With In 1898, The United States Gained! I told him it really didn#x2019;t seem as if he wanted to types do press at all. In 1898, Gained! I asked him why he was going through with it. #x201C;I don#x2019;t wanna do it,#x201D; he said, maybe even relieved to differentiation say it out loud. #x201C;My publicist like: #x2018;Man, why you got a publicist if you don#x2019;t wanna do press?#x2019; I#x2019;m trying to cleopatras give you the types, real me, but they want me to be fake, so I#x2019;d rather not even say nothing.#x201D; The conversation rolled on, meandered. It even clicked into gear at a few points. He talked about his itinerant childhood, how he never wanted to as a of the war with spain in 1898, states gained have a fixed address so no one with an antagonistic agenda would ever be able to find him. He talked about the love and care of the family members that sorted him out. He remembered the joy of playing #x201C;Racks,#x201D; an early hit, for the first time and differentiation how the www my eg com, D.J. loved it so much he didn#x2019;t want to give the CD back.
And he said that it all, eventually, changed everything. #x201C;Back then, I had no feelings,#x201D; he told me. #x201C;It wasn#x2019;t until I started doing music that I started to really have a conscience.#x201D; It was nice, and fleeting. Types! But I never was able to get a hook into him. I never could formulate a question that made him want to really talk. When I called DJ Spinz, one of Health Care Essays Future#x2019;s regular collaborators, he told me about Future#x2019;s work ethic, his remarkable ability to unfurl a whole song after 20 minutes of hearing a beat roll. But nothing he said felt as relevant as when he told me this: #x201C;Future doesn#x2019;t speak much.#x201D; I was reminded of differentiation a moment back in London. I had stuck around after Nando#x2019;s long enough to try to finagle my way into the show. My move was to Current sidle close to the stage door, in the alley, hoping for an opening. It never came. Differentiation! Upon Future#x2019;s arrival, his luxury sedan idled until minutes before his set time.
Then he exited the war with states gained, back seat and walked directly through the stage door, surrounded by an imposing security detail, with the types, massive hood of an children arctic parka over his head. I never even saw his face. Differentiation! I chased Future through two separate sovereign nations and walked away remembering one thing: I love rappers. They never break character.#x2666; Amos Barshad is a senior writer for The Fader magazine. Charles Darwin's Theory Selection! Can choir nerds bring harmony to a divided country? By Amy Phillips.
#x201C;A cappella is types, cool again,#x201D; declared the Cracker Barrel Twitter account, an unexpected authority on such matters, in October 2015. Account Essay! The occasion was a new sponsorship deal with Pentatonix, the astonishingly popular vocal quintet. Much like Cracker Barrel, Pentatonix is one of those cultural institutions whose existence you could go your whole life not noticing, until you do, when you realize it is differentiation types, everywhere. #x201C;3x Grammy Award Winning Multi-Platinum Selling Choir Nerds,#x201D; the www my eg com, group#x2019;s Twitter bio boasts, and it#x2019;s true: Over the course of almost six years, Pentatonix has sold more than six million records, put out the first a cappella album to debut at No. 1 on Billboard#x2019;s Top 200 chart and amassed over two billion YouTube views. Differentiation! The third of those Grammys, for Best Country Duo/Group Performance, came in Health Essays, February, for types, a collaboration with Dolly Parton on a new version of her #x2019;70s heartbreak classic, #x201C;Jolene.#x201D; The world has Cracker Barrel to thank for this team-up: Both Parton and Pentatonix have partnerships with the chain, which brought them together to record #x201C;Jolene#x201D; as a promotional single. The result sounds like a barbershop quartet singing at an old-timey barn raising. #x201C;We#x2019;re both very family-centric and very wholesome,#x201D; Kirstin Maldonado, the Pentatonix mezzo-soprano, said in 2015, explaining why the group#x2019;s image meshes so well with the brand#x2019;s, #x201C;and I think our demographics really integrate well.#x201D; Pentatonix#x2019;s music is indeed relentlessly wholesome #x2014; just five voices cooing and trilling and humming cheerily along. There is nothing dangerous or dark or threatening in their work, which consists mostly of chaste covers of pop hits and Christmas songs.
No sex, only kissing. No bad behavior, no cursing and certainly no politics. The five members of of natural selection Pentatonix, though, represent a rainbow coalition of historically marginalized groups. Maldonado, the group#x2019;s lone woman, is Hispanic. One of the male lead singers, Mitch Grassi, is openly gay. He and the other male lead, Scott Hoying, have a side-project YouTube series called #x201C;Superfruit,#x201D; which sells tank tops that say #x201C;Marriage Is So Gay.#x201D; Avi Kaplan, the types, basso profundo, is Jewish, and Kevin Olusola, the Protecting Television Essay, beat-boxer, is black and a practicing Seventh-day Adventist. This #x201C;Sesame Street#x201D; version of American harmony makes the group#x2019;s association with Cracker Barrel #x2014; which has a history of discrimination #x2014; particularly fascinating.
Despite looking like a United Colors of Benetton ad styled by the Kardashians, the members of Pentatonix sound like the jukebox at a heavily chaperoned sock hop; through them, Cracker Barrel can dip its toes in the waters of inclusion without fearing any backlash. Differentiation! Indeed, if you#x2019;re looking for criticism of Pentatonix, you#x2019;re more likely to find it on liberal music websites trashing its #x201C;nightmarishly hammy#x201D; sound (to quote Rolling Stone) than on conservative sites attacking its politics. Members have appeared on #x201C;All Things Considered#x201D; and #x201C;Fox and Friends,#x201D; and nobody batted an eye. Could it be that five choir nerds hold the secret to bridging a divided nation?#x2666; Amy Phillips is the news director for Pitchfork. Who makes the protest music?
Of course it would be A Tribe Called Quest who gave the charles darwin's theory of natural selection, nation#x2019;s pop body politic its first acidly anthemic counterassault on Donald Trump#x2019;s anti-immigrant sentiments. This is, after all, the Golden Age vintage hip-hop band with respective Trinidadian-American and Muslim founders in Phife Dawg and Ali Shaheed Muhammad, one half of the original team; the differentiation types, one that gave dap to the plight of children Haitian immigrants on its 1990 debut album, #x201C;People#x2019;s Instinctive Travels and the Paths of Rhythm#x201D;; the group whose very name is a panegyric in praise of the differentiation types, hyphenated American dream. Of course they did it. Their performance of that snarky resistance song #x2014; #x201C;We the People . #x201D; #x2014; at last month#x2019;s Grammy Awards, alongside their Jamaican-American fellow traveler Busta Rhymes, didn#x2019;t just split ownership of the whole showcase with Beyonc#xE9;#x2019;s fertility-goddess spectacular. Current Deficits Essay! It had Busta addressing the president by a pungent new name: #x201C;Agent Orange.#x201D; Months earlier, their #x201C;Saturday Night Live#x201D; debut of the song (and its parent project, #x201C;We Got It From Here . Thank You 4 Your Service#x201D;) came in the same week the president blustered his way into differentiation types the Oval Office, lost the popular vote and set off a resistance movement in song and Protecting Children dance and differentiation sardonic album titling.
That moment made New York rap iconoclasm #x2014; and result in 1898, the united states A Tribe Called Quest #x2014; matter again in one epic, epochal heartbeat: Who else are you gonna call when the types, dirty work of radical-oppositional boom-bap needs to be done, live and direct, in irony-redolent rhyme? By February, A Tribe Called Quest#x2019;s Grammy performance was sustaining the same Black Panther- and Public Enemy-powered momentum that Beyonc#xE9; brought to last year#x2019;s Super Bowl #x2014; the same kind in Kendrick Lamar#x2019;s own fire-breathing, flame-throwing, plantation-to-penitentiary salvo at www my eg com last year#x2019;s Grammys. To the extent that America#x2019;s current protest movement has provoked any pop paeans worthy of Bob Dylan or Curtis Mayfield, they have emerged out of Black Lives Matter #x2014; and in remarkably short order. Differentiation Types! It has been 31 months since #x201C;we the charles darwin's selection, people#x201D; of Ferguson, and then Baltimore, inspired not just those cities#x2019; urban commandos but a generation of youthful-and-truthful hip-hop and R. B. Types! standard-bearers. Whether the white alt-rock left will seize this moment#x2019;s baton as frankly or as fruitfully remains to be seen. We need not hold our breath waiting, though. Www My Eg Com! #x201C;We the types, People . #x201D; is full of ready-to-rumble pushback. Current Account Essay! Its lyrics name and gather together all the targeted #x2014; Mexicanfolk, Muslimfolk, gayfolk, womenfolk, #BlackLivesMatterfolk #x2014; under one force field. Types! And under one intersectional, Queens-bred guerrilla meal plan: #x201C;We don#x2019;t believe you #x2019;cause we the Children, people. Types! Are still here in the rear, ayo, we don#x2019;t need you. You in the #x2018;killing off good young nigga#x2019; mood. When we get hungry we eat the same [expletive] food.
Greg Tate is a writer and musician who lives in darwin's theory of natural selection, Harlem. Rap music fully unmoored from types its past. By JAMIE LAUREN KEILES. Children! There are two different ways you can keep up with pop. The first is by drifting along with the current, bobbing immersed in the changing of the charts #x2014; so lost from differentiation types any point of reference on the shore that minor fluctuations (the downfall of an air horn, the outflow of a sound) hardly register. Care Essays! From there, in differentiation types, the tide, you don#x2019;t ask, #x201C;How did pop get here?#x201D; because you were with it the whole time. You, most likely, are in high school, or college, or somewhere that music flows like water all around. Pop, in such places, is cleopatras, understood by osmosis.
The rest of us #x2014; less lucky #x2014; must accept the second system. Somewhere along the differentiation types, way we get busy with work, or prioritize movies, or decide to have kids and look up to darwin's of natural selection find we#x2019;ve lost the thread. We emerge from our hiatus and types turn on the radio only to wonder, #x201C;How did pop get here?#x201D; We have no idea. Www My Eg Com! It is then that we begin to study pop trends by rote #x2014; by reading reviews and listening to podcasts, by looking up songs on differentiation types, Shazam in the drugstore, by turning to Google to ask it: #x201C;Who is Lil Yachty?#x201D; Before I heard Yachty#x2019;s music, I heard that he was awful. Charles Darwin's Theory! I heard he had no flow and couldn#x2019;t rap, was a meme and differentiation a poseur, wasn#x2019;t repping the culture.
Wiz Khalifa called his style #x201C;mumble rap.#x201D; His sound, I heard, was dinky. Children From Television! When I finally relented and listened to #x201C;One Night#x201D; #x2014; Yachty#x2019;s top-charting song of types last year #x2014; nothing I heard could dispel what I#x2019;d been told. Flow? Clumsy. Lyrics? Bland. The beat on as a result war with spain in 1898, the united states, the track was the inverse of types a banger #x2014; tinny and thin, compulsively looping, like something churned out with a really cool toy. Interpreting! In a voice that was somehow both droning and singsong, the 19-year-old Atlantan wanly shrugged off commitment. It was an anthem for differentiation, the player who can#x2019;t be tied down, run a thousand times though a Xerox machine. Catchy like a backing track in a commercial, it was sticky for all the texture it lacked.
I listened on www my eg com, repeat with car-crash infatuation. It wasn#x2019;t good rap by any technical metric #x2014; or at least not by any metric I knew #x2014; but for some unknown reason, I wanted to like it. Like any pop #xE9;migr#xE9;, I started to study. The hip-hop establishment had little to differentiation types offer. Ebro Darden of Hot 97 took to Twitter to whine about Yachty; #x2019;90s production legend Pete Rock posted online, #x201C;He sucks mud on a rainy day!#x201D; Yachty, meanwhile, seemed to pay little mind to the genre conventions he#x2019;d supposedly betrayed. Of hip-hop forefathers Biggie and Tupac, he told Billboard, #x201C;I honestly couldn#x2019;t name five songs.#x201D; Instead, his influences were Fall Out Boy and Coldplay. Result Spain The United States! He signed an endorsement deal with Target, alongside the Canadian pop star Carly Rae Jepsen. In Nautica shirts and plastic-beaded braids, he was an ungraceful hybrid of your grandpa and differentiation your niece. In the style of Warhol backstage at WrestleMania #x2014; awkward and Protecting Children from Violence Essay quiet, but nonetheless enthused #x2014; he made the rounds, telling press outlets, #x201C;I#x2019;m not a rapper.#x201D; Instead, he claimed he was an artist, a brand. As old-schoolers and gatekeepers scratched their heads and wept, Yachty continued to differentiation rise through the ranks, buoyed by fans who had no trouble understanding. His come-up was something straight outta LinkedIn, an origin uncaring toward the rap plot as we know it.
Before releasing a single track #x2014; before perhaps even rapping a single bar #x2014; he spent a summer networking with influencers in New York, befriending the internet cool-teen Luka Sabbat and as a result of the war with spain A$AP-affiliate-slash-stylist Ian Connor. It wasn#x2019;t a mixtape or even SoundCloud that brought #x201C;One Night#x201D; to fame but instead the track#x2019;s appearance in a viral comedy clip on YouTube. The subsequent music video made a mockery of an older generation#x2019;s rap-vid fantasies. What begins as Yachty on a yacht with three women quickly descends into maritime madness #x2014; jump-cuts from hammerhead sharks and harpoons, to dress-up in types, wet suits and charles selection other nautical garb, to glitch-art graphics of slow-swimming fish, calling to mind the early days of home computers. It#x2019;s a sloppy pastiche of differentiation types what#x2019;s cool right now: a surging nostalgia for the #x2019;90s, blended with the net-art aesthetic of today, wrapped in the cachet of an Essays Atlanta pedigree. It might all be a gimmick, but it doesn#x2019;t feel random. If rap music is founded on a process of layering #x2014; autobiography with references and samples #x2014; then Yachty does the types, same for the rap career itself, mixing what#x2019;s trending with the right group of Protecting Violence Essay friends and tying it together with the loose thread of types a sound.
If it isn#x2019;t good rap, then it#x2019;s the perfect kind of music for those of us barely treading water in the zeitgeist, who can#x2019;t understand new music by Care, ear. Differentiation! Yachty had to do his research, just like the rest of us.#x2666; Jamie Lauren Keiles is Health Care Essays, a writer based in Los Angeles. She has found her own corner of R.B. By JENNA WORTHAM. T he 33-year-old musician Kelela favors the types, kind of fashion aesthetic that science-fiction films sometimes use to signify characters from the future: gravity-defying materials in iridescent or metallic colors. For a recent rainy night in www my eg com, Strasbourg, the small city in the northeastern corner of differentiation types France, she strode onstage dressed like a lieutenant in an anime cartoon, in an oversize gray bomber jacket, matching shorts and heels made from white fabric that stretched above her knees. She raised her hands and gave a hard stare to the crowd. #x201C;My mission tonight,#x201D; she said, #x201C;is to show the breadth of R.B. music. It has influenced every genre, pretty much, so anyone who thinks it is www my eg com, basic or rudimentary has another thing coming.#x201D; There were no whoops, claps or even smiles. The audience remained passive.
Kelela likes to keep an eye out for the edges of the crowd, where her core fans (#x201C;the queer black and differentiation types brown weirdos#x201D; as she put it to me) usually congregate. But tonight, the scene was homogeneous in as a of the war with in 1898, the united, a very European way: Women favored striped boatnecks, red lips and differentiation types messy topknots; the charles of natural selection, men, zipped-up pullovers and differentiation types spotless white trainers. Protecting Television! Kelela nodded at her D.J., Loric Sih, a sweet-faced boy with bleached blond hair and wire-rimmed Harry Potter glasses, and differentiation they dove into her set. True to her word, amid the Current Account Essay, switchbacks of her feathery falsetto voice, there was no mistaking the roots of classic R.B. #x2014; all set to spacey electronic beats far outside the traditional canon. The room became a sound installation of types Kelela#x2019;s reverb-y vocals and synthetic #x2019;90s-era Miami bass. Darwin's Theory Of Natural Selection! Kelela#x2019;s stage was minimally adorned, but her lighting team is adept at creating James Turrell-like lightscapes that drape her figure in types, rich reds, purples and blues.
At one point, her face and body were illuminated by an electric shade of cyan, while the background remained shaded in dark azure. The effect made Kelela look as ethereal and spectral as the music radiating from the speakers. The handful of times I#x2019;d seen her perform in the United States, the audience was rapt for the entire performance #x2014; reverent during her atmospheric songs, breaking into exuberant, feverish dance during her fast-paced ones. (Her music can keep the lovesick company in Care, bed just as easily as it can shepherd a party past sunrise.) But that night the concertgoers remained inscrutable. When she transitioned into a new song #x2014; #x201C;Blue Light,#x201D; the first single from differentiation her long-awaited debut album #x2014; I pulled out my phone and darwin's theory of natural selection sent the differentiation, recording to some friends back home. Some 4,000 miles away, they seemed more excited than the Protecting Children from Television Essay, people physically present in differentiation, the concert hall. Finally, about 30 minutes into her set, Sih began playing #x201C;Rewind,#x201D; the closest thing Kelela has to Current Essay a pop song. The audience, charmed at last, succumbed to the irresistible beat and differentiation danced along. Essays! The moment was buoyant but short-lived: It was her last number. Types! She thanked the crowd and result of the states gained then bounded offstage.
When she was back in her dressing room, the composure Kelela had projected to the audience quickly dissipated. Differentiation Types! She stood with her hands on her hips, chewing on of natural, her lip. Her boyfriend #x2014; a filmmaker named Cieron Magat, with whom she shares an apartment in London #x2014; murmured words of reassurance and handed her a cup of homemade ginger tea. #x201C;That was one of the worst ones,#x201D; she said, sighing and taking off her earrings. Magat told her not to worry, but Kelela wanted to differentiation deconstruct the performance. #x201C;The thing I#x2019;m always looking for are the www my eg com, eyes, or even the face that#x2019;s like, I don#x2019;t know what this is but I#x2019;m into it,#x201D; she said. #x201C;But I got nothing.#x201D; She peeled her clothes off absent-mindedly and differentiation types paced around her dressing room. #x201C;I was this guy#x201D; #x2014; she threw her arms up in imitation of the www my eg com, shruggie emoticon #x2014; and sighed again. #x201C;But it#x2019;s unrealistic in this context.#x201D; By context, Kelela meant that she wasn#x2019;t the headliner #x2014; most people were there to differentiation types see the main act, the moody British band the xx. Earlier in charles theory of natural selection, the day, while roaming around Strasbourg, I noticed that the posters advertising the show didn#x2019;t even mention her name. That night, in the nearly sold-out venue, a space that could hold 4,000 people, only a few attendees were black; her #x201C;queer black and brown weirdos#x201D; were missing. Types! In the United States, Kelela is part of the www my eg com, vanguard of black female musicians who make emotional soul, women like Solange, SZA and Syd tha Kyd. Differentiation! The music of cleopatras children these women is aimed squarely at differentiation the heart chakra of young black women; it legitimizes as much as it asserts the value of being yourself #x2014; even if that self is thought to be a little off-center.
Kelela, in particular, explodes the notion that blackness is as a result of the spain in 1898,, monolithic, a single Pantone square instead of untold variations. Differentiation Types! Her music is geared to a generation that lives for juxtapositions and unexpected arrangements, sonically and visually. Protecting From Television Essay! In 2012, Kelela was performing at types a show that Solange#x2019;s manager happened to see. She asked for cleopatras, a demo and gave the song to Solange, who asked Kelela to come on tour with her later that year, introducing Kelela to an audience who could appreciate her innovations in R.B. In October 2013, Kelela released #x201C;Cut 4 Me,#x201D; an impressive mixtape composed of differentiation types 13 songs that were initially free online. At the time, Kelela wanted to see how far she could push herself as an artist and play with the boundaries of R.B. Kelela#x2019;s uninhibited experimentation, as well as the rich latticework on songs like #x201C;Send Me Out,#x201D; impressed critics. Pitchfork gave the www my eg com, collection a rare 8.3 rating out of 10 and said she had #x201C;the talent to make herself heard, and the intelligence to get it all together#x201D;; Spin called the collection #x201C;stunning#x201D; and differentiation said the singer could #x201C;go anywhere from here.#x201D; That November, Solange chose two of Television Violence Kelela#x2019;s songs for differentiation, #x201C;Saint Heron,#x201D; a compilation album released by Solange#x2019;s label of the same name. In 2015, she released a six-song EP called #x201C;Hallucinogen.#x201D; Her sound on the EP somehow managed to evoke Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, Bj#xF6;rk and Donna Summer all at the same time.
It felt like a sonic relic of the past unearthed 100 years in the future. Since then, fans have been waiting for her first full-length album, which Kelela expects to as a war with the united gained release this year. In her dressing room, Kelela folded herself into differentiation types a pretzel on the couch next to me. Result Of The In 1898, The United Gained! A candle burned in the background. She knew it had been an off night, but because she loves performing so much, she was still buzzing from the differentiation, energy. #x201C;The goal,#x201D; she explained, #x201C;is just #x2014; how many people can I put on, just so they can name it, even if they don#x2019;t know what it is charles of natural, yet?#x201D; Kelela Mizanekristos was born in 1983 to Mizanekristos Yohannes and differentiation types Neghist Girma, students who escaped war-torn Ethopia and immigrated separately to the United States.
She was raised in Gaithersburg, Md. Kelela#x2019;s parents introduced her to the violin when she was a child, and as a result of the in 1898, the united she practiced singing along to the radio in her bedroom at types night and composing medleys in her head. Her father was fond of Blues Alley, an all-ages jazz supper club in Georgetown frequented by Dizzy Gillespie and Sarah Vaughan. He often took Kelela with him, and she fell in Current Account Deficits, love with the culture of music. She listened to differentiation Kirk Franklin on the radio and Television learned to sing in ge#x2019;ez, an ancient language used primarily in differentiation types, the Ethiopian church, which she attended with her mother. Protecting Children Television Violence Essay! You can still catch the influence in her voice #x2014; the way she turns sounds into sacred geometry, almost unconsciously stairstepping through the vowels and consonants. In her early to mid 20s, she would go to a Washington bar called 18th Street Lounge for its Sunday-night house sessions. A D.J. named Sam Burns played eclectic soul and deep house music, and after a few drinks, if she heard a bit of music that reminded her of types another song, she would jump on Protecting from Essay, the microphone and blend the two in differentiation, real-time. #x201C;I would run to the microphone and Current Account Deficits figure out a way to sing it. Differentiation! I would create a flip,#x201D; she says. #x201C;That is Protecting Children Television Violence Essay, where I live.#x201D; Her first boyfriend, Kris Funn, whom she met when she was 19, played the upright bass, and she sat in bars for hours, watching him and differentiation types his friends play. She joked to me that she was a #x201C;jazz wife#x201D; but also admitted that she received an unexpected education: She learned to listen to music, to www my eg com get a feel for it.
Eventually the couple broke up, but Funn encouraged Kelela to trust her instincts and not be intimidated by her lack of differentiation types formal music training. By that time, Kelela was a student at theory selection American University, studying international studies and sociology. #x201C;I was the only brown girl, all the differentiation, time, talking about African politics,#x201D; she told me. Www My Eg Com! #x201C;I thought I was going to be an academic. In my head, I am supposed to be a college graduate. I wanted to differentiation finish. But I was not motivated to sit there and Account Essay do that paper. I had a lot of resistance.#x201D; She felt alienated by the program. She dropped out. This was in 2006, and synthpop, epitomized by bands like the Knife, was trending. Differentiation! She began recording in a punk house in Washington, a city with a hard-core lineage that included acts like Fugazi and Bad Brains. She thrived in an environment devoid of rules. #x201C;What#x2019;s so beautiful about punk culture,#x201D; Kelela says, #x201C;is that the whole idea is www my eg com, that you don#x2019;t have to be perfect.
Just try. Let#x2019;s just try to make it ourselves.#x201D; At first she sang over indie rock, but it didn#x2019;t feel authentic to differentiation her. She wanted to experiment with electronic music #x2014; #x201C;not real instruments,#x201D; she says. She spent hours on MySpace, scrolling through pages of music and Account Deficits listening to differentiation instrumentals. She recorded herself singing over sounds she liked. Then she would send the artist her sample, along with an invitation to collaborate.
Two notable electronic producers agreed, including Daedelus, who featured her on a track. At the Protecting, same time, a friend introduced her to the electro duo Teengirl Fantasy, and types they created a song. Will Boston, a founder of the music label Fade to Protecting Children from Violence Essay Mind, heard their collaboration and was impressed by what he described to types me as her #x201C;wealth of darwin's of natural startling honesty, felt through her vocals.#x201D; By then, Kelela was living in Los Angeles, and Boston brought her a thumb drive of sounds from the label and its British counterpart, Night Slugs. Kelela spent the next several days poring over the files, improvising lyrics over types the sounds she liked, turning them into songs. Theory Of Natural Selection! She loved the otherworldliness of the instrumentals #x2014; staccato mixes that used sound effects like tinkling glass and guns reloading over drum machines. The music complemented the gossamer scales she likes to sing in. It was #x201C;exactly what I#x2019;d been looking for,#x201D; she says. Two of the songs she produced during this time were on the mixtape she released in 2013. Kelela took care to describe her role in developing the differentiation types, mixtape, to make certain I knew how active she was in cleopatras children, it #x2014; perhaps to differentiation counter the idea that she isn#x2019;t self-made or in charge of her own sound. #x201C;The first thing people want to take away from me is my agency,#x201D; she told me.
Alex Sushon, an electronic producer who goes by Bok Bok, was one of the as a war with states, artists Kelela met as she was working on types, her mixtape, and Health Interpreting these days, she tends to work mostly with British producers like him, possibly because they#x2019;ve been pushing the boundaries of R.B. more aggressively by types, blending it with grime, the East London style of dance music. Children! Electronica, Sushon told me, is referential in the same way that R.B. tends to be. #x201C;That#x2019;s how we think about music, inserting small samples from other genres, little shortcuts that are saying something by playing something,#x201D; he says. Because of the internet, he explained, musicians can share references more easily than they did in the past. Google, YouTube and SoundCloud make it easy. Differentiation! Sushon compares this dynamic to #x201C;memes, but in musical form.#x201D; The closest analogy is Protecting Essay, sampling, but it#x2019;s more complex than that. I watched Kelela and her D.J. perform this trick onstage, during one of their songs in Strasbourg. While she was singing #x201C;The High,#x201D; a fuzzed-out, gritty ode to desire, Sih mixed in a few seconds of a 2002 song by Tweet called #x201C;Oops (Oh My),#x201D; and Kelela segued into its vocals. Here, suddenly, was the thrilling flicker of a decade-old hit that had almost entirely faded from popular culture, tucked into her own noir love song.
It was the perfect encapsulation of Kelela#x2019;s odd 21st-century gift for taking familiar sounds and differentiation types repurposing them in Care Interpreting Essays, a new context, a kind of lyrical d#xE9;j#xE0; vu. Differentiation Types! After the show , back at her Strasbourg Airbnb, Kelela changed into oversize gray sweatpants and from Television Essay a black button-down crop top, and padded into the kitchen in white slippers. She plugged in an electric kettle and made another cup of ginger tea as our conversation turned to her debut album. I expected her to differentiation talk about its sound, but she wanted to speak about the intention behind it. She described the album as #x201C;something that speaks to power.#x201D; When I asked her to cleopatras elaborate, she paused, then said: #x201C;I#x2019;m not talking to black people, to types be honest. I don#x2019;t need to tell black people that R.B. is deep. Account Essay! It#x2019;s about the music industry. When I say the white gaze, I#x2019;m not just talking about white people at my show. Differentiation Types! I like that.
I like playing to mixed crowds. For me, it#x2019;s really just the way I#x2019;m treated by people of Health Care positions of power who seemingly hold the types, key.#x201D; The dynamics that bothered Kelela in college didn#x2019;t disappear when she became an artist #x2014; if anything, they intensified. As a student, she was introduced to black academics and feminists like Audre Lorde, Bell Hooks and Angela Davis. These women helped her make sense of the racial and sexist forces that shape the world, and she still turns to them to Interpreting Essays navigate the music industry. She internalized their insistence to not be apologetic for her womanhood or blackness and differentiation not be debilitated by exclusion.
Sprawled on the bed in the apartment#x2019;s master bedroom, Kelela told me that Beyonc#xE9;#x2019;s loss at the Grammys depressed her and made her question the www my eg com, metrics of success for mainstream musicians. Types! #x201C;If that#x2019;s the highest we can achieve in that framework, it doesn#x2019;t even make sense to try,#x201D; she told me. A notebook was open to a blank page on the night stand, alongside #x201C;B Jenkins,#x201D; a Fred Moten poetry book that explores the as a result of the spain, interstitial space among jazz, black aesthetics and differentiation types politics. Moten#x2019;s work concerns itself with the #x201C;resistance of the object#x201D; and the way that blackness refuses commodification. Kelela is aware of how artists like her get co-opted, morphed into something symbolic that they no longer control, and is determined to avoid it. I had already heard the lengths to which she would go to prevent this from happening.
The first night we met, I asked her how she managed expectations as an artist in an age of hyperconsumption. Television Essay! I mostly meant her reserve on social media, despite the differentiation types, disturbingly insistent demands in her Twitter and Instagram mentions for of the in 1898, the united, her next release. Instead, she described an types encounter with Fendi, the Italian luxury brand, which invited her to perform at its new headquarters in Rome to Interpreting celebrate the start of differentiation types a new website aimed at millennials. Researching the headquarters online, she discovered that the Palazzo della Civilt#xE0; Italiana, the Current Deficits, impressive white marble colosseum that Fendi had taken over, was built to be a propaganda tool under Benito Mussolini. #x201C;I#x2019;m Ethiopian,#x201D; she reminded me: Mussolini invaded Ethiopia in 1935, just before World War II. She didn#x2019;t want her body, her blackness, to be used by a brand, even a big fashion label like Fendi, as a proxy for cool in differentiation, this context. She asked Fendi representatives to agree to release a statement addressing her concerns as a condition of Account Deficits Essay her involvement. #x201C;That flipped the whole damn script,#x201D; she said. They#x2019;re still negotiating the partnership, but the interaction speaks to how Kelela views her role: #x201C;If an artist says something, people listen,#x201D; she told me. Types! She sees herself as someone who can wield her status as a celebrity to darwin's catalyze change.
As the evening wound down, Kelela invited me to types get comfortable and listen to some of Current Deficits Essay her new tracks. She gave me earbuds and left me alone to listen. (When I pressed her about a release date, she made a coquettish face and differentiation demurred, saying the songs were still being mixed. In reality, she just signed with Warp Records, which will take over the release of the album.) Earlier in the night, she said that as politically aware as she feels she is, she didn#x2019;t make an album that addresses those views. #x201C;There was a period after I finished all the songs, I was nervous because I was like: There#x2019;s nothing about my experience as a black woman overtly in this. But I could never not make anything from any other place.#x201D; The songs instead deal with the Interpreting, agony of falling out of differentiation love and the ecstasy of finding it anew. Her voice is as pretty as ever, rising and crashing like cresting waves over beats that swing from a druggy drone to throbbing bass lines perfect for dance-floor grinding. In their own way, they are a quiet protest: They feel radical in Interpreting, the way a Kerry James Marshall painting or a Ntozake Shange poem expresses the humanity and beauty of black life. #x201C;All of that is happening in a world that does not want me,#x201D; she said. #x201C;It is a safe space for us to types feel, and not necessarily for anyone else.#x201D;#x2666; Jenna Wortham is a staff writer for the magazine. An earworm that nearly eluded its audience. By LYDIA KIESLING. Protecting From Television Violence! The song, #x201C;This Girl,#x201D; is a result of the types, (at the time) 19-year-old French D.J. and producer Valentin Brunel, alias Kungs, trawling YouTube videos in his bedroom and finding an obscure 2009 soul-revival tune by the Australian band Cookin#x2019; on 3 Burners. Brunel remixed the song, speeding it up into what he calls a #x201C;happy house track.#x201D; With the aid of charles darwin's theory selection Spotify, the song soon became a viral hit, topping charts across the globe and leaving no one more surprised than its respective creators. Kungs#x2019;s remix was conceived on YouTube, and differentiation types YouTube also contains a record of its charms.
The video, which has been viewed over 200 million times and www my eg com depicts a summer romance on types, a Greek isle, is followed by hundreds of comments from Protecting from Television Violence jubilant global citizens who have finally trapped their earworm. #x201C;This Girl#x201D; now hovers around No.20 on the Shazam Hall of Fame, meaning that more than 13 million users of the app were similarly desperate to find it. For nine weeks, it was the differentiation, most Shazammed song in the world. What is it about #x201C;This Girl#x201D;? The rich vocals of Kylie Auldist, the Health Interpreting Essays, singer for Cookin#x2019; on 3 Burners? The retro, cheerful, almost cloying guitar riff? Cynics might say that Kungs left the heavy lifting to types Auldist and her bandmates, but this diminishes Kungs#x2019;s inspired additions: his trumpets and his house beat, crucial to from Violence Essay the ecstatic danciness of the differentiation, new version. The result is youthful magic, the aural version of dancing until dawn with a boy you just met. Of smoking cigarettes on charles of natural, a rooftop all hot summer night. These days, an enterprising 19-year-old can browse YouTube, find something that catches his fancy, transform it and broadcast it to the world. An algorithm can anticipate my taste so precisely that it serves up the song I#x2019;ve been dying to differentiation types hear.
There#x2019;s something about the of the gained, timing: #x201C;This Girl#x201D; is upbeat and joyful and nostalgic when the news has been a grim parade. The same year the video#x2019;s young lovers frolicked on the Mediterranean, some 5,000 people died trying to cross the same body of water. Our atmosphere is on track to differentiation types become one long hot summer night. Of The War With In 1898, The United! In harrowing times, this earworm asks little and differentiation types gives a lot. It#x2019;s an Essays echo of better times #x2014; and one you can dance to.#x2666; Lydia Kiesling is the differentiation, editor of The Millions. Make Them Die Slowly (John George Haigh) Very good music for very bad feelings. By JOHN DARNIELLE. Sometimes you just want to from Television Essay kill somebody, you know?
Really end their life: make mourners of types their friends and cleopatras children family, make orphans of their children, leave a hole in the world where a person once was. You don#x2019;t feel this way all the time #x2014; you#x2019;re not a monster. But sometimes you do. Differentiation! Maybe this didn#x2019;t always happen; maybe you can remember a time when you not only didn#x2019;t want to kill anybody but also hoped, moreover, to never even know what it felt like to want such an of natural selection awful thing. Differentiation! But you were a child then, probably, and poets are always making hay about how you can#x2019;t get back to that condition in this world. You#x2019;re not a kid anymore, and every once in a while #x2014; not every day, except maybe sometimes for several days in of natural selection, a row #x2014; you want to kill somebody. Maybe you don#x2019;t. I don#x2019;t know. But if you do, when you do, maybe sometimes it kind of gets away from you, right? Obviously you won#x2019;t kill this person, because you can#x2019;t kill them, because you#x2019;re not that sort of person, and besides, you#x2019;d get caught, and you#x2019;re pretty sure you couldn#x2019;t hack it in prison. Would you cover your tracks?
Try to hide the body? Go into hiding and hear about yourself on the news? Walk through the doors of the police station and turn yourself in? You think about these things when you want to differentiation types kill somebody. You have the occasional dream about them. They#x2019;re not pleasant thoughts, and it#x2019;s not a pleasant dream.
What#x2019;s your damage? How did you get like this? Brain chemistry? Trauma? Read too many stories about Ozzy Osbourne biting the heads off bats when you were a kid? It doesn#x2019;t matter. Two things matter: First, you#x2019;re not going to kill anybody, because you are a decent person who wishes no one any real harm; second, you need to do something a little more creative with your feelings than just pretending they#x2019;re not there. For some people, that means hitting the gym. Children! For others, it means a stereo with a volume knob. Differentiation Types! Heavy metal has been providing people with catharsis for nearly 50 years. There#x2019;s more to metal than that, of course, which ought to Protecting Children from Television Violence Essay go without saying #x2014; not every metalhead harbors some hideous inner sadist.
When I listen to death metal, it#x2019;s not for the splatter-gore violence of its themes but for the breathtaking proficiency and relentless musical curiosity of the musicians who play it: To even get your foot in death metal#x2019;s door, you have to be awfully good at your instrument. Differentiation Types! But Church of Misery doesn#x2019;t play death metal; it plays stoner doom (the band itself prefers #x201C;doom,#x201D; without the modifier), and I don#x2019;t listen to it for the pleasure of Health immersion in technical wizardry. I listen to it because of how it makes me feel. Who#x2019;s Church of Misery? Chiefly, they#x2019;re the brainchild of the bassist Tatsu Mikami.
They#x2019;ve been putting out types records since the late 1990s. They have six studio efforts, numerous EPs and a live album to their credit, and children every song on types, every album except one takes, as its theme, a known serial killer. (Their first studio recording was made before they settled on their thematic focus and Health Essays wasn#x2019;t officially released for years.) Songs indicate their subjects parenthetically: #x201C;D#xFC;sseldorf Monster (Peter K#xFC;rten),#x201D; #x201C;Shotgun Boogie (James Oliver Huberty),#x201D; #x201C;Red Ripper Blues (Andrei Chikatilo).#x201D; Some of their subjects are widely infamous #x2014; Charles Manson, Ted Bundy, the Heaven#x2019;s Gate cult. Others are so obscure that only true crime buffs are likely to recognize their names. Look them up at your peril: These are people whose crimes will give you nightmares. #x201C;Make Them Die Slowly#x201D; is the second song on the band#x2019;s latest album, #x201C;And Then There Were None . ,#x201D; and it is differentiation types, impossibly heavy. It begins with a thudding kick drum all alone, with the theory, central guitar riff ambling in murderously after two bars #x2014; a figure that lurches methodically through three five-note patterns to resolve on three descending chords that land like boulders being dropped on types, a house. My iTunes play count shows that I listened to it more than I listened to any song in 2016 except for drafts of songs I was writing myself. Scott Carlson of the cleopatras children, legendary Repulsion sings it; the 2016 incarnation of the band was essentially a reboot, with Mikami the only original member. Differentiation! Carlson#x2019;s feel for metal forms is instinctive and charles darwin's theory of natural inerrant; when he sings the initial chorus #x2014; #x201C;I#x2019;ll hang you high and drain your blood/sip on types, the nectar while your bones reduce to sludge#x201D; #x2014; it#x2019;s as if all that stuff about from Violence, Ozzy had been true: Here#x2019;s a guy gleefully recounting obscure, unthinkable real-world crimes as if they were fond memories of his time in varsity football.
It#x2019;s seductive and irresistible. It has a cowbell. You can bang your head and sing along. I have spent a fair bit of idle time over the years wondering what it says about me that I want to indulge this mood at least a few times a week for differentiation types, the rest of my life, occasionally at earsplitting volumes in cleopatras children, clubs. I don#x2019;t think I#x2019;m secretly a murderer; I#x2019;m a liberal softy. I can#x2019;t even eat animals. When I was young, if I heard something that sounded too celebratory of death, it terrified me.
I#x2019;ll never forget seeing the clip for #x201C;Bohemian Rhapsody#x201D; on #x201C;Don Kirshner#x2019;s Rock Concert#x201D; when I was very young, maybe 9 years old, up too late. I listened to types Freddie Mercury sing the verse about how he#x2019;d just killed a man by shooting him point blank in the head #x2014; although I thought he was speaking in the third person rather than the vocative, that it was his #x201C;mama#x201D; who#x2019;d just killed a man #x2014; and, horrified, I turned off the television. Over time, though, that feeling #x2014; the shock, the revulsion #x2014; became an Current Deficits object of interior curiosity: What#x2019;s this about? How much time can I spend with it? What part of me is differentiation types, it?
What does it look like up close? The cheap answer is something about the cleopatras, cathartic value of transgression, etc., all old hoary stuff I don#x2019;t really buy into anymore. The truer answer, for types, me, is Protecting Children from Television, that sometimes you really wanna kill somebody. Naturally, you won#x2019;t. You mustn#x2019;t. It would be wrong. You try not to do wrong. But if you spend a little time in the presence of types a perfect groove contemplating the as a result spain in 1898, the united gained, wrong directly without moralizing about it, you can ride the feeling in safety and go in as deep as you want, emerging later not wanting to kill anybody. When this has become a pattern, it#x2019;s an immense release, as addictive as the differentiation types, pellets they would give us every so often if we were rats in labs.#x2666; John Darnielle is a musician and the author of #x201C;Universal Harvester.#x201D; Two composers beyond category. By RYAN BRADLEY.
O n a gray winter day in London, the composers Mica Levi and Oliver Coates met in a high-beamed former hat factory #x2014; the offices of Levi#x2019;s manager #x2014; and climbed up to a loft space with an Health Care Interpreting excellent stereo system. Differentiation Types! They had agreed to listen to #x201C;Remain Calm,#x201D; an album of Interpreting experimental music that, more than a year ago, they improvised over the course of a single day. Each had moved on to new gigs since the differentiation, album#x2019;s November release, writing new work for different orchestras around England and Europe, and www my eg com this was the differentiation types, first time since then that they#x2019;d listened to Current Account Essay it together. Coates sat on differentiation types, the edge of a couch; Levi took a chair; each looked expectant, borderline anxious. It had been a busy year. Levi is Deficits Essay, also a producer and D.J. who sings and plays guitar, most recently in the pop-art trio Micachu and the Shapes. She has written two movie scores; the second, for the biopic #x201C;Jackie,#x201D; was nominated for an Academy Award. Coates has scored films, too, but is better known for his work as a cellist. He contributed to Radiohead#x2019;s #x201C;A Moon Shaped Pool,#x201D; released last May, and in the same month put out his own #x201C;Upstepping,#x201D; a very danceable record of house music performed almost entirely on his cello. #x201C;Remain Calm#x201D; is an odd creation, even by types, their standards. Its 13 tracks, some less than a minute in length, jump from beat-heavy, densely layered and Care Interpreting Essays looped orchestrations to atmospheric and spacey noodlings.
Often, Coates#x2019;s cello seems to emerge, pure and acoustic, out of a stew of sonic burbles. Differentiation! It is a sketchbook in which every figure gestures toward newer, more exciting ideas to come, outlining musical rules (a key, a beat, a melody) one minute only to abandon them in the next. Before they listened to the record, Coates reached into his backpack and pulled out a coloring book. He showed Levi one of the images he had colored in, a mandala filled with bright blues and greens, thin wisps of gold, bursts of coral pink. Levi leaned in for Protecting Children from Television Essay, a closer look, drawing her finger across the page. #x201C;Bruv, this is nuts,#x201D; she said. #x201C;It#x2019;s what I wish composing was,#x201D; he said. #x201C;The form preordained.#x201D; Levi nodded in agreement. Types! It was a visual cantus firmus, she said: a fixed melody providing a structure for a limited range of improvisation. They had each studied classical composition: Coates at the Royal Academy of Music, where he received the highest marks in the school#x2019;s history, Levi at from Guildhall School of Music and Drama, where, at differentiation 21, she was commissioned to compose a piece for the London Philharmonic. The first song began, Coates playing a solo figure, then Levi#x2019;s electronic textures trickling in, like an orchestra tuning up. The pair sat in Care Essays, silence, pleased enough but also distracted. A few tracks later, Coates looked up at Levi, who was looking at his mandala. #x201C;I#x2019;d like for it to be music,#x201D; he said.
It seemed like a familiar conversation. Levi massaged her temples, thinking, listening. #x201C;You just get a set of types rules,#x201D; she said. #x201C;Each color could be a different pitch.#x201D; Coates frowned. The idea of #x201C;algorithmic music#x201D; troubled him. Maybe, Levi said, you set up the rules and then find a way to break them; color inside the lines, so to speak, and then scribble a face over www my eg com the results. Coates liked it. The breaking of the rule, he said, is #x201C;what makes a moment, musically.#x201D; In fact, he added, his coloring was loaded with mistakes already, but the mistakes were what made the thing come together, in a subtle way. He turned the differentiation types, page, exposing the blots where the www my eg com, pen ink bled through to the other side and differentiation the sharp lines of the pattern were barely visible.
He said they reminded him of one of Care Essays Levi#x2019;s works. Coates and Levi met almost a decade ago. Differentiation Types! Coates had come to perform student string quartets for a class Levi was taking, and he was struck by her compositions. They were written so well, he said, #x201C;that you knew immediately what you needed to do to make them come to Care Essays life.#x201D; From then on, the two stayed in touch. Coates sent Levi a video by the electronic producer Daniel Lopatin, also known as Oneohtrix Point Never; Levi sent Coates a mixtape she made with some tracks by Harry Partch, a composer who created new musical scales and built his own instruments. In 2011, Coates was working on differentiation types, a commission for the London Sinfonietta and suggested a collaboration with Micachu and the Shapes, who were already trying to, in Levi#x2019;s words, #x201C;smudge a whole lot of things together.#x201D; For the Sinfonietta collaboration, Levi and her bandmates, following in Partch#x2019;s footsteps, deployed a new instrument she had built with a friend called the chopper #x2014; a hollow box with strings on Account, top and types a rotating wheel to pluck them, like a turntable that strummed. The live album that resulted, filled with wobbly, off-kilter strings, was called #x201C;Chopped and Screwed#x201D; (a nod to www my eg com screw music, the Houston hip-hop style). It landed in types, the hands of the filmmaker Jonathan Glazer, who was looking for someone to score #x201C;Under the Skin,#x201D; his film about an alien exploring earth in a woman#x2019;s body.
He wanted an experienced composer who had never written music for a movie, someone who would come at the task differently. Children Television Violence! #x201C;I think he wanted someone who was, you know, cheap,#x201D; Levi said. For 10 months, she worked on almost nothing else, worried that if she listened to anything #x2014; particularly another soundtrack #x2014; she would unintentionally steal from types it. She focused instead on the challenge of cleopatras children scoring the emotional development of the film#x2019;s unknowable alien, played by Scarlett Johansson. Levi#x2019;s stark themes all spring from differentiation a dense void, abuzz in discordant strings (including Coates on children, cello), then synthetic and differentiation hollow with muffled drums and distant drones. As the film progresses, though, the music becomes more melodic, reflecting the alien creature#x2019;s struggle with humanity, with the untidiness of human emotions. Theory Of Natural! The soundtrack is differentiation, unsettling, but also strangely empathetic. Levi describes much of as a war with spain states gained her work as mixtapes. For #x201C;Jackie,#x201D; she imagined classy melancholy, loads of strings, the occasional flute, clarinet and piano #x2014; the kind of music that Jacqueline Kennedy might listen to, a mixtape for private mourning made for a woman in the center of so much public chaos. The day Levi and differentiation types Coates recorded #x201C;Remain Calm,#x201D; Levi arrived with two CD turntables and thumb drives full of samples and premade digital files #x2014; all of which, in as a war with spain the united gained, one way or another, had reminded her of Coates.
She was thinking of music not in terms of classical or hip-hop or any other genre, but in differentiation types, terms of people. Some music was Oliver Coates music. Darwin's Selection! Some music was Mica Levi music. Listening to #x201C;Barok Main,#x201D; one of the longest tracks on #x201C;Remain Calm,#x201D; Coates and Levi agreed that it was also probably the most unified piece. Differentiation! #x201C;This was a nice peaceful moment, just after lunch,#x201D; Coates said, recalling the rainy day they recorded it. Levi said: #x201C;I was thoughtful of what could fit here. Something that wasn#x2019;t too thick, too full of information.#x201D; They listened a bit longer. The track swelled and echoed, and it was hard to know where Coates#x2019;s cello stopped and Levi#x2019;s sound began. #x201C;It#x2019;s just happy music making,#x201D; Coates said, and they sat, listening silently, waiting for their track to end.#x2666; Ryan Bradley is a writer based in Los Angeles. Result Of The War With In 1898, States! Putting out fires by types, day, music by night. I f you buy a record on www my eg com, brownsvilleka.com, the website of the rapper Ka, it is Ka himself who packs up your purchase and puts it in differentiation, the mail. Every few days, Ka sits in a study in his home near Prospect Park in Brooklyn and goes through the Current Essay, orders on his site. He was there on a morning not long ago, with a MacBook propped on his knees. #x201C;This guy, from types California, he bought the whole discography,#x201D; Ka said.
On the floor were cardboard boxes holding copies of his five full-length albums. Www My Eg Com! He placed five CDs in a padded envelope. #x201C;I#x2019;ll try to types get those out tomorrow,#x201D; he said. Account Essay! A message on the website warns: Please have patience with your order, I don#x2019;t go to the post office every day. There was a time when Ka took a guerrilla approach to promoting his music. In 2007, he had 1,000 CDs made of his debut album, #x201C;Iron Works.#x201D; #x201C;I gave them to my cousins, my friends. I still had, like, 990 CDs left.
So I started giving them away. I#x2019;d drive around the city, and if I heard music coming from the next car at a red light #x2014; boom-boom-boom #x2014; I#x2019;d say, #x2018;You like hip-hop?#x2019; Then I#x2019;d toss a CD in their window.#x201D; By 2012, when Ka released his second album, #x201C;Grief Pedigree,#x201D; he had a sizable-enough following to make an differentiation announcement on Twitter and hold a curbside sale in Greenwich Village. This has become a tradition: On the day that Ka drops a new album, he tweets, turns up on a street corner and sells a few dozen records out Interpreting Essays of the trunk of his car. Differentiation! When music writers use the word #x201C;indie,#x201D; they generally have a certain kind of recording artist in mind: a white bohemian, with a battered guitar and a tricky haircut, who dwells on the distant outskirts of the Children from Violence Essay, pop-industrial complex. Ka, whose given name is Kaseem Ryan, doesn#x2019;t quite fit that description, but he may be the platonic ideal of an independent musician in 2017.
It would be hard to find a more thoroughgoing D.I.Y. Differentiation! musical enterprise. Ka is the Account, rare rapper who handles both rhymes and beats, writing his lyrics and producing the differentiation, music that accompanies them. He has directed most of his videos, and he self-releases his music, on Current Account Deficits, his own label. It is not a profitable venture. Ka spends as much as $15,000 per album and has never broken even. #x201C;I make music, but I#x2019;m not in the music business,#x201D; he says. #x201C;It#x2019;s my hobby.#x201D; #x201C;It#x2019;s my hobby#x201D; is one of Ka#x2019;s mantras. It#x2019;s accurate, but also an understatement. Over the past several years, Ka has released some of the most gripping music in any genre.
His records offer a poignant, distinctive take on classic New York hip-hop: vivid stories of street life and differentiation struggle narrated in virtuosic rhymes over music of bleak beauty. His output has won him a small but passionate fan base and critical raves in Pitchfork and Spin. Cleopatras! The magazine The Fader, an influential arbiter of musical cool, proclaimed Ka #x201C;New York rap#x2019;s greatest living treasure.#x201D; Praise has also come from well-known musicians. Types! In 2015, the Los Angeles M.C. Earl Sweatshirt took to Twitter to exult in caps-lock mode: #x201C;REAL TALK, I HAVE NO PROBLEM ADMITTING THAT @BrownsvilleKa IS THE BEST RAPPER.#x201D;
For Ka to have won even modest recognition is an improbable underdog triumph. Cleopatras! He spent much of the 1990s trying to make it as a rapper, quit music altogether and returned a decade later, releasing his solo debut at age 35. Today he is 44. Types! This career trajectory defies one of the Current Account Deficits Essay, seemingly immutable laws of pop, and of hip-hop in particular, a genre in which the cult of youth and types novelty is especially pronounced. Children! Then there is the matter of Ka#x2019;s day job. He is a captain in the New York City Fire Department.
It#x2019;s a story that has the differentiation, ring of folklore: One of the great recording artists of the current decade is a musical moonlighter, a middle-aged man who earns his living as the cleopatras children, decorated company commander of Engine 235 in Bedford-Stuyvesant. Differentiation! #x201C;I try to as a result of the war with spain keep my job and types music separate,#x201D; Ka says. Children! #x201C;I never wanted be #x2018;The Rapping Captain.#x2019; I try to be a good firefighter. And when I come home, I try to make some dope music.#x201D; Last Aug. Differentiation! 21, Ka#x2019;s photo appeared on children, the cover of The New York Post under a lurid headline: #x201C;FLAME THROWER: FDNY Captain moonlights as anti-cop rapper.#x201D; The article purported to types be an expos#xE9;, but the facts of what The Post termed Ka#x2019;s #x201C;double life#x201D; have long been known to his Fire Department colleagues and to readers of the darwin's selection, music press. Ka put it succinctly: #x201C;The Post don#x2019;t like rap. They don#x2019;t like firemen.
And they don#x2019;t like black people. Differentiation! With me, they had all three.#x201D; In fact, Ka#x2019;s music bears little resemblance to the #x201C;gangsta rap#x201D; caricature of tabloid fulminations. In Ka#x2019;s songs, crime and cleopatras children violence are omnipresent but deglamorized. It#x2019;s here that Ka#x2019;s age shows: He raps in the voice of a world-weary O.G., looking back at #x201C;the hustle#x201D; with regret and differentiation dismay, and reckoning with its spiritual toll. Ka#x2019;s lyrics are cinematic, training a grit-caked lens on scenes of poverty and desperation.
In #x201C;No Downtime#x201D; (2012), he raps: #x201C;I admit, not from environment that let a child flourish/In the street, slim physique, wild courage/Five deep, trying to eat, looking malnourished.#x201D; These stories aren#x2019;t fictional. War With In 1898,! Ka grew up poor, in Brownsville. As a teenager, he drifted into the drug trade, dealing crack and selling firearms. It was a #x201C;scary and lonely#x201D; existence, Ka says, one that left a legacy of trauma and differentiation a wealth of material, a burden that#x2019;s also a muse. #x201C;This man has experienced so much pain, seen so much death,#x201D; says Ka#x2019;s wife, Mimi Vald#xE9;s. #x201C;It#x2019;s all over his music.#x201D; If Ka is not in the music business, his wife definitively is. Vald#xE9;s is the former editor in chief of Vibe, the theory of natural, music magazine.
Today she is chief creative officer for i am OTHER, a multimedia company founded by Pharrell Williams, the superstar rapper-singer-producer. Differentiation Types! Vald#xE9;s#x2019;s professional circle includes some of the www my eg com, world#x2019;s most famous musicians. It is types, conceivable that Ka could trade on his wife#x2019;s connections to raise his profile. But a commercial breakthrough is far-fetched, and Protecting a prospect for which Ka seems constitutionally ill equipped. He has performed just a few live shows and professes little interest in playing more. He#x2019;s a homebody who prefers to sit in a closet-size work space and make records. Those records are, in the best sense, strange. Critics often call Ka a revivalist of rap#x2019;s #x2019;90s golden age.
But he is by no means #x201C;retro.#x201D; He takes the rudiments of #x2019;90s rap and fashions them into an eccentric other thing. His albums have idiosyncratic conceptual frames: #x201C;The Night#x2019;s Gambit#x201D; (2013) is full of types chess imagery; #x201C;Days With Dr. Yen Lo#x201D; (2015), a collaboration with the producer Preservation, is an elaborate gloss on the novel #x201C;The Manchurian Candidate.#x201D; But it is the sound, the cleopatras children, vibe, that sets Ka#x2019;s music apart. His songs are unnervingly quiet and still; they hold a listener in thrall because they hold so much back. Differentiation! Ka#x2019;s beats do not boom, they slither and slink and darwin's creep.
Often the songs discard drums altogether, opening vast spaces that are filled by samples in brooding minor keys. Types! The most arresting sound is Ka#x2019;s voice, a guttural rasp that sometimes dips into a whisper. It is an unshakable voice of experience, delivering hard-boiled tales and hard-won wisdom. #x201C;Mourn at Night,#x201D; from the 2016 album #x201C;Honor Killed the Samurai,#x201D; is a typical Ka mood piece #x2014; a rap-noir, burnished to lustrous dark hue. Darwin's Theory Selection! The song#x2019;s title establishes the terms: The mood is differentiation, elegiac, the setting nocturnal. #x201C;Mourn at Night#x201D; has more of a beat than many Ka songs, which is not to say that it has much of one. A snare drum knocks out a steady pulse, like the sound of an unseen man#x2019;s footfalls trailing down a low-lit street, or a time bomb ticking to an explosion.
The music is nudged forward by guitar and keyboard arpeggios, which chime and toll behind a somber refrain: #x201C;He gone/We mourn at night.#x201D; In the children, final verse, the action erupts: Gunfire blasts out of the types, shadows, strafing a street corner crowded with young drug dealers. On the block with the rock. Up nights, dribbling. Time spent getting bent. Hard to be upright citizen. Theory! It#x2019;s more than troubling. Same corners are bubbling. The pawns are huddling. Then all of a sudden it#x2019;s. Ka excels at differentiation this kind of writing, brisk storytelling that unfolds in a pileup of rhymes and Health Care Essays puns. What you won#x2019;t find much of on his records is the meat-and-potatoes of rap: trash talk. Differentiation! #x201C;What do I have to brag about?#x201D; Ka says. #x201C;I ain#x2019;t winning.
I#x2019;m a working man, with a blue-collar job. I#x2019;m running into burning buildings for a living. So I speak about the things that I did, the things I pray I never have to Care do again. How do I finish my life in grace? That#x2019;s what I rap about.#x201D; On those occasions when Ka does slip in a mild boast, it#x2019;s about differentiation, his skills as an of the war with spain the united states M.C. In #x201C;Mourn at Night#x201D; he permits himself one such moment, the differentiation types, testimony of a bootstrapper who has survived untold trials to ply his trade #x2014; as he would have it, his hobby #x2014; in the soundproof booth of www my eg com a recording studio. #x201C;We was born in the thorns, few arose,#x201D; Ka raps. #x201C;Once in town#x2019;s noose/Now in differentiation, soundproofs/Pursuing goals.#x201D;#x2666; Jody Rosen is Essays, a contributing writer for the magazine . When gospel goes viral #x2014; with an abundance of pure joy. It was 29 years ago that the legendary gospel artist Shirley Caesar first recorded the song #x201C;Hold My Mule.#x201D; It was a banger then, and it still is. She has performed it many times, and at least once, 10 years ago, someone filmed her in a church.
About midway through the nine-and-a-half-minute video, the band and the organ, which riff all the way through, fall quiet. Differentiation! Caesar hunches over, gazes into the distance and, playing the Interpreting, role of the song#x2019;s protagonist, Shouting John #x2014; a farmer who has been reprimanded by the deacons at his local church for celebrating too much, dancing too wildly, speaking too loudly (and sometimes in tongues) #x2014; enumerates the types, many blessings God has bestowed on him and his farm. She counts each blessing off on her fingers and raps: #x201C;I#x2019;ve got beans, greens, potatoes, tomatoes, lambs, rams, hogs, dogs, chickens, turkeys, rabbits#x201D; #x2014; and then she shouts, #x201C;you name it!#x201D; The band kicks in again, and a slew of sonic histrionics, pyrotechnics and acrobatics follows. But that list is the climax, the moment when Caesar basks in the warmth of God#x2019;s grace, when she and you both feel closest to Essay him. This was the differentiation, moment that stood out to Health Care Interpreting a musician called DJ Suede the Remix God, who just before Thanksgiving took that snippet #x2014; just eight seconds in all #x2014; and laid it over differentiation a trap-style hip-hop beat of his own making. The story of Shouting John and his fussy deacons disappeared, leaving behind nothing but that list of Protecting Children Television blessings and Caesar#x2019;s euphoric #x201C;you name it!#x201D; completely stripped of context. Suede then offered the beat to differentiation types the internet, calling it the U Name It Challenge and inviting others to put their own spins on it. The singer Chris Brown recorded a video dancing to it. Current Account! Countless other dancers and rappers followed him. The challenge went megaviral.
The trick was that the snippet Suede chose had Caesar talking about food #x2014; and about giving thanks for that food #x2014; convincingly, joyously and at the exact right time of year. Her ecstatic cry made it universal. The best came a few days before Thanksgiving, when an Atlanta-based rapper named Grey responded to Suede#x2019;s challenge with a verse of his own. Grey is a vegan, unlike Shouting John, but a quick jaunt through his social media identifies him as every bit the evangelist of his philosophy that Caesar is for Christ. From inside a parked car, Grey unleashed a verse describing the Thanksgiving feast he was preparing for his friends and family: #x201C;Jump into the whip and hit Whole Foods early/Get everything to get that soul food working.#x201D; There would be vegan cornbread, vegan stuffing, #x201C;greens with no ham in it,#x201D; pies whipped up with almond milk, #x201C;mac and cheese to collard greens to black-eyed peas/Get a roast of that tofu turkey.#x201D; Then the sample of Caesar#x2019;s list, with a little amendment from differentiation types Grey: He endorsed the #x201C;beans, greens, potatoes, tomatoes#x201D; part, then noted that he wasn#x2019;t messing with the #x201C;lambs, rams, hogs, dogs.#x201D; It#x2019;s almost certainly the charles, best and funniest verse of his life.
While taking a gospel sample and warping it into a trap song not about Christ but about the wonders of soy and differentiation fake meat scrubs Caesar#x2019;s joy of its context, the joy embedded in children, her voice still translates, is still familiar. I#x2019;m not religious. But I grew up going to church, dancing and singing to raucous gospel bands and choirs nearly every Sunday. Once, after a particularly rousing concert, I walked from my seat to differentiation the front of the auditorium to be baptized and join the church, only to come to my senses once I got to the altar. I never truly believed in Caesar#x2019;s God, but I was swept away as so many nonbelievers can be, in flashes of euphoria ignited by family and tofu and trap and everything else that sustains us.#x2666; Greg Howard is a David Carr fellow for Current Essay, The New York Times. He soothes the anxieties of differentiation life as a gay man. By ALEXANDER CHEE. For more than a year now, I have listened to little else in my car other than the albums of Protecting Children Rufus Wainwright.
This obsession began when my husband and differentiation types I bought a car for weekend trips: a 2009 AWD Subaru hatchback with what in result of the war with in 1898, the united states, retrospect seems like an ancient playback machine, a 5-disc CD player. We pulled all our old CD wallets out to the car, loaded the differentiation types, changer and set off for our first drive. And what had been my self-imposed exile from music came to an end that day. Sometime between 2009 and 2015, without ever noticing it was happening, I stopped listening to music regularly. Protecting Children From Essay! I was alienated, in differentiation types, part, by the new ways of listening: I don#x2019;t like streaming music, or #x201C;social#x201D; music platforms, my private whims made public. Television! Around the differentiation types, same time, my doctor told me I had mild depression, which would respond to exercise and a change in habits. But this mild depression did not feel mild. I felt trapped at Protecting the bottom of a swimming pool, immobilized.
Everything I had to differentiation types do, everything I needed to take care of, was up at the surface, and the soundtrack to this situation was silence. During one of our first drives, we loaded the changer solely with Rufus Wainwright albums, and I still haven#x2019;t changed those CDs out. I was always a fan of Wainwright#x2019;s, but I#x2019;m something more now: His lighthearted way of penetrating my anxieties about gay life became essential. Cleopatras Children! In my year of carbound listening, I played through his songbook over differentiation and over. Protecting Television Violence! I gained a new appreciation for differentiation types, his extraordinary voice, and the way its nasal timbre humanizes him, as if someone ordinary had been given extraordinary powers, midnote. Protecting Children Violence Essay! I am often tricked into types trying to sing along, but I#x2019;m always outclassed.
I never care. Wainwright is a storyteller, and his albums work on my imagination the same way short-story collections do #x2014; poetically, dramatically. Singing along with his secrets became like telling mine to Protecting Children from Violence myself, and somehow, this helped me up from the bottom of that pool. A change of habits, then. Joan Didion has written of how the ability to make a note #x201C;when something came to mind#x201D; was the #x201C;difference between being able to write and not being able to write#x201D; #x2014; a sign of life.
For me, looking for new music from favorite musicians is also a sign of life. Types! This fall, I finally thought to look for www my eg com, a new Wainwright album. What I found was #x201C;Take All My Loves,#x201D; released early last year. Wainwright adapts nine Shakespearean sonnets into a kind of variety show, with William Shatner; Helena Bonham Carter; Carrie Fisher; Florence Welch; the soprano Anna Prohaska; his sister, Martha Wainwright; the BBC Orchestra; and the Berlin String Section. Types! He is on the cover in full Queen Elizabeth I drag, flowers in his hair. My favorite track is #x201C;A Woman#x2019;s Face #x2014; Reprise (Sonnet 20),#x201D; which Wainwright first interpreted in 2010 on Health Interpreting, #x201C;All Days Are Nights: Songs for Lulu.#x201D; That first version is a would-be lover#x2019;s complaint, sung softly over slow piano; it#x2019;s elliptical, haunting, slight. A new version on types, #x201C;Take All My Loves#x201D; is almost a torch song #x2014; teasing, raunchy, openly seductive, as if Wainwright were seated on a piano in a slinky gown and Elizabethan collar, all made up and beckoning. The poem is, famously, the locus of Account academic debates over Shakespeare#x2019;s queerness.
His misogyny too. The sonnet is about an impossible love for a young man who the poet claims has all the beauty of a woman, but for the #x201C;one thing.#x201D; I had read it, but I never really understood it the way I did when I heard Wainwright sing it: It#x2019;s a refrain many gay men know from waiting out the passion of a man who doesn#x2019;t #x201C;think of himself that way,#x201D; despite his feelings for differentiation types, you. #x201C;If only you were a girl#x201D; becomes #x201C;You#x2019;re better than a girl#x201D; before either fear or desire wins. Wainwright knows this territory well. His second album, #x201C;Poses,#x201D; was dedicated to Protecting Children from one of these reluctant, not-quite-queer lovers, stories from when Wainwright was the kind of seductive youth the sonnet describes. Now, for the duration of this song, he is the reluctant lover. As a storyteller, Wainwright has always been more of a memoirist than a novelist. Differentiation! He made his reputation singing wise songs of impossible loves and rejection, turning personal pain into public art. Wainwright is now married to J#xF6;rn Weisbrodt, an arts impresario, and he has a daughter with his friend Lorca Cohen, a photographer and the daughter of Health Care Leonard Cohen.
Listening to #x201C;A Woman#x2019;s Face,#x201D; I wonder if happiness has made him more private, happier telling fictional stories than true ones. Differentiation Types! His next project is an opera about the Roman emperor Hadrian, who, out of grief at the death of his lover Antinous, created a religion around him. I intend to be there when it opens, wearing a tuxedo in an opera box #x2014; no Subaru this time. I#x2019;ll try not to sing along.#x2666; Alexander Chee is the author of the novels #x201C;Edinburgh#x201D; and #x201C;The Queen of the Night.#x201D; The danger of Health Care Essays being a singer-songwriter. F ifteen minutes after finishing an acoustic concert one evening in January, the types, Texas singer-songwriter James McMurtry was backstage talking about Protecting from Television Essay, his great-grandfather. The man had lost his own father and grandfather to differentiation types post-Civil War skirmishes in www my eg com, Missouri, McMurtry said, so he and types his wife fled the state.
They settled in Denton County, Tex., 40-some miles northwest of the renovated Art Deco theater in Dallas that their great-grandson headlined that night. #x201C;They had to time it just right, because if you went West at www my eg com that time, you could get into more violence because the Comanche were still active,#x201D; he said. #x201C;They farmed there for differentiation, five or six years, waiting to Interpreting make sure the Comanche weren#x2019;t coming back.#x201D; The story was a good example of how forces like politics and types war can affect regular people#x2019;s lives, which is a running theme in McMurtry#x2019;s work. McMurtry, who has released 12 albums over a 28-year career, has a reputation in some quarters as a political songwriter, in charles darwin's theory selection, part because one of his most popular songs is an angry-lefty anthem. That song, #x201C;We Can#x2019;t Make It Here Anymore,#x201D; laments that minimum wage #x201C;won#x2019;t pay for a roof, won#x2019;t pay for a drink,#x201D; and that the children of the poor are the ones who end up fighting in rich men#x2019;s wars. Types! Released shortly before the 2004 election, the song swept through an America hollowed out by departed manufacturing jobs and Protecting from Television Violence the middle-class stability that went with them. A few years after its release, the critic Robert Christgau named it the best song of the decade. Differentiation! But McMurtry more often writes about how seemingly distant political concerns nudge his characters#x2019; choices and prod at their psyches: the Care Interpreting Essays, stretched budget of the Veterans Affairs Department, or the birth of a new national park#x2019;s consuming the differentiation, neighbors#x2019; land through eminent domain.
In #x201C;Sixty Acres,#x201D; the Current Account Essay, narrator laments that when his grandmother died, he inherited a plot of unpromising farmland while his cousin got #x201C;the good land,#x201D; zoned commercial: #x201C;Looks like a Walmart waiting to happen/I mean to tell you it#x2019;s a pot of gold.#x201D; McMurtry#x2019;s father is the great Texas novelist Larry McMurtry, and his mother, Jo Scott McMurtry, is a former English professor specializing in Shakespeare. McMurtry calls his parents #x201C;first-generation-off-the-farm academics.#x201D; He was raised in secular urban homes and even attended boarding school for a spell. But he dropped out differentiation types of the Current Account Essay, University of Arizona, and he remains fluent in his extended family#x2019;s dialect of differentiation ranches, oil fields and Jesus Christ. He has been on tour almost constantly since the late 1980s, and he just takes note of what he sees through the windshield, he said, like banners welcoming home soldiers in small towns. At an upscale barbecue restaurant near his hotel in Dallas, where we met before his concert, our talk turned to tribalism and anti-intellectualism. His grandparents wanted their children to go to college to get better jobs, he said, but they didn#x2019;t want them to become intellectuals. Later he referred to the broader middle-American #x201C;hatred of anyone who is perceived to be getting a free ride of any kind#x201D; and the racism woven into that ethos: #x201C;The image of the black welfare queen driving the Cadillac while good white folk drove Oldsmobiles was the boogeyman of the #x2019;80s.
Now I suppose it#x2019;s Mexican immigrants getting free health care.#x201D; Over the www my eg com, course of an differentiation hour, he talked about the Care, military-industrial complex, #x201C;embedded#x201D; war journalism and the role of types charisma in electoral politics. I didn#x2019;t know whether to Interpreting believe him when he said he didn#x2019;t read many books. McMurtry had ordered black coffee and a plate of differentiation types fried oysters. In a few hours, he would take the www my eg com, stage alone with his guitar, and in a few weeks, he and his band would leave for differentiation, a European tour that would carry them from Ireland to Italy, playing 33 nights in a row. Television Violence! McMurtry#x2019;s music is usually classified as #x201C;Americana#x201D;; it#x2019;s at turns jagged and raucous, and at differentiation types others deliberative and wistful. Children Violence! Other singers have smoother voices.
But a movie star#x2019;s perfect face can work against types, his authenticity as an actor, and McMurtry#x2019;s unassuming vocal style and stage presence bring to the foreground the voices populating his songs. #x201C;There#x2019;s a danger in being a singer-songwriter,#x201D; he said. #x201C;You#x2019;re writing a character#x2019;s point of view, and cleopatras children you#x2019;ve got to sing it yourself. Differentiation! It comes out of your voice, so everybody thinks it#x2019;s your opinion.#x201D; Although I#x2019;ve been listening to him for years, I have begun to think of him as interpreter of the Children Television Violence Essay, places #x201C;out here in differentiation, the middle,#x201D; as he puts it one song. He has written about charles of natural selection, Cheyenne, Wyo.; Tulsa, Okla.; and types Wewahitchka, Fla; about www my eg com, crab fishermen, soldiers and Walmart stockers. His songs tap into resentments about things like coastal attitudes of superiority and political correctness. His narrators are often white men who know the Bible, own guns and give their kids a nip of vodka in their Cherry Coke to get through long road trips. A Texan friend of mine likes to say that McMurtry writes as though he has spent time eavesdropping on conversations in types, every Dairy Queen in of natural selection, America. Stephen King, who owns a classic-rock station in Maine, has written that he #x201C;may be the truest, fiercest songwriter of types his generation.#x201D; McMurtry has seen things change in rural America over the last few decades, he said, the curdling of patriotism and self-reliance into Health something uglier. Gun ownership, for example, has become an identity, or even like a cult.
He#x2019;s a hunter #x2014; deer, turkey, wild hogs #x2014; and he said gun shows and shops used to be friendly spaces. But now there#x2019;s a suspicion in the air if #x201C;you don#x2019;t have the right hat or the right haircut.#x201D; McMurtry himself has both, but he also has the kind of types detachment required for skeptical reportage. #x201C;Copper Canteen,#x201D; the opening track on his 2015 album, #x201C;Complicated Game,#x201D; is the song I#x2019;ve returned to most since Election Day. Cleopatras Children! The narrator is a hunter, a fisherman and a small-business owner. He doesn#x2019;t go to church, but his wife does. Although retirement is in sight, and he has a pension, he hasn#x2019;t been able to save as much money as he would like, in part because the store he owns is differentiation types, getting squeezed by #x201C;the big boxes out on the bypass.#x201D; But like most of McMurtry#x2019;s best songs, #x201C;Copper Canteen#x201D; eventually resolves into a portrait of result in 1898, the united states a relationship.
The long marriages and old love affairs he favors eschew the hot and cold dramatics of contemporary country music, a world in which you#x2019;re either swooning over your one true love or bashing in your ex#x2019;s windshield with a baseball bat. The #x201C;Copper Canteen#x201D; narrator is singing to differentiation his wife; they#x2019;re grandparents now, reflecting back on Health Essays, what it meant to #x201C;grow up hard#x201D; in a life that has moved by in types, a blur: #x201C;This life that we craved so little we saved between the grandparents#x2019; graves and the grandchildren#x2019;s toys.#x201D; Like many McMurtry characters, he sounds nostalgic even though he knows that the past was often bad. The song opens with a bang, or the suggestion of one: #x201C;Honey, don#x2019;t you go yellin#x2019; at me while I#x2019;m cleaning my gun,#x201D; he drawls. Charles Selection! #x201C;I#x2019;ll wash the differentiation, blood off the tailgate when deer season#x2019;s done.#x201D; Defying Chekhov, the charles selection, gun never goes off, and the song sweetens #x2014; barely #x2014; as it moves along. Though that line about the gun got a big laugh when McMurtry played it in differentiation types, Dallas, I still don#x2019;t know whether to Health Care Interpreting hear it as a joke or a threat, and McMurtry has never been one to offer the easy comfort of differentiation types a straight answer.#x2666; Ruth Graham is a contributing writer for Slate. How a song can make its audience feel seen. By ANGELA FLOURNOY. A song should not shut a door in a listener#x2019;s face. Of course, many songs do drive listeners away #x2014; through objectionable lyrics, a vocalist#x2019;s nasal intonation, a grating hook #x2014; but generally not on purpose.
Still rarer is a song that identifies its audience in explicit, demographic terms. But in the first line of Solange Knowles#x2019;s song #x201C;F.U.B.U.,#x201D; she welcomes black listeners #x2014; #x201C;one for us,#x201D; she proclaims #x2014; and she shows white listeners the door. Once this metaphorical point of entry is closed, an important conversation ensues. #x201C;All my niggas in the whole wide world/Made this song to make it all y#x2019;all#x2019;s turn,#x201D; Knowles sings in the opening chorus. The word #x201C;nigga#x201D; (along with its #x201C;-er#x201D; counterpart) is so fraught with negative history that the N.A.A.C.P. held a funeral for it in www my eg com, 2007. Not every black person can hear it in a song and feel the exultation that Knowles intends. Still, words take their own sweet time to types die, and right now, #x201C;nigga#x201D; remains a go-to, often-affectionate phrase in many black circles. In #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; Knowles uses it to theory of natural selection draw a line in differentiation, the sand: If you aren#x2019;t supposed to say it, then this song isn#x2019;t for you. #x201C;For us,#x201D; she sings #x2014; #x201C;this [expletive] is for us.#x201D; The song#x2019;s title references the clothing line of the as a result spain the united states gained, same name #x2014; F.U.B.U., For Us By Us. At its height in differentiation, the late #x2019;90s, F.U.B.U. was synonymous with black cool: I wore it in high school despite the clothes being impractical for my too-tall, too-thin frame.
And the song appears on Knowles#x2019;s recent album, #x201C;A Seat at the Table,#x201D; after an interlude featuring the of natural, rapper Master P., whose stories of success as an independent music artist and executive help provide thematic shape to types the project. For many of Children Television Violence Essay us who were young and differentiation black, or young and black and Southern, like Knowles, during the years when he dominated the rap charts, his story has always been inspirational. #x201C;If you don#x2019;t understand my record, you don#x2019;t understand me, so this is not for Current Account, you,#x201D; he says. Songs that can be described as #x201C;black-empowerment music#x201D; make up a genre as diverse as that of differentiation black music itself. Health Interpreting! There are the time-tested tracks that focus on pride, like James Brown#x2019;s #x201C;Say It Loud #x2014; I#x2019;m Black and I#x2019;m Proud,#x201D; and Nina Simone#x2019;s #x201C;Young, Gifted and Black.#x201D; There are anthems that speak to struggle and protest, like Bob Marley#x2019;s #x201C;Get Up Stand Up#x201D; and Kendrick Lamar#x2019;s #x201C;Alright.#x201D; And there are a plethora of doggedly sunny ditties like Nas#x2019;s #x201C;I Can#x201D; and differentiation types Jaheim#x2019;s #x201C;Fabulous.#x201D; Knowles#x2019;s #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; hews closer to the first two categories, and a majority of its messages of pride and Protecting Children from Violence protest are nuanced, centering the individual over the collective. She allows that not every black person will relate to the experiences she recounts: #x201C;When you feeling all alone/And you can#x2019;t even be you up in your home/When you even feeling it from your own.#x201D; The song pushes past one litmus test for the black-empowerment anthem #x2014; that it present itself as made for black listeners, broadly #x2014; and differentiation types tries to as a war with the united reach an even more elusive audience: the black listener who maybe hasn#x2019;t felt included in such messages before. Types! Art finds who it finds, and the white gaze lands where it lands. The more you try to ignore it, the more it seems keen on cleopatras children, dissecting you. Knowles is aware of this. The deliberate rejection of white scrutiny is types, part of a long tradition of black art-making. In his famous 1926 essay, #x201C;The Negro Artist and as a of the spain the united the Racial Mountain,#x201D; which would serve as the young poet#x2019;s artistic manifesto, Langston Hughes declared that younger black artists should create #x201C;without fear or shame.
If white people are pleased, we are glad. If they are not, it doesn#x2019;t matter.#x201D; It#x2019;s the sort of thing emerging black writers #x2014; me included #x2014; have to remind themselves when putting pen to paper, lest we succumb to pandering for white attention. In #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; Knowles doesn#x2019;t just eschew the differentiation, white gaze for the sake of creating her art; she performs that rejection in song, to pull her black listeners close. It#x2019;s a rhetorical invitation for black folks to grab a chair and settle in for real talk about lives like theirs. To her white listeners (who are listening, after all), she offers a tongue-in-cheek indictment as consolation: #x201C;Don#x2019;t feel bad if you can#x2019;t sing along/Just be glad you got the whole wide world.#x201D; The verses in as a result in 1898, gained, #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; outline microaggressions, but the types, song isn#x2019;t #x201C;about#x201D; microaggression; it#x2019;s about recognition. #x201C;When a nigga tryna board the plane/And they ask you, #x2018;What#x2019;s your name again?#x2019;/#x2019;Cause they thinking, Yeah, you#x2019;re all the same,#x201D; Knowles sings.
This is the as a result war with in 1898, the united, sonic equivalent of differentiation shaking out your hair after long hours of wearing it pulled back and tied down for work, putting on your sweatpants and calling your girlfriend to tell her about the result war with in 1898, the united states, day you had. Between black folks, recounting microaggressions can offer valuable confirmation that you#x2019;re not crazy, that someone else sees you. It#x2019;s commiseration, but without the types, misery, because the slights are both hurtful and numbingly commonplace. Knowles isn#x2019;t listing racial slights on #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; to educate those who perpetuate them; she does it to foster intimacy with her listeners. Account Essay! I first heard the song at the gym, on differentiation types, a cheap pair of headphones, so the bass on cleopatras children, the record wasn#x2019;t at the forefront as it should have been. The warbled notes of the differentiation types, piano and Health organ sounded muffled, as if underwater. On even very good headphones, the song#x2019;s dragged-down pace is reminiscent of screw music #x2014; the differentiation types, slow-motion, purposefully warped aesthetic born in Knowles#x2019;s native Houston. The featured artists are a nod to R.B. over the past two decades. The-Dream sings in an airy falsetto, making the line #x201C;I didn#x2019;t come back down to earth to die#x201D; sound resolute instead of bitter. The relative newcomer BJ the Current Account, Chicago Kid#x2019;s delivery #x2014; by differentiation types, turns exuberant and plaintive #x2014; is like that of a soloist during Sunday praise and darwin's of natural worship. The backing vocals by Tweet are a special treat for those of types us who sometimes shake our fists at Care Interpreting the sky, wondering what ever happened to that singer and her hypnotizing voice.
For all its angst and exasperation, #x201C;F.U.B.U.#x201D; is a party song, just not one for the nightclub. Its measured cadence and dragging bass are perfect for a spontaneous, low-key house party. You might be able to pull off a drawn-out, stylized two-step to #x201C;F.U.B.U.,#x201D; but really it#x2019;s a rhythm tailored to differentiation the simple head-nod #x2014; an appropriate move for a song about recognition. Its boisterous horns call to mind the Television Violence Essay, New Orleans second line, those musical parades marched both for celebration and for mourning. Knowles wrote lyrics for #x201C;A Seat at the Table#x201D; in New Iberia, La., where her mother#x2019;s family hails from. Her mother, Tina Lawson, has said that her family was essentially run out of town following a salt-mine collapse involving her father. In the differentiation, contentious aftermath, a Molotov cocktail was thrown through the window of their home. They didn#x2019;t go far #x2014; less than 300 miles west to Galveston, Tex. Hasty separation leaves a generational longing all the same. It follows that an album created in a town once fled for fear of cleopatras children white violence should include #x201C;F.U.B.U.,#x201D; a song that creates a space where black listeners might feel prized just for being seen.#x2666; Angela Flournoy is the types, author of #x201C;The Turner House#x201D; and a fellow at darwin's of natural the New York Public Library#x2019;s Cullman Center.
Bubble-gum-pop queen turns tongue-in-cheek sex bomb. When a young pop star outgrows the wholesome, teeny-bopper sound that made her career, we tend to watch the results while peeking through our fingers, terrified of types what we#x2019;ll see. This is how we watched as Christina Aguilera put on her #x201C;Dirrty#x201D; leather chaps, as Britney Spears stepped out of her #x201C;little girl#x201D; world on #x201C;I#x2019;m a Slave 4 U,#x201D; as Miley Cyrus awkwardly fraternized with a stripper pole at the Teen Choice Awards. What makes these moments so cringeworthy is their self-seriousness, their declaration that to www my eg com be adult is to be sexy #x2014; and to be sexy is to types be straight-faced, preferably with a well-oiled body, writhing and pining for as a states gained, male approval. Ariana Grande, pop music#x2019;s tiny, adorable diva, could easily have found herself in such a position. Differentiation Types! A former Broadway actress and the former star of the Nickelodeon show #x201C;Sam Cat,#x201D; she has an unabashed theater-kid spirit and a flair for costume #x2014; you often find her wearing cat ears and thigh-high vinyl boots. Her songs are brassy, retro numbers that deal with gushy PG-13 love, and she has a tendency to oversell them with the zeal of www my eg com a collegiate a cappella singer, her impressive vocal range pushing against the edges of her bubble-gum hits as if trying to pop them entirely. Grande, still straddling the line between child star and adult hitmaker, is in the prime risk group for hypersexed transition songs.
And on #x201C;Side to Side,#x201D; the biggest single from types her excellent third album, #x201C;Dangerous Woman,#x201D; she#x2019;s aiming for something grown-and-sexy. #x201C;Side to Side#x201D; has her tapping the same watered-down dancehall trend that fueled songs like Justin Bieber#x2019;s #x201C;Sorry#x201D; and Care Interpreting Drake#x2019;s #x201C;Controlla,#x201D; with lyrics about sleeping with a bad secret boyfriend she keeps hidden from her friends. #x201C;I#x2019;ve been here all night/I#x2019;ve been here all day/And boy got me walking side to types side,#x201D; she sings. Walking that way, Grande hinted in an interview last year with MTV #x2014; just in case anyone didn#x2019;t get it #x2014; is as a spain states gained, a result of having too much sex, too vigorously. It#x2019;s a huge hit. The song, in which Nicki Minaj coolly raps about differentiation types, riding a bicycle as if it were a male member (or vice versa), as if she were starring in Violence Essay, some psychosexual Cronenberg horror film, has more than 420 million plays on Spotify. Differentiation! But #x201C;Side to Side#x201D; isn#x2019;t exactly sexy. Of The In 1898, The United States! With its coy innuendo, as well as a video that uses SoulCycle-esque bikes as a metaphor for Grande#x2019;s sexual workouts, #x201C;Side to Side#x201D; plays more like a giggly inside joke.
We#x2019;re in a golden age for types, things like this: media made by women, aimed at women, in children, which sex is explicit, messy and, most important, funny. Listening to #x201C;Side to Side,#x201D; I#x2019;m reminded of Issa Rae#x2019;s HBO series #x201C;Insecure,#x201D; in which Rae#x2019;s eyes continually wander to an ex named Daniel, whom her best friend describes as Rae#x2019;s Achilles#x2019; heel #x2014; except instead of #x201C;heel,#x201D; she uses a certain nickname for a phallus. On shows like #x201C;Broad City#x201D; or Amazon#x2019;s #x201C;Fleabag,#x201D; female protagonists dig into their worst and raunchiest sexual impulses. Last year, the Swedish pop star Tove Lo named her record #x201C;Lady Wood,#x201D; a goofy, equal-opportunity reinvention of stereotypical male arousal. With its brazenly over-the-top premise, #x201C;Side to Side#x201D; joins them, beating you to the punch line about Grande#x2019;s revamp as Sexy Adult. It doesn#x2019;t feel as if it#x2019;s designed to stir anyone#x2019;s arousal #x2014; only their laughter. Does this song sound ridiculous? Well, that#x2019;s the point. In a genre that fetishizes sexual passion that lasts for differentiation, eternity, Grande#x2019;s song happily delivers comic realism, with a surprisingly smart wink.#x2666; Hazel Cills is a staff writer for www my eg com, MTV News. What would black music sound like in differentiation types, an alternate universe?
By THOMAS CHATTERTON WILLIAMS. The genius of #x201C;Fade,#x201D; the penultimate track on Kanye West#x2019;s living work of art, #x201C;The Life of Pablo,#x201D; is evident from the children, opening lines, a sample from the white Motown group Rare Earth. But it was a half-minute in, at that first unmistakable rip of bass, that I lost my mind. Like many of differentiation West#x2019;s songs, #x201C;Fade#x201D; is built around several commingling samples. Its rhythmic backbone is the www my eg com, deceptively simple arrangement from the 1985 classic #x201C;Mystery of Love,#x201D; by Larry Heard, better known as Mr. Fingers. That track, along with a handful of others, marks a seminal moment in the history of deep house #x2014; a rich and criminally neglected chapter in the book of black music. Today it#x2019;s easy to forget that in types, the early and mid-#x2019;80s there existed a window when New York rap, Chicago house and Detroit techno #x2014; as well as a slew of other fledgling genres and as a war with spain subcultures #x2014; functioned more or less as equals, each as likely as the next to flounder or thrive. Types! New York won the contest handily, and Care Interpreting Essays now hip-hop has so thoroughly subsumed mainstream black culture that it often feels as if earlier artistic forms have either been eradicated or retrofitted to its preferences (see: funk, R.B. and jazz). Types! House music #x2014; much like West himself #x2014; is unabashedly black and Protecting Violence Essay Chicago-bred, but somewhere along the line, it grew cozy in Europe and came to be seen as catering to white people. And though it has only ever managed to find significant audiences overseas, this transfixing style of types minimal electronic dance music was pioneered by Midwestern D.J.s spinning mainly for children, black and gay audiences looking to #x201C;jack#x201D; their bodies at Windy City nightclubs like the differentiation types, Muzic Box and Protecting from Violence the Warehouse (where, under the stewardship of Frankie Knuckles, the differentiation, style was birthed and named).
While trailblazers like Mr. Fingers #x2014; a virtuosic multi-instrumentalist #x2014; are worshiped in London, Paris and Berlin, they are barely remembered back at home. #x201C;Fade#x201D; sets out to correct this. Cleopatras! Onto the wide-open surface #x201C;Mystery of Love#x201D; provides, West spreads out his own sparse raps alongside what grows into an aural smorgasbord of samples, allusions and guest appearances spanning eras and differentiation types ethnicities #x2014; #x2019;90s Nuyorican house, the Essays, white rapper/singer Post Malone #x2014; a subtle reminder of the outsize influence of black aesthetics on all manner of types American and global culture. From Violence Essay! Which is why, as a radio-friendly hit (with an awe-inspiring video to boot), #x201C;Fade#x201D; feels not only generous but subversive: In the span of a little over three minutes, it gives the lie to simplistic conceptions of musical borders. West has always displayed a rare encyclopedic and intuitive grasp of both mainstream and regional black sounds, from types traditional gospel and R.B. to college-inflected spoken word and even black Greek stepping, not to mention dance, reggae, trap and drill music. He knows that, glimpsed from the proper vantage, these are but facets of the www my eg com, same, constantly shifting whole.
I don#x2019;t think there is differentiation, another pop star who could conceive of such a medley, let alone bring it to life in a way that coheres. Yet #x201C;Fade#x201D; doesn#x2019;t just cohere; it functions as a sly and infectious meditation on the variety of formal possibilities of charles of natural black sound #x2014; as invented and differentiation types interpreted by Health, black people themselves as well as Latinos and types white people. It also serves as a bittersweet thought experiment: Things could have been otherwise. Current Essay! Imagine, if you will, a world in which Mr. Fingers got his due.#x2666; Thomas Chatterton Williams is types, a contributing writer for the magazine. The counter-diva who brings a comedian#x2019;s timing and sensibility to jazz. By MARGO JEFFERSON. H ow can you tell the singer from the song?
On a good day, you can#x2019;t #x2014; so let#x2019;s start with the singer. She#x2019;s C#xE9;cile McLorin Salvant, a 27-year-old with an exhilarating command of the Essays, jazz vocal tradition, which has long been dominated by women, many of them black. Salvant#x2019;s parents are French-Guadeloupean and Haitian; she grew up in Miami studying classical music, then moved to Paris and added jazz to her studies. In 2010, she won the differentiation, Thelonious Monk Institute International Jazz Vocals Competition; three albums later, #x201C;For One to Love#x201D; won the jazz vocal album of the cleopatras, year at types the 2016 Grammy Awards. I said she#x2019;s in children, #x201C;command of#x201D; the types, jazz tradition. Better to say she#x2019;s in communion with it. I like how she listens.
I like how she tests herself and learns as she performs. Salvant has a supple, well-trained voice with spot-on pitch. (No vibrato-teases; no meandering warbles passing as melisma.) Her low notes go from Protecting Children from Television Essay husky to full-bodied; her high notes float purely and cleanly. When she scats, it#x2019;s not an ego trip but a musical game, where notes and types syllables get to shape-shift. Like many young jazz singers, she does the Account Deficits, Great American Songbook #x2014; the Gershwins, Rodgers and Hart or Hammerstein, Sondheim, Ellington. Differentiation! The risk? Sounding decorous and derivative. Like some other young jazz singers, she does the black vaudeville hits of Bert Williams and Bessie Smith, even some of the exotica that female musicians once tossed out to keep their fans tantalized. Here the risk is Health, archness: the knowing postmodern wink. I wouldn#x2019;t be writing about differentiation, Salvant if she had fallen into either trap. But mainstream success has other traps.
And while it has been a long time since jazz was at the center of pop commerce, the star- (or cult-) making machinery still labors to produce familiar types. Especially for women, and even more especially for result in 1898, states, black women. For black women in pop music, the dominant and preferred model remains the Diva. Here#x2019;s my personal theory. Differentiation Types! The black diva#x2019;s obverse is the black matriarch, that forceful mammy, maid or housekeeper, whose mythic reign lasted through a century of film and television. And yes, it#x2019;s a long way from Health Care mammy to diva, but there#x2019;s one constant. Types! Racially and socially, this figure is considered lower and lesser. Theatrically, then #x2014; it#x2019;s the law of fantasy compensation #x2014; she must appear greater. Health! In the old days, that meant she was literally bigger, louder, bossier. Now she#x2019;s symbolically bigger: more expansive, more intense, more outrageous. Call the roll of the last half-century, from Patti LaBelle to Fantasia, Jennifer Holliday to differentiation Jennifer Hudson.
My favorites are Aretha Franklin and result of the spain in 1898, the united states gained Tina Turner because of their contradictions. There#x2019;s a core reserve, even sadness in Franklin, while Turner channeled her lust-goddess intensity through the dance moves of differentiation a gritty pugilist. Beyonc#xE9; and Rihanna are the grandest of contemporary divas. Their social, financial and cultural riches are vast; they command global kingdoms. They aren#x2019;t prey to traditional diva narratives of abuse or self-destruction; they turn all vulnerabilities into victories. Beyonc#xE9; is the gracious sovereign, Rihanna the cocky bad girl turned It Girl. Darwin's Theory Of Natural Selection! But they share a mandate: The Black Diva must flaunt, court and rule.
Jazz divas have tended to have alter egos. Billie Holiday was a laconic wit before she was the Lady with the Gardenia; Sarah Vaughan could counter her Divine One with up-tempo Sassy. Dinah (The Queen) Washington was also a salty good-time gal. I hear their traces in Salvant#x2019;s singing, and it gives me great pleasure to watch her revise the tropes of black divadom. Types! Don#x2019;t misunderstand #x2014; she#x2019;s not an anti-diva. I#x2019;d call her a counter-diva: the heroine as ebullient comedian. Listen to charles theory of natural her version of #x201C;The Trolley Song#x201D; from the 1944 hit film #x201C;Meet Me In St. Differentiation! Louis.#x201D; This is Violence, a song that could give any singer acute Anxiety of differentiation types Influence symptoms. It began as Judy Garland#x2019;s clarion love call, then entered the jazz repertory to Account Deficits Essay be taken up by Sarah Vaughan and Betty Carter. Vaughan#x2019;s version is speedy and pristinely seductive; Carter#x2019;s is a daredevil blend of swing and abstract expressionism. Salvant pays homage to all three with touches of loving parody #x2014; Garland#x2019;s girlishness, Vaughan#x2019;s love for her own silky vibrato, Carter#x2019;s near-manic tempo changes #x2014; finding her own interpretation.
The train rhythms stop, start and stutter; so does Salvant#x2019;s voice. Our heroine is thinking and feeling her way, note by note, word by word, into exuberant infatuation, fashioning a romantic-comedy monologue in which the woman surprises herself with each turn of phrase and tempo. Salvant, like all counter-divas, constructs her look with care. Hers is gamine glam: Her face is round, her hair close-cropped. She wears big, blocky white glasses #x2014; a droll trademark, like Fats Waller#x2019;s derby; a red fascinator with feathers that look like insect feelers. The black counter-diva is now making her way into the culture at large. I hear her when the differentiation types, mezzo-soprano Alicia Hall Moran builds a song around nothing but a repeated #x201C;Shhhh#x201D; or arranges to fuse John Dowland#x2019;s #x201C;Flow My Tears#x201D; and Smokey Robinson#x2019;s #x201C;Cruisin#x2019;.#x201D; She#x2019;s in the mischief that snakes through Corinne Bailey Rae#x2019;s rueful feathery songs too. I see her when Tracee Ellis Ross goes goofy on #x201C;black-ish.#x201D; (It#x2019;s as if she has reclaimed the soubrette wit her mother renounced for lofty grandeur.) I like how Rashida Jones uses cheerful slapstick to from counter her sweet-girl prettiness in differentiation, #x201C;Angie Tribeca.#x201D; As Lucca Quinn, the cleopatras children, clever lawyer on #x201C;The Good Wife#x201D; and #x201C;The Good Fight,#x201D; Cush Jumbo seems to be letting us in on a private joke; a tiny pause, the differentiation, hint of a double-take, suggests a quizzical #x201C;Can I get away with this?#x201D; and a gleeful #x201C;OMG, I just did.#x201D; And won#x2019;t it be fun to watch Lupita Nyong#x2019;o in Current Account, the film version of Chimamanda Adiche#x2019;s #x201C;Americanah#x201D;? Freed from period dramas that stretch from slavery to the Empire galaxy, she will bring her talents to a here-and-now comedy of morals and manners. John Gielgud once said that style is differentiation, knowing what play you#x2019;re in.
It#x2019;s true for as a war with the united states, all performers who work with varied traditions and repertories. And it means that the differentiation, performer must know what age she is performing in, and www my eg com why. Along with a merry band of counter-divas, Salvant is thinking hard about what conventions, habits and desires need revising #x2014; in her art, and in her audience.#x2666; Margo Jefferson is the author of #x201C;Negroland: A Memoir.#x201D; A boozy toast to friendship. Types! By BOBBY FINGER. When Lady Gaga, draped in what looked like the silver uniform for a sport that hadn#x2019;t yet been invented, jumped off the roof of NRG Stadium at cleopatras the Super Bowl this year, she reaped the benefits of a safe-but-exciting performance almost immediately. Fireworks shows and types rip-roaring acrobatics and Account Deficits Essay dancing in differentiation, front of a group of second-rate backup dancers in capes are the result of the war with states gained, kind of broadly appealing theatrics that generate awe without shock, intrigue without the threat of differentiation controversy. Her albums shot to the top of the music charts, her performance was roundly praised by fans and critics and more than 111 million viewers were reminded that her 2009 single #x201C;Bad Romance#x201D; still bangs. This wasn#x2019;t Lady Gaga#x2019;s comeback, as many claimed: She never really left us, nor had she abandoned the music that made her famous. Two of Gaga#x2019;s early albums, #x201C;The Fame#x201D; (2008) and #x201C;Born This Way#x201D; (2011), were bursting at theory selection the seams with instantly memorable dance-pop hits. But after her fourth solo album, the both fairly and unfairly maligned #x201C;Artpop#x201D; (2013), failed to deliver that kind of instant success, Gaga redirected her focus from an ostentatious existence #x2014; she wore a dress of raw beef to the 2010 MTV Video Music Awards, after all #x2014; to less-bombastic acts of musical bravura that showcased her virtuosic skills as both a singer and a pianist. Last October, she released her much-anticipated fifth album, the deeply personal and country-tinged #x201C;Joanne.#x201D; So when she fell to Earth during last month#x2019;s Super Bowl and performed the differentiation, hits that made her famous, fans who thought #x201C;Joanne,#x201D; with its stripped-down production and abundance of twang, was yet another sign that she had abandoned her old ways were able to breathe a sigh of relief: Gaga#x2019;s verve hadn#x2019;t gone anywhere.
It#x2019;s a message she made clear in Current Deficits, #x201C;Grigio Girls,#x201D; a midtempo acoustic bonus track and types the album#x2019;s best song. Protecting Children From Violence! In #x201C;Grigio Girls,#x201D; Gaga recalls a moment in her early 20s when she was #x201C;spiraling out,#x201D; only to differentiation types be saved by Deficits, the contagious spirit of differentiation her 30-something friend Sonja Durham, who was battling breast cancer at www my eg com the time. #x201C;Grigio Girls#x201D; is an ode to differentiation types friendship and charles theory selection singing along to types your favorite songs off-key. But through some strange alchemy involving pop-culture references and cheap wine, it manages to cleopatras do more than just celebrate sisterhood: It#x2019;s proof that Gaga is still fundamentally Gaga, whether she#x2019;s wrapped in types, meat or the arm of her recent collaborator, Tony Bennett. Though explicitly about Dunham and the inspirational #x201C;tough girl#x201D; persona she shared with Joanne Germanotta (Gaga#x2019;s aunt, who died in 1974 and for whom the album is named), #x201C;Grigio Girls#x201D; becomes something more universal once Gaga#x2019;s own voice is joined by the backing harmony. #x201C;Sisters never pack up,#x201D; the singers reassure us. #x201C;We always run back.#x201D;#x2666; Bobby Finger is a staff writer for Jezebel and co-host of as a result war with in 1898, states #x201C;Who? Weekly.#x201D; A woman#x2019;s unabashed appreciation of women. By HANNAH GIORGIS. Y oung M.A#x2019;s music sounds like summer: It buzzes, bumps, burns. It#x2019;s hot. #x201C;OOOUUU,#x201D; the types, Brooklyn artist#x2019;s single from last May, both soundtracked the sweltering season and cemented its place in Health Essays, party rotations well into the colder months, and well beyond New York. It finds the confident East New York-born newcomer relaxed, but not sedate. Her opening line is #x201C;Yo, bro, I think I had too much Hennessy, man#x201D; #x2014; and differentiation M.A has said she was intentionally #x201C;smizz and drizz#x201D; (that is, drunk) while recording it, #x201C;so it feels authentic.#x201D; Hennessy is not known for Current Account Deficits, encouraging rest, and M.A rides the beat with an energy that is at once frenetic and hazy.
A slew of clever punch lines invite you to rap alongside her #x2014; to feel yourself too. And with spacey, futuristic production from U-Dub of NY Bangers, #x201C;OOOUUU#x201D; insists you respect its groove by dancing with your whole body. When you hear it in the club, muscle memory takes over. Like some of the best New York rap that preceded it, the track emboldens. Differentiation! M.A told the website Genius that the www my eg com, song wasn#x2019;t modeled after fellow Brooklyn rapper Bobby Shmurda#x2019;s #x201C;Hot Nigga,#x201D; but the two share similar beats #x2014; and #x201C;OOOUUU#x201D; lends itself perfectly to differentiation the #x201C;Shmoney Dance#x201D; that took over Vine in 2014 and turned Shmurda into a viral star.
The city#x2019;s rappers took note: Less than a year since its release, the track has been remixed by from Television Violence, local heavyweights like Nicki Minaj, French Montana, 50 Cent, Jadakiss and differentiation Remy Ma. The original song is full of references to M.A#x2019;s own life in Brooklyn, where she#x2019;s #x201C;in these streets more than Sesame.#x201D; While the track#x2019;s narrative might span only one day, it feels firmly grounded in Health Care Interpreting Essays, the habitual: Young M.A raps what she knows. Differentiation Types! She#x2019;s not only a woman rapping but also a masculine-presenting queer woman in an industry that is charles darwin's theory of natural, dominated by heterosexual men. Queer hip-hop artists are hardly new; rappers like Le1f, Zebra Katz, Mykki Blanco, Cakes Da Killa and many others have been at the forefront of shifting the genre#x2019;s landscape in recent years, and types rumors of as a result in 1898, states gained sexual fluidity have always surrounded many of types hip-hop#x2019;s biggest stars, both despite and because of the industry#x2019;s reputation for homophobia. (Queer women in Children Television Essay, particular must grapple with intersecting axes of misogyny and differentiation types homophobia.) Still, M.A seems refreshing, and Account quintessentially New York, in her frankness. She is who she is. The #x201C;OOOUUU#x201D; punch lines that inspire the most raucous singalongs are those in which she speaks, openly and matter-of-factly, about sex with another woman.
Rapping about women is not the entirety of differentiation types her catalog, nor is it a gimmick; she simply traffics in the same kind of Essays braggadocio the industry#x2019;s men are often known for, which is to say she#x2019;s your average Bed-Stuy stud. M.A is seductive #x2014; even to women who don#x2019;t identify as lesbian, queer or bisexual #x2014; and she knows it. If M.A#x2019;s contemporary Remy Ma is conceited, M.A is cocky: #x201C;If that#x2019;s your chick, then why she textin#x2019; me?/Why she keep calling my phone speaking sexually?#x201D; The lines that follow are salacious, but they#x2019;re not performative. M.A may be a commanding, bite-her-lip-when-she-looks-in-your-direction queer woman, but her music neither starts nor ends there. What#x2019;s more significant than M.A#x2019;s queerness is the way she deftly weaves references to sex with women into her music without overstating or explaining them. If you know, you know. And if you don#x2019;t, you can still enjoy her music #x2014; but M.A isn#x2019;t going to waste her bars enlightening you.#x2666; Hannah Giorgis is the special-projects editor for The Ringer. A #x2019;70s rock star#x2019;s troubles, and a 68-year-old soul singer#x2019;s.
By CHARLES AARON. Types! A chord from a Hammond B3 organ quavers, and Charles Bradley#x2019;s head snaps up, his eyes locking with the camera. When the woozy accompaniment hits, his deep-creased face wrenches; he shakes his head, places his palms together and gazes Godward. Current Deficits! So begins the remarkable video for Bradley#x2019;s soul rendition of Black Sabbath#x2019;s 1972 gloom-folk lament #x201C;Changes#x201D; #x2014; no lip-syncing, just the 68-year-old singer in a black turtleneck against a blank backdrop. For six minutes, as his sculpted rasp wails, Bradley uses his face and hands to silently act out a vast grief, one at which the plain-spoken lyrics, originally written about the Sabbath drummer Bill Ward#x2019;s breakup with his first wife, only hint. Bradley conceived his version while comforting and reconciling with his dying mother, but even if you didn#x2019;t know that, his pantomime would still rip you up. Types! #x201C;Changes#x201D; was originally the product of rock#x2019;s early-#x2019;70s commercial largess. After three albums spent forging heavy metal in as a of the war with gained, the unglamorous English Midlands, Sabbath was afforded a Bel Air mansion to record its fourth. The house was filled with equipment and enough drugs to get #x201C;coked out of our brains every day,#x201D; as the bassist Geezer Butler recalled in #x201C;Black Sabbath: Doom Let Loose,#x201D; Martin Popoff#x2019;s illustrated history of the band. One debauched night, the guitarist Tony Iommi wandered over to a grand piano in the manse#x2019;s ballroom and tapped out the differentiation, melody of #x201C;Changes.#x201D; Butler wrote the lyrics, and Protecting Television Violence Ozzy Osbourne, the singer, found some gentle nuance in them, despite being in such a drug-freaked state that he was #x201C;dreaming there was, like, a tape machine coming into my room and eating me.#x201D; When Bradley#x2019;s guitarist, Tom Brenneck, raised the idea of covering #x201C;Changes,#x201D; he had never heard of Black Sabbath. Types! #x201C;But as I was learning the song, my mom was very ill, and she was talking to me a lot, and what she was saying fit the cleopatras, lyrics,#x201D; he told me. #x201C;Before that song, I was just trying to forget about her dying. But how can you forget the deepness of your mom finally telling you about her personal life and differentiation types what she#x2019;d gone through?#x201D; Osbourne was so impressed by Protecting Children Television Violence Essay, Bradley#x2019;s version that he sent an differentiation types appreciative email. Bradley#x2019;s relationship with his mother was deeply fraught.
She left her 8-month-old son to move from cleopatras Gainesville, Fla., to Brooklyn, then sent for differentiation, him when he was 8. He left at 14, saying she was abusive. Decades later, she begged him to come home to Brooklyn and take care of her. He agreed, reluctantly, but time didn#x2019;t soften his resentment. It was only when she finally shared the terror she experienced in the Jim Crow South of the 1930s and #x2019;40s #x2014; and her struggles as a single mother of Violence Essay three in Bed-Stuy #x2014; that he was able to see his mother clearly. By 2011, when Bradley released the first of three top-shelf albums for types, the Brooklyn label Daptone, he was 62 and Care Interpreting Essays badly scarred by his own misfortunes. Even his ensuing, 11th-hour success has come at a cost: He has been pressured to support family and friends, and because his artistic method demands a deep emotional connection with his material, he has found himself revisiting buried memories of homelessness and violence. Late last year, he underwent a debilitating operation for stomach cancer. When I spoke with him in February, he was making plans to differentiation sing again, but his voice was practically a whisper. Cleopatras Children! Still, he eagerly testified about #x201C;Changes.#x201D; #x201C;Oh, my God,#x201D; he said, #x201C;when I heard the middle of the differentiation, song, where it#x2019;s, #x2018;It took so long/To realize/That I can still hear/Her last goodbyes,#x2019; that really touched my soul, truthfully.
I used to think my mom was evil, but we were able to cleopatras find forgiveness at the end of her life. Now I can go out into the world without animosity or anger and differentiation show people the love in my soul.#x201D;#x2666; Charles Aaron is a contributing writer for MTV News. On the boldness and cowardice of love. Of Natural! By JASON PARHAM. Five years ago, on differentiation, a sticky July afternoon, I stood in the kitchen of a friend#x2019;s apartment, face jammed to an iridescent iPhone screen, poring over Frank Ocean#x2019;s #x201C;coming out letter.#x201D; What seemed radical then now feels so achingly true to Ocean#x2019;s uncategorizable spirit: He#x2019;d posted a screen shot of a TextEdit file to his personal Tumblr page and, in the echo of a Lucille Clifton or Countee Cullen poem, detailed his summers-long relationship with another man, his first love.
Five years later, one passage in it has yet to unhook itself from me: #x201C;HUMAN BEINGS SPINNING ON BLACKNESS. Health Care! ALL WANTING TO BE SEEN, TOUCHED, HEARD, PAID ATTENTION TO.#x201D; Whether you have the types, emotional bandwidth to admit it or not, all of us, at some point in result in 1898, states gained, our volatile existence on Earth, want to be acknowledged by differentiation, another human being #x2014; seen, touched, heard and paid attention to, and selection not just platonically. Maybe those two lines jolted me because I live in differentiation, an ebb-and-flow of denial about my own romantic relationships. Of the four semi-serious ones I#x2019;ve had, not one has lasted longer than a year. (Once I asked an ex, with whom I#x2019;d remained on good terms, to of natural selection send me a favorite sentence of hers for a collaborative writing project I was working on; maybe half-jokingly, but probably not, she responded with the St. Vincent lyric #x201C;Your heart is a strange little orange to peel.#x201D;) And if music, like all art, should be an exercise in just how honest you are willing to be with yourself, then here are two truths: One is differentiation, that I have never once known the texture of love #x2014; its nirvana-inducing high, its valley of heartbreak. The other is the logical, dead-on explanation for this #x2014; I am a coward. Theory! I refuse to take my guard down and open up. Cowardice is also something you innately recognize in another. And on #x201C;Seigfried,#x201D; a moody, astral slow burner from types Frank Ocean#x2019;s #x201C;Blonde,#x201D; I see an ideal palette for children, Ocean to differentiation types mask cowardice as love.
Has self-confliction ever sounded this divine? Over a bed of drowned-out guitar chords, he sings: #x201C;Maybe I#x2019;m a fool/To settle for a place with some nice views/Maybe I should move/And settle down, two kids and a swimming pool/I#x2019;m not brave.#x201D; But it#x2019;s the result war with in 1898, states, end of the types, song that finds Ocean sounding his most tormented. #x201C;I#x2019;d do anything for you,#x201D; he croons in the final minute, pausing for a beat and then adding, #x201C;in the dark.#x201D; He repeats the line five or six times. It#x2019;s such a pure exchange, and www my eg com a beautiful one too. Feelings run up against one another: vulnerability and types intimacy, the possibility of love. But there#x2019;s also that undercurrent of cowardice. It#x2019;s a deep, genuine promise with a built-in provision. I am yours, but only when the lights are low and no one is looking. Perhaps it#x2019;s not a surprising admission in Protecting Children Television, a song that borrows from the singer-songwriter Elliott Smith, himself an effigy of melancholia, who died in 2003. But Ocean has always seemed so unafraid to differentiation types me, both in his personal life and in the way his music emerges from the inside out. I suppose the bravery we see in him is evidenced by Children from Television Violence, his very promise: though cloaked in a haze of types emotional discord, it is of the war with in 1898, the united states, one offered on his terms (Ocean has insisted on differentiation types, this position of www my eg com self-authorship and ownership with increasing brazenness ever since the success of his first LP, #x201C;Channel Orange#x201D;). Maybe he has become more of the man he has always wanted to be in the years since the summer of 2012.
I certainly haven#x2019;t. Differentiation! The truth is, many of us are still #x201C;spinning on of natural selection, blackness#x201D; in differentiation types, our day-to-day lives #x2014; at times lost, afraid, uncertain. But tonight, here in charles darwin's theory of natural selection, the dark and away from everybody else, Ocean#x2019;s orchestral psalm is a reminder that you can still be in differentiation, full control, even if that means retreating to a place you vowed never to war with spain the united return to. It is only with this kind of startling humanness #x2014; wading through life#x2019;s moral gray #x2014; that Ocean could deliver such a promise. Because, really, this isn#x2019;t about love or lust; it#x2019;s about power.
Harness it. Types! Hold it close. And don#x2019;t let go.#x2666; Jason Parham is a senior editor for The Fader magazine. Growing up wondering if the American dream is for you. G rowing up in America, I experienced two puberties.
The first opened me up to the possibilities of www my eg com adulthood. The second reinforced that for someone like me #x2014; an immigrant, a minority, an Asian-American #x2014; there were limits. In this second coming-of-age, I had to contend with the pain of differentiation wanting a beautiful white body, not out of some misguided vanity, but because I saw over and over how whiteness conferred an instant legitimacy. Cleopatras Children! So when the indie musician Mitski Miyawaki titled her fourth studio album #x201C;Puberty 2,#x201D; I felt an immediate flicker of recognition. I felt another when she released the first single, #x201C;Your Best American Girl,#x201D; last March. Coming from someone like Mitski, who was born in Japan to a Japanese mother and an American father, the title alone was powerful enough to differentiation types reopen a wound that had been rotting inside me ever since I came of age as an cleopatras Asian girl in America: an old hatred for differentiation, myself, my culture, the way I looked and the way I was raised. Result Of The In 1898, States! The simple bass line that opens the song should feel familiar to differentiation types anyone who ever bobbed along with #x2019;90s indie rock while indulging in self-pity (as I most certainly did). Mitski murmurs and sighs and Children Television Essay sings about a lover. #x201C;If I could, I#x2019;d be your little spoon/And kiss your fingers forever more.#x201D; Did it mean something to me to differentiation types hear another Asian-American woman refer to herself in the diminutive? Of course it did, and even more to Care Essays hear her sing, #x201C;But big spoon, you have so much to types do/And I have nothing ahead of me.#x201D; The guitar and www my eg com drum beat join in, adding bulk, while Mitski#x2019;s voice remains at a steady, low ache, elevating him to the status of a god, unable to differentiation types imagine that anything could be off-limits to him: #x201C;You#x2019;re the www my eg com, sun, you#x2019;ve never seen the night.#x201D; She denigrates herself again: #x201C;Well, I#x2019;m not the moon, I#x2019;m not even a star.#x201D; Then, after the power chords kick in differentiation types, and the chorus lifts off: #x201C;Your mother wouldn#x2019;t approve of how my mother raised me/But I do, I think I do.#x201D; Mothers have always held such symbolic weight in determining a person#x2019;s worth. Your mother tongue, your motherland, your mother#x2019;s values #x2014; these things can qualify or disqualify you from Account Essay attaining myriad American dreams: love, fluency, citizenship, legitimacy, acceptance, success, freedom. #x201C;You#x2019;re an all-American boy,#x201D; Mitski sings. #x201C;I guess I couldn#x2019;t help trying to be your best American girl.#x201D; I wanted to hear Mitski#x2019;s story in this song, but I only heard my own.
Listening brought me back to the fuzzy #x2019;90s D.I.Y. scene of my adolescence in the suburbs of Long Island, back when no one much questioned why a subculture that saw itself as rebelling against the establishment was quite so dominated by types, white men. Protecting Children From Television Violence! I grew up in that scene, as far as someone like me could #x2014; a self-hating Asian kid with strict immigrant parents who wouldn#x2019;t let me go over to white people#x2019;s houses for fear that their values (laziness, selfishness, drug abuse, sexual promiscuity) would infect me. My mother had two unshakable beliefs that she tried to drill into me. The first was that I had to study and differentiation work twice as hard as my white peers if I wanted to survive in America, and the second was that it was delusional and of the war with spain states gained dangerous to believe I possessed the same freedom white people had to pursue my dreams. We never actually said #x201C;white people#x201D;; we used the Chinese term for differentiation types, #x201C;American,#x201D; mei guo ren . But it was clear which Americans we were referring to. For over a decade, she and Essay my father worked two and sometimes three jobs, on top of night classes, until they saved enough to types move us into an upper-middle-class, mostly white neighborhood. #x201C;You#x2019;ve trapped me,#x201D; I used to argue to her in Children from Television Violence Essay, high school. #x201C;You brought me to this place but you won#x2019;t let me be a part of it.#x201D; When I told my mother I wanted to be a writer, she reacted as if I had said I wanted to kill myself.
She vowed that she would do everything humanly possible to differentiation types stop me. Current Account Deficits! Compared with how she had behaved as a teenager, I was ungrateful; compared with the white mothers I knew, she was a dictator. At her most cutting, she asked me, #x201C;Who#x2019;s ever going to read your stories?#x201D; I was stumped. I couldn#x2019;t say. At that point in my life, kids were still shouting my last name back to me in the hallways as if it were a punch line and asking me if Chinese people really ate dogs. For the first time, it occurred to me that maybe my mother wasn#x2019;t trying to stop me so much as she was trying to protect me. There#x2019;s a line in the second verse of #x201C;Your Best American Girl#x201D;: #x201C;You#x2019;re the one/You#x2019;re all I ever wanted/I think I#x2019;ll regret this.#x201D; It hints at what so many nonwhite Americans have long suspected: that our desire to be loved may be truly masochistic.
It goes unquestioned that the types, non-American girl would want to assimilate into the all-American boy#x2019;s world. But she cannot. That world is not for www my eg com, her. Racism thrives when the people being harmed by it blame themselves and types one another. As a teenager, I blamed my parents for failing to secure me admission into whiteness, which I was certain was a prerequisite to being loved. I was mad at them, not at Essay the cruelty of the differentiation types, American dream or the ways in which white supremacy had warped each of us.
My privileged upbringing and education and linguistic fluency gave me such proximity to whiteness that it stung all the Care Interpreting, more to still find myself outside of differentiation it. My mother, on the other hand, not only accepted that she would always be an outsider in Current Account, this country but also believed it to be a finer fate and home than any other she could have had. As I grow older, I find myself trying to turn to her more, to ask the questions I never asked when I was too busy feeling sorry for myself: why she came here, what it was like to uproot a life and move across the world, whether it was hard to raise me here. Does Mitski#x2019;s narrator really approve of how her mother raised her? It#x2019;s unclear, but you can hear in types, her voice just how much she wants to.#x2666; Jenny Zhang is the author of the forthcoming short-story collection #x201C;Sour Heart.#x201D; Raindrop. Drop top. Is rap music the new punk rock? By NAOMI ZEICHNER. Ever since the election in November, I#x2019;ve gone out more and darwin's selection stayed out later.
This doesn#x2019;t feel glamorous or especially healthy. People who go to clubs regularly are usually there to work #x2014; whether they make or manage or write about music or just labor to look great. You spend more money than you have and try not to think about it, because late at night, positive energy is the most valuable currency. If anything made the hangover the next morning worth the trouble, it was Migos#x2019;s #x201C;Bad and Boujee,#x201D; which dominated parties of all kinds this freakishly warm winter. The Atlanta rap trio #x2014; made up of the rappers Quavo, Offset and Takeoff #x2014; have been around for differentiation, years, but #x201C;Bad and Boujee#x201D; represents their most significant foray into the mainstream, and it#x2019;s still a slightly awkward fit. Interpreting Essays! For a recent music-video shoot, they wore heavy-metal tees and studded leather; Quavo#x2019;s jacket was painted with the differentiation types, skull logo of the Misfits. This is an increasingly common trope in rap these days; many hip-hop artists insist they are rock stars to signal that they are at www my eg com the center of types today#x2019;s counterculture #x2014; which is true.
The trio records constantly and from has worked the live circuit hard. First the rappers conquered Atlanta#x2019;s strip-club scene, then the V.I.P. booths of the surrounding states and then the money of corporations. Differentiation! On their recent album #x201C;Culture,#x201D; Quavo reflects on their lifestyle: #x201C;All this pain, we can live through it. It#x2019;s called success.#x201D; #x201C;Culture#x201D; triumphed on the back of #x201C;Bad and cleopatras Boujee,#x201D; which hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in January after months of types gestation, thanks in part to internet memes that parroted back its most memorable parts. Migos is known for building songs around catchy lines, and of the war with in 1898, the united states gained #x201C;Bad and Boujee#x201D; is expertly crammed with them, from its opening preamble to differentiation its abstract poetic #x201C;raindrop, drop top#x201D; hook and the five ecstatic woos that announce the beginning of Offset#x2019;s verse. Www My Eg Com! The song is nearly six minutes long, and these noises are like souvenirs collected by everyone who has traveled through it, a trip that usually happens at the pinnacle of a night out, when the dance floor is packed and the women in the crowd are ready. #x201C;You can just tell,#x201D; one D.J. friend said, when I asked how he decides when to play it. #x201C;It#x2019;s almost as if someone whispers in your ear, #x2018;It#x2019;s time.#x2019; #x201D; With all its parts to latch onto, #x201C;Bad and Boujee#x201D; draws people together. When its bass shakes, people do, too; you could cut the music off and everyone would still be yelling in unison.
Surrounded by that kind of collective precision, you might find it difficult not to feel less alone. If Migos has to pose in differentiation, punk-rock outfits to be recognized as a voice for www my eg com, its generation, at least it#x2019;s an differentiation types authentic pose: The punks I know love their music deeply. Whether they meant to or not, with #x201C;Bad and cleopatras Boujee,#x201D; Migos created a space of refuge for people who needed a break and were willing to work for it. The song offered a sanctuary: Settle in, stay a while, belong here for as long as you need.#x2666; Naomi Zeichner is the editor in chief of The Fader. By Steven Hyden. Differentiation! Last November, Metallica did something extraordinary: It put out www my eg com a new album, #x201C;Hardwired .#x2009;.#x2009;. to Self-Destruct,#x201D; that actually sounded like Metallica. On paper, a band acting like itself seems normal. But consider Metallica#x2019;s output since its megaselling self-titled LP in 1991, better known as #x201C;The Black Album.#x201D; There was the differentiation types, #x201C;alt-rock haircut#x201D; phase of cleopatras children #x201C;Load and differentiation Re-Load.#x201D; The #x201C;Let#x2019;s stop playing guitar solos#x201D; phase of #x201C;St.
Anger.#x201D; And, most regrettable, the #x201C;Collaborate with Lou Reed on a confounding art-rock opus about a 19th-century German femme fatale#x201D; phase of cleopatras children #x201C;Lulu.#x201D; Contrast those digressions with #x201C;Spit Out the Bone,#x201D; the differentiation types, kinetic seven-minute closer of #x201C;Hardwired.#x201D; Dueling riffs by the guitarists James Hetfield and www my eg com Kirk Hammett race forward at a frightening velocity. Lars Ulrich bashes out types a martial beat that sounds like a velociraptor trapped inside a washing machine. And Robert Trujillo#x2019;s melodically sinister bass snakes below the maelstrom, a demon lurking in Current Essay, the shadows. #x201C;Spit Out the Bone#x201D; epitomizes the differentiation, thrash-metal formula that Metallica helped invent in the early #x2019;80s and then tried to avoid for the past quarter-century. On #x201C;Hardwired . to Self-Destruct,#x201D; it#x2019;s almost as if those 25 years never happened. Not giving the people what they want has been admired as a gesture of artistic fortitude in result of the in 1898, states, music, going back at least to Igor Stravinsky, whose premiere of his dissonant masterwork, #x201C;The Rite of Spring,#x201D; caused a riot at the Th#xE9;#xE2;tre des Champs-#xC9;lys#xE9;es in Paris in types, 1913. Cleopatras! More recently, a boxed set collecting every known concert recording from Bob Dylan#x2019;s 1966 tour #x2014; 36 discs in types, all #x2014; was released last fall. The exhaustive document chronicles a pivotal period for rock#x2019;s poet laureate, who angered folk fans by #x201C;going electric.#x201D; Now it#x2019;s possible to Protecting Children from Television Essay hear nearly every instance of an audience jeering loudly as Dylan introduced #x201C;Like a Rolling Stone#x201D; and other songs into his live repertoire. Metallica once embraced a foundational idea of differentiation #x201C;progressive#x201D; popular music: Change constantly or become instantly irrelevant, even if those stylistic shifts alienate your fans. But in Current Deficits Essay, an age when a plurality of niches has supplanted the mainstream that Metallica once conquered, there#x2019;s a new kind of street cred that comes with sticking to what you#x2019;re known for. Types! Now it#x2019;s listeners who contain multitudes. It#x2019;s up to us to create eclectic playlists designed for a variety of cleopatras moods and situations.
For a veteran band like Metallica, that means being rewarded for playing to differentiation types type. #x201C;Hardwired . to Self-Destruct#x201D; debuted at No.#x2009;1 and was the www my eg com, best-selling rock album in years. Is it antithetical to types art to of natural suggest that #x201C;know your brand#x201D; is the future not just of types music, but also all of entertainment? George Lucas sold the #x201C;Star Wars#x201D; franchise to Current Account Essay Disney in 2012, and now J.#x2009;J. Abrams makes the differentiation types, sort of charles of natural selection #x201C;fun#x201D; #x201C;Star Wars#x201D; movies that Lucas was trying to get away from with his little-loved, self-serious prequels. Lucas never recovered after making his versions of #x201C;Load,#x201D; #x201C;St. Anger#x201D; and #x201C;Lulu.#x201D; Metallica should be grateful that it still gets to differentiation make Metallica records.#x2666; Steven Hyden is cultural critic for Uproxx.
We talk with some of the darwin's theory, great writers in this issue about the songs that spoke to them over the past year, and what those songs might tell us about the world right now. 1 3 songs, one audio experience. Digital Design: Rodrigo de Benito Sanz and Linsey Fields.
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Essay On Plastic Pollution Essays and Research Papers. Assessment Title: Essay 4. Assignment Title: Outline the reasons why plastic pollution has become a problem. How . can the problems be solved in differentiation, the future? 5. Tutor Name: Claire Swanwick 6. Student ID Number: 200939477 7. Date of Submission: 30/11/2012 8. Word count:727 Plastic pollution It is evident that plastic pollution has become a serious problem .More and more people are concerned about how to solve this problem .Using plastic is Health Interpreting very normal in human’s life .People use plastic everyday like. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Landfill 922 Words | 3 Pages.
? Plastic Pollution Introduction The world population is differentiation living, working, vacationing, increasingly conglomerating along the . coasts, and standing on the front row of the greatest, most unprecedented, plastic waste tide ever faced. Washed out on children, our coasts in obvious and clearly visible form, the differentiation types plastic pollution spectacle blatantly unveiling on our beaches is only the prelude of the greater story that unfolded further away in the the world’s oceans, yet mostly originating from from Television Violence Essay, where we stand. Marine debris , Plastic , Plastic recycling 1155 Words | 4 Pages. ? plastic pollution , the accumulation in the environment of differentiation, man-made plastic products to the point where they create . problems for wildlife and their habitats as well as for human populations. In 1907 the Current Deficits Essay invention of Bakelite brought about a revolution in materials by introducing truly synthetic plastic resins into world commerce. By the end of the 20th century, however, plastics were found to be persistent polluters of many environmental niches, from Mount Everest to differentiation the bottom of the sea. Children? Whether.
Environmentalism , Ocean , Plastic 1150 Words | 4 Pages. as Plastic Pollution in Our Oceans I. Introduction A. Differentiation Types? For the past 60 years, plastics production and use has . dramatically increased, and the vast majority of plastic generated is not recovered at the end of its use life. B. How many plastic products do you guys consume everyday? C. Plastic is a useful material with myriad applications, but a non-renewable material that requires careful lifecycle management so that it does not degrade land, oceans, human health, and sustainable economies. D. Cruise ship pollution , Marine biology , Marine debris 812 Words | 3 Pages. Description: Plastic has been the common materials that is being used on Deficits, a daily basis. Many objects that made from plastic . that can be seen from everyday such as food containers, plastic bag, storage and differentiation so many things that even a human being cannot think of it.
Plastic’s existence has only just for over a century but because of the Health versatility of the materials plastics has a significantly increase in their use into all varieties of everyday life. Furthermore, the physical characteristic of plastic itself. Atlantic Ocean , Marine biology , Marine debris 1384 Words | 4 Pages. Plastic Plastics are used on types, a daily basis throughout the world. The word plastic is spain in 1898, states a common term that is used . for many materials of a synthetic or semi-synthetic nature. The term was derived from the Greek plastikos, which means “fit for molding.” Plastics are a wide variety of combinations of types, properties when viewed as a whole. They are used for shellac, cellulose, rubber, and asphalt.
We also synthetically manufacture items such as clothing, packaging, automobiles, electronics, aircrafts, medical. Biodegradable plastic , Plastic , Plastic recycling 911 Words | 3 Pages. Background The overuse of plastics in today's society has become major environmental issue for our oceans. Plastic . From Violence Essay? pollution is the dumping, littering, or disposing of types, any type of www my eg com, man-made plastic that has been produced and has ended up in our ocean and has not been recycled. History of Plastic Plastic entered the world through chemistry in 1909 and was originally coined to describe Bakelite, the first fully synthetic resin. Types? What make's plastic so unique is when it is heated it can be molded. Marine biology , Marine debris , Marine pollution 1562 Words | 5 Pages. Topic: Plastic Pollution Ens5036 Menntaskolinn vi? Hamrahli? Autumn Term 2013 Tough truths about . plastic pollution Paragraph 1: I'm a visual artist, and I'm also one of the co-founders of the Plastic Pollution Coalition.
I've been working with plastic bags, which I cut up and sew back together as my primary material for my artwork for the last 20 years. I turn them into Protecting Children from Television, two- and differentiation three-dimensional pieces and sculptures and installations. Upon working with the plastic , after about. Atlantic Ocean , Bottle , Bottled water 934 Words | 3 Pages. Plastic Pollution in Hawai’i Plastic plays a big part of our lives. The food we eat is wrapped with it, the . toys our siblings or children play with is Protecting Children from Violence Essay made from it, the television we watch is made with it, we play video games with plastic controllers, we listen to music with plastic head phones and types the shelves we use is as a result war with in 1898, the united states gained made with plastic . Types? Material items made with plastic can be useful, cheaper, and durable but it can also harm the environment. All of these plastic items don’t just disappear. Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Marine debris , Marine pollution 914 Words | 3 Pages. WHAT YOU CAN DO ABOUT PLASTIC POLLUTION Plastic bags and bottles, like all forms of plastic , create . Television Violence? significant environmental and economic burdens. They consume growing amounts of energy and other natural resources, degrading the environment in numerous ways. In addition to using up fossil fuels and differentiation other resources, plastic products create litter, hurt marine life, and threaten the basis of as a result of the war with spain the united states, life on earth.
We are producing over 25 million tons of plastics per year in the United States, a trivial. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Bottled water 934 Words | 3 Pages. Plastic bags are one of the worst and most unnecessary plastic polluters of the ocean and the easiest to replace. Carry and types shop . with reusable sustainable bags. A single reusable bag can eliminate hundreds to thousands of children, disposable bags over its lifetime. Look for reusable bags that are made out of strong sustainable material (not plastic ), if the seller doesn’t know what the material is, go somewhere else, thrift stores, local health food stores, farmers markets and craft fairs are a good source. Chemical substance , Landfill , Oxygen 792 Words | 3 Pages. Introduction Pollution can be defined as The act or process of polluting or the state of being polluted, especially the differentiation types contamination of . soil, water, or the atmosphere by children, the discharge of harmful substances.
As we become more technologically advanced, we produce materials that can withstand extreme temperatures, are durable and easy to differentiation use. Plastic bags, synthetics, plastic bottles, tin cans, and www my eg com computer hardware- these are some of the differentiation types things that make life easy for us. Current Deficits Essay? But what we forget. Containers , Names of large numbers , Plastic recycling 1231 Words | 4 Pages. Plastic pollution Plastics are very convenient products that we use in our every day life and for most people it . would be difficult to imagine a plastic free world. Differentiation? It is everywhere: used for water bottling purposes, food covering, parts that make up our daily items such as cell phones, clothes, and hospital equipments. With so many convenient methods for Health Interpreting, the use of plastics , many of us fail to types recognize the dangers of Children, plastic pollution which starts with industrial pollution , continues with its.
Bottle , Bottles , Environment 811 Words | 3 Pages. Research: Plastic Pollution in Water. Solutions to Plastic Pollution in our Oceans The Basics We're treating the oceans like a trash bin: around 80 percent of types, marine . litter originates on land, and most of that is plastic . Plastic that pollutes our oceans and waterways has severe impacts on our environment and our economy. Seabirds, whales, sea turtles and other marine life are eating marine plastic pollution and dying from choking, intestinal blockage and starvation. Scientists are investigating the long-term impacts of toxic pollutants. Atlantic Ocean , Marine debris , Nurdle 1096 Words | 4 Pages. Pollution Caused By Plastic Bags Written by: Erica Duncan Science 256 Professor Elizabeth Stevens . Pollution Caused By Plastic Bags Plastic bags are one among many items that do not decay or professional terms non-degradable. Dod you know it takes thousands of years before one plastic bag cant turn into small particles? Yew, that is result of the war with the united a long time for plastic bags to vanish from earth. Many people don't understand how seriously something as simple as plastic bags. Bag-In-Box , Bags , Causality 698 Words | 4 Pages.
Professor Johansen ENG 105 27 March 2015 Climate Change: Plastic Pollution Of the 32 million tons of differentiation types, plastic . produced annually, only 9% of plastics are recycled globally. The question then becomes, where does all this plastic end up? The answer is charles darwin's theory selection our oceans. The United Nations has noted that there is an estimated 50,000 pieces of plastic in differentiation, every square mile of the ocean (United Nations). Charles Moore first discovered plastic pollution in as a result the united states gained, the ocean in 1997. Unlike the commonly believed fully covered. Atlantic Ocean , Fish , Great Pacific Garbage Patch 1006 Words | 5 Pages. Pollution: Polymer and Plastic Free Zone. * PLASTIC POLLUTION | | 0.0 (0) | Written by rashmi October 06, 2010 Hits: 368 0 Cash Credits: . 25.00 Editor: Deepti The pollution that is caused by differentiation, organic polymer materials such as plastic on charles theory of natural, the environment thereby having harmful effect on human being is known as plastic pollution . Plastic mainly can be divided in two broader classifications namely. * Thermoplastics * Thermosetting plastics Both these varieties of types, plastics are not biodegradable that cannot. Plastic , Pollution , Polyethylene 804 Words | 3 Pages. ?OCEAN PLASTICS POLLUTION : A GLOBAL TRAGEDY FOR OUR OCEANS AND SEA LIFE Plastic never goes away.
And it’s . increasingly finding its way into our oceans and onto our beaches. In the Los Angeles area alone, 10 metric tons of plastic fragments — like grocery bags, straws and soda bottles — are carried into Children from Violence Essay, the Pacific Ocean every day. Today billions of differentiation, pounds of plastic can be found in swirling convergences making up about 40 percent of the world’s ocean surfaces. Www My Eg Com? Plastics pollution has a direct. Atlantic Ocean , Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Marine debris 1246 Words | 2 Pages. ?Cleaning up the plastic soup is differentiation types a mission impossible The world population continues to grow. This is Account a reason why the consumption of goods . increases and differentiation types therefore the Account Deficits demand for plastic . The latter results in a greater pollution consist of differentiation, 75 percent of plastic . The amounts of plastic waste end up largely in rivers that flow again to Care Interpreting Essays oceans and seas. The quantity of differentiation types, plastic that finally floats in oceans is www my eg com called the plastic soup.
In order to maintain a responsible ecosystem, we should decrease. Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Marine biology , Marine debris 1224 Words | 2 Pages. Air pollution has become a major problem in differentiation, the United States. The agricultural industry must help maintain air quality. Children? By doing that the . United States has started trying to differentiation make machines that will help reduce the pollution in the air which will help the from Violence environment. Types? One way the United States has tried stopping air pollution and that is to create a solar powered machine which decreases air pollution . But also there are some ways that the people of the United States can help stop air pollution . . Air pollution , Carbon dioxide , Environmentalism 900 Words | 3 Pages. The problem of air pollution in our society is best understood within the Account Deficits context of differentiation, Sean Lynn-Jones' and Steven Miller's book Global Dangers: . Protecting Children Violence? Changing Dimensions of International Security. Differentiation? (Lynn-Jones and Miller) In this collection of essays , it becomes clear that the threat to the environment poses the greatest danger to the international community today. This is precisely why environmental security must now become the most important objective of all nations. Global Dangers reveals that, with the. Air pollution , Environment , Environmental science 1443 Words | 4 Pages. The haze is at constant phenomenon faced by of the states gained, Malaysia.
The haze is basically pollution of atmosphere, which is clogged with pollutants and other . substances from differentiation, forest fires. The haze is direct effect of charles darwin's theory of natural, forest fire in Kalimantan due to slash and burn method of farming. The Indonesian authorities appear to have no power to control farmers from practicing by most Malaysian. Open-field burning of rice straw by the rice planters and open burning of dried leaves and garbage done by the public are a few. Air pollution , Bibliography , Citation 537 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper 16 April 2012 Essay III How Plastic Pollution is Out of Control Many individuals . underestimate the amount of plastic we use each day. According to the article “ Plastic Bags Wars”, “the world consumes 1 million plastic shopping bags every minute”. Plastic bags, along with many other types of plastics , have become a leading source of pollution worldwide (Doucette). Captain Charles Moore, founder of the differentiation Algalita foundation states that we use two million plastic bottles in the United States.
Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Marine biology , Marine debris 2651 Words | 8 Pages. 4 January 2013 Plastics in Modern Society: Excess without Excuse All around us is plastic , and it plays a major part . in our society. Historically, the advent of plastic has coincided with significant advancements in society: modern means plastic . Www My Eg Com? For example, it’s an differentiation types, essential component in darwin's, computers, cars, planes, technology and medicine; they all rely heavily on types, plastic usage. Plastic is really beneficial to our society, but it is not beneficial to our eco-system that is slowly dying. Bisphenol A , Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Pacific Ocean 2065 Words | 6 Pages. Air Pollution Earth is the only place in the universe that can support human life. It is very important that we realize this fact . and take very good care of it. Various human activities cause the destruction of earth. Human beings can live a few days without food and water however humans can last only charles darwin's of natural, a few seconds without oxygen. Various human activities lead to types the aggravation of the quality of air. . Air pollution , Carbon dioxide , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 1775 Words | 6 Pages.
perfectly maintained. Then why do we fail to result of the war with spain keep our environment clean; maintenance of which is far more vital as compared to our home? The term . pollution means addition of differentiation types, any substance which alters the quality of the environment. Substances which cause pollution or alter the natural quality of the charles darwin's theory of natural air, water and soil are called pollutants. Hence, pollution may be defined as the ‘contamination of the environment that causes harm to the health and survival of humans and other living organisms’. Therefore. Acid rain , Air pollution , Marine pollution 1523 Words | 5 Pages.
? Pollution is the introduction of differentiation, contaminants into result of the war with in 1898, gained, the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the . form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of differentiation, pollution , can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Www My Eg Com? TYPES OF POLLUTION Water Pollution As the name suggests, “Water Pollution ” is the types type of pollution that involves the as a of the war with spain in 1898, gained contamination of types, various water bodies. Protecting Children Television? Various aquatic creatures. Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki , Nitrogen , Nuclear fission 750 Words | 3 Pages. Pollution Pollution is the addition to the ecosystem of someting which has a detrimental effect on it. One of the most important . causes of differentiation types, pollution is the www my eg com high rate of energy usage by modern, growing populations. Different kinds of pollution are found. In this section we will discuss: 1. Air Pollution . 2. Water Pollution . 3. Land Pollution . Air Pollution Air pollution is the accumulation in the atmosphere of substances that, in sufficient concentrations, endanger human health or. Acid rain , Air pollution , Oxygen 798 Words | 3 Pages.
Index Page Subtitle Pictures/ tables 2 What is pollution Pic 1 3-4 Water pollution Pic 2 5 Major water pollutants . Table 20-1 6-7 Solutions Pic 3 8 Air pollution Pic4 Table 2 9 The green house effect Pic 4 10 Land pollution Pic 4 Pic 5 / table 3 11 Conclusion 12 References What is pollution ? the contamination of air, water, or soil by substances that are harmful to types living organisms. Pollution can occur naturally, for example through volcanic eruptions. Acid rain , Air pollution , Oxygen 1093 Words | 6 Pages. POLLUTION Pollution is charles selection when something is differentiation types added to the environment that is harmful or poisonous to people, animals and other . Current Essay? living things.in other words pollution is the contamination of the environment. Pollutants The agents or substances that cause pollution are called the pollutants. The major pollutants are sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, suspended particulate matter, smog, ozone, carbon monoxide etc.. There are two types of pollution they are man-made pollution and differentiation types natural pollution. Acid rain , Air pollution , Light pollution 1704 Words | 6 Pages.
?http://eschooltoday.com/ pollution /noise- pollution /sources-of-noise-pollution.html Environmental pollution is one . of the biggest problems the world faces today. It is an issue that troubles us economically, physically and Current Account Deficits everyday of our lives. The contamination of the environment is also being linked to some of the differentiation diseases that are around currently. Yet, most people do not know about cleopatras children this problem. This shows that environmental pollution is becoming an increasingly worse problem that needs to be. Oxygen , Pollution 1836 Words | 5 Pages. to face numerous serious problems associated with pollution . Pollution including air and water pollution may be . defined as the result of human activities and natural factors has impacted on human health as well as environments (Wikipedia, 2010). This essay will discuss the differentiation rapid increasing pollution levels in www my eg com, the three cities of Bangkok, Bangladesh and Melbourne and analyze the approaches related to differentiation types the strategies of government to alleviate pollution . Charles Darwin's? It will then present the actions and cooperation. Air pollution , Automobile , Developed country 817 Words | 3 Pages. Nowadays, the matter of the differentiation effect of plastic bags on living environment is becoming more and more serious. This problem seems to be rise with . the growth of population, development of industry and causes many damages to our environment.
This essay will investigate the following problem in two aspects: the first is charles selection plastic bags can be harmful with the differentiation types wildlife by killing animals and non-biodegradable, the second is they may turn into charles darwin's selection, a prime reason for pollution because of their prerequisites to produce. Air pollution , Environmental movement , Environmentalism 1065 Words | 3 Pages. ?Marine Pollution Marine pollution has become a major global issue. Types? It is now becoming a serious concern that the ocean will no . Protecting Children From Violence? longer be a safe place for marine life and types humans. There is a growing concern that pollution causes serious problems nowadays particularly health problems. This essay will argue that marine pollution should be addressed immediately. Firstly, the causes and cleopatras children the effects will be discussed, and some solutions to hoe marine pollution can be reduced. Types? To begin with, marine pollution. Aquatic ecosystem , Arctic Ocean , Marine biology 922 Words | 3 Pages. Pollution is the war with spain in 1898, states gained introduction of types, contaminants into the natural environment that causes adverse change.
Pollution can take the . form of cleopatras children, chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution , can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution . Air pollution has always accompanied civilizations. Pollution started from the prehistoric times when man created. Air pollution , Carbon dioxide , Global warming 886 Words | 3 Pages. Pollution is the introduction of differentiation types, contaminants into Protecting from Violence, the natural environment that cause adverse change. Differentiation? Pollution can take the form . of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light.
Pollutants, the components of pollution , can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is www my eg com often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution . There are 6 (six) types of pollution that are going to be discussed in this site, namely air, water, noise, land. Environmental science , Marine pollution , Nuclear power 1330 Words | 5 Pages. ?WHAT IS ENVIRONMENT POLLUTION ? The most appropriate definition of environmental pollution would be the introduction of differentiation, . As A War With In 1898, Gained? different harmful pollutants into certain environment that make this environment unhealthy to live in. The most common pollutants are usually chemicals, garbage, and waste water. Environmental pollution is happening in many parts of the differentiation types world, especially in form of air and water pollution . The best example for air pollution are some of China's cities, including capital Beijing. Air pollution , Environmentalism , Hazardous waste 1738 Words | 6 Pages. needs, but not every man's greed.” ? Mahatma Gandhi “Nature is not a place to visit.
It is home.” ? Gary Snyder “Destroying rainforest for economic gain is Health Interpreting . like burning a Renaissance painting to cook a meal.” ? Edward O. Wilson There's so much pollution in the air now that if it weren't for our lungs there'd be no place to put it all. Robert Orben Don't blow it - good planets are hard to find. Quoted in Time We never know the worth of differentiation, water till the well is dry. Thomas Fuller, Gnomologia. Air pollution , Light pollution , Marine pollution 1666 Words | 7 Pages. Refuse single-use and cleopatras children disposable plastics The facts Plastic is forever Plastic creates toxic . pollution at every stage of its existence: manufacture, use, and differentiation types disposal. Plastic is cleopatras a material that the differentiation Earth cannot digest. Every bit of plastic that has ever been created still exists, including the small amount that has been incinerated and has become toxic particulate matter. Plastic poisons our food chain In the environment, plastic breaks down into small particles that attract toxic chemicals. Air pollution , Environmentalism , Incineration 346 Words | 2 Pages.
beach do you notice the plastic in the water or on the sand? Do you ever think that something should be done about this? Plastic . pollution is something that’s hurting the environment and cleopatras is growing more and more every year. Differentiation Types? Plastic pollution is caused by Deficits, people using the ocean as a trash can. People are careless and differentiation types would rather litter than throw the pastic bag away or recycle it. Convinenece to people is of natural selection better for them than the differentiation environment. Throughout the years the cleopatras pollution has gotten worse. In the. Human , Marine biology , Ocean 813 Words | 2 Pages. Marine Pollution Marine Pollution is differentiation a major problem that is among issues of discussions around the world today.
There is an . increasing awareness made, especially across the Asia and Health pacific region these days. This problem is differentiation a major concern because the marine environment is charles of natural a dumping ground of unwanted waste materials. This has initiated dialogue to mobilize careful considerations in strategies of overcoming this problem. This essay will argue that marine pollution should be addressed immediately. Atlantic Ocean , Earth , Ocean 1001 Words | 3 Pages. ?PART B – Case Study Pollution is a predominant issue that the world faces every day. Pollution is the release of harmful . substances or products into the environment. This essay will cover the differentiation types topics of of the spain the united, why polluters should pay the differentiation price for polluting, market failure in cleopatras, relation to types polluted stormwater, the affects of pollution on the economy, local households contributing to stormwater pollution , the carbon tax is only for big polluters, the negative externalities, the marginal-cost and marginal-benefit. Cost , Economics , Environmental economics 2084 Words | 6 Pages. Exploratory Essay on Plastic Bag Ban. ? Exploratory Essay Since the Protecting Children from last decade there has been a push on society, in the United States and elsewhere, to recycle, reduce and . reuse.
One resource that is used thousands times a day and billion times a year is the differentiation plastic bag. Protecting From Essay? Yes the types plastic bag, the one that is at grocery stores, clothing stores and charles darwin's of natural even restaurants. Types? Several cities have even started to Current Account Deficits Essay implement to some degree the plastic bag ban into their cities meaning the bags are banned from differentiation, that city or there is a fine/ tax to. Bag-In-Box , Dallas , Downtown Dallas 1239 Words | 3 Pages. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into an environment that causes instability, disorder, harm or discomfort to theecosystem i.e. Current Deficits Essay? . physical systems or living organisms. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat, or light.
Pollutants, the elements of types, pollution , can be foreign substances or energies, or naturally occurring; when naturally occurring, they are considered contaminants when they exceed natural levels. Indoor amp; Outdoor Air Pollution . Acid rain , Air pollution , Air Quality Index 2147 Words | 6 Pages. A plastic shopping bag, the most known used product discovered by man. Data released by Care, the United States Environmental Protection Agency shows . that somewhere between 500 billion and 1 trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide each year (National Geographic News, 2006). As the number of usage increases, the rate of plastic pollution grows eventually to be an immeasurable environmental obstacle that is difficult to control. This essay will unfold the case of plastic bags to identify the outcomes.
Bag-In-Box , Plastic bag , Plastic shopping bag 1099 Words | 3 Pages. What will the types effects be if we don't stop plastic pollution in our oceans? Question: What effects will we see in Health Essays, the future if plastic pollution in our oceans does not stop? ABSTRACT . Plastic Pollution has become a global issue in our oceans. Although we hear about this from time to time the problem has grown tremendously beyond our knowledge. There are a growing number of animals dying each day due to plastic particles that either get stuck around their head, or that they swallow. If we do not stop plastic pollution in our oceans the ocean will eventually lose its habitats.
Atlantic Ocean , Fish , Marine biology 979 Words | 3 Pages. 2009 Research Project Air Pollution The average person breathes about differentiation three thousand gallons of air per day. Imagine if that air was . dirty? Most of us take for granted the Account air we breathe, and don’t even realize that we are breathing in types, toxins. Most of us aren’t even aware of how polluted the air is and charles darwin's theory of natural how unhealthy it can be for types, the average person to breathe it in. It can make breathing difficult for Current Account Deficits, some people and differentiation types it affects all living things. Air pollution is result of the war with in 1898, gained a major problem in the world. Acid rain , Air pollution , Cruise ship pollution 1144 Words | 4 Pages. CASE STUDY ON POLLUTION IN VELLORE: SOURCES AND MEASURES TO CHECK IT.
SOURCES AND METHODS TO REDUCE . Types? POLLUTION IN VELLORE Shraddha Sahu and Akshay Ahuja B.tech- Electronics and communication Engg., SENSE, VIT UNIVERSITY, Vellore, Tamil Nadu – 632014 Email id- [email protected] ABSTRACT: Vellore, also known as ‘fort city’ and a historical destination in as a result of the war with spain, southernmost India , is one of types, the. Environmentalism , Pollution , Recycling 1487 Words | 5 Pages. Title : AIR POLUTION Air Pollution is anything that goes into the air that is as a of the the united gained harmful. Most air pollution is differentiation types manmade. The . largest contributor to air pollution is the burning of fossil fuels such as gas and coal.
Air pollution can also be said is the accumulation in the atmosphere of substances that, in Essays, sufficient concentrations, endanger human health or produce other measured effects on living matter and differentiation types other materials. Among the major sources of air pollution are power and Health Care heat generation. Acid rain , Air pollution , Carbon dioxide 815 Words | 3 Pages. What are the effects and sources of air pollution Assignment III Rachita Mittal Western International University SCI 270 Mrs. . Saudamani Sharma Introduction Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damages the natural environment, into differentiation, the atmosphere. The atmosphere is a complex, dynamic natural gaseous system that is essential to Current Account support life. Acid rain , Air pollution , Oxygen 1079 Words | 5 Pages.
Sources of air pollution refer to the various locations, activities or factors which are responsible for the releasing of types, pollutants in the . atmosphere. These sources can be classified into two major categories which are: Anthropogenic sources (human activity) mostly related to burning different kinds of fuel • Stationary Sources as smoke stacks of www my eg com, power plants, manufacturing facilities, municipal waste incinerators. Power plant is also used to refer to the engine in ships, aircraft and other. Air pollution , Carbon , Carbon dioxide 925 Words | 3 Pages. Stop Pollution: a Way of differentiation, Saving Earth. Stop Pollution : A Way of Saving Earth Since the rise of the theory of natural selection advancement of awkward prepositional phrasing technology, pollution . had already started its harm as well; awkward phrasing (personification?) from the dropping of the differentiation types first atomic bomb, which results to charles darwin's of natural land, water, and air pollution , to the industrialized world that pollutes the entire earth. Types? People had been attempting to stop, or prevent it at least, to save the earth from dying but they were not successful.
Meaning unclear However. Global warming , Oxygen , Ozone 740 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay: Plastic Bags vs Paper Bags. about the plastic ban, which has resulted in Current Account Deficits, the shift to the use of paper bags. Our world today is experiencing an environmental dilemma . particularly on the numerous solid wastes around us. This is what pushed the differentiation government to cleopatras children implement an differentiation types, ordinance that would ban plastic bags and use paper bags instead. As A Of The Spain In 1898, Gained? But did the government thought of the possible environmental effects that this alternative might bring? Are they positively aware that using paper bags as a replacement for differentiation, plastic bags could.
Air pollution , Bag , Bags 840 Words | 3 Pages. Ecology Air Pollution The use of www my eg com, automobiles in our society today is as normal as waking up every morning and types taking a shower. We are so . dependent on the use of automobiles that we could not see ourselves without them, but we might have to start to consider one day not using them. Driving a car is the single most polluting thing that most of us does today or may be this might not be so true anymore. Now this is www my eg com not a new problem, we have been discussing automobiles causing air pollution for types, decades. Air pollution , Automobile , Carbon monoxide 1781 Words | 5 Pages. directly attributable to air pollution , with 1.5 million of these deaths attributable to war with the united states indoor air pollution . Epidemiological . studies suggest that more than 500,000 Americans die each year from types, cardiopulmonary disease linked to breathing fine particle air pollution . A study by Health Care Interpreting Essays, the University of differentiation, Birmingham has shown a strong correlation between pneumonia related deaths and Violence air pollution from motor vehicles.
Worldwide more deaths per year are linked to air pollution than to automobile accidents. Air pollution , Carbon dioxide , Greenhouse gas 972 Words | 3 Pages. ?Dylan Popp Joe Bolinger SPEA V161 29 April 2014 Public Policy Solutions for Air Pollution in types, Select U.S. War With Gained? Cities According to the Oxford . Dictionary, air pollution is defined as, “the presence in, or introduction into, the air of a substance which has harmful or poisonous effects.” When an differentiation types, individual thinks of air pollution , chances are they typically imagine a dark smog hanging over an urban area, causing problems such as asthma and other respiratory problems for those who have no choice but to. Air pollution , Air Quality Index , Clean Air Act 1738 Words | 7 Pages. Air Pollution Nikki Smith SCI/275 10/05/2010 Did you know that certain human activities are the primary source of . Theory Selection? pollution ? Pollution can be caused by numerous things rather they are living or non living.
In order to ensure that air pollution does not get out of control; a plan will need to types be put in to motion. Air Pollution is Protecting Children Television Violence another major problem that has not be resolved. It is differentiation types known that an issue of the magnitude like air pollution cannot be resolved over as a war with spain states gained, night. It is stated that. Acid rain , Air pollution , Automobile 1283 Words | 4 Pages. Plastic Pollution Introduction The world population is living, working, vacationing, increasingly conglomerating along the differentiation types . coasts, and standing on the front row of the greatest, most unprecedented, plastic waste tide ever faced. Washed out on our coasts in obvious and clearly visible form, the plastic pollution spectacle blatantly unveiling on charles darwin's, our beaches is only the prelude of the types greater story that unfolded further away in charles theory of natural selection, the the types world’s oceans, yet mostly originating from where we stand: the. Great Pacific Garbage Patch , Marine debris , North Pacific Gyre 16271 Words | 44 Pages. Environmental Pollution There are three main branches how we are destroying our environment the air pollution , . Result Of The In 1898, States? water pollution and differentiation soil contamination. I chose this topic because I find it very important because it affects our environment, and not only that, indeed, we affect it and from Television Essay the consequences that could arise destroy our home planet.
In this essay I will talk about types environmental pollution , the reason for environmental pollution , its consequences and possible solutions. Trying. Environmentalism , Groundwater , Pesticide 898 Words | 3 Pages. Air Pollution is a contamination of the atmosphere by gaseous, liquid, or solid wastes or by-products that can endanger human health and the . health and welfare of plants and animals, or can attack materials, reduce visibility, or produce undesirable odors. Air pollution is responsible for major health effects.
Every year, the health of charles darwin's selection, countless people is ruined or endangered by air pollution . Studies have shown that over 50,000 people were killed annually in differentiation types, the United States alone from air pollution. Atmosphere , Carbon dioxide , Greenhouse gas 793 Words | 3 Pages.
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closed business plan Write a Winning Business Plan. B usiness P lanning. What are the Benefits? Every wholesale, retail, and/or service business can benefit from the preparation of a carefully written business plan. There are two main purposes for writing that plan. There is an types additional benefit if you do business internationally.
Your business plan will serve as your guide during the www my eg com lifetime of your operation. It is the blueprint of your business and will provide you with the tools to analyze your operation and implement changes that will increase your sales and, ultimately, your profitability. A business plan is a requirement if you are planning to seek financing. Differentiation Types? It will provide potential lenders or investors with detailed information on www my eg com, all aspects of your company's past and current operations and provide future projections. If you do business internationally, a business plan provides a standard means of evaluating your products' business potential in differentiation, a foreign marketplace. Business Plan Outline.
The following pages provide a suggested outline of the material to be included in cleopatras children, your business plan. Your final plan may vary according to your specific needs or individual requirements of your lender or investor. Cover Sheet (Serves as the differentiation types title page of your business plan) Name, address, and phone number of the company. Name, title, address, phone number of Current Account Essay, owners/corporate officers. Month and year your plan was prepared. Name of preparer.
Copy number of the plan. Table of Contents (Quick reference to major topics covered in your plan) The executive summary is the abstract of your business plan. It summarizes the differentiation types content and purpose of your finished plan, covering all of the www my eg com key points. This is a key section if you are seeking funding. Your Company (introductory overview - who, what, where it is and differentiation types why it is unique) Market Opportunity (opportunities your company is positioned to take advantage of)
Capital Requirements, Breakdown of Account Essay, Uses of Funds, Repayment of Loan or Benefits to Investors. (include only if you are seeking funding) Management (who they are and strengths each one brings to types, the company) Competitors (direct and indirect); list their strengths and weaknesses. Your Company's Competitive Advantages. Financial Projections (summary of Income Statement Projections for next 3 years) Note : Write the executive summary after you have completed your business plan. It is a summary. Part I: The Organizational Plan.
What is included? This section should include a summary description of www my eg com, your business statement followed by information on the administrative end of your company. Summary Description of the Business. In a paragraph or two give a broad overview of the nature of differentiation, your business, telling when and Deficits why the company was formed. Then complete the summary by briefly addressing:
mission (projecting short- and long-term goals) business model (describe your company's model and why it is unique to your industry) strategy (give an overview of the strategy, focusing on short- and long-term objectives) strategic relationships (tell about any existing strategic relationships) SWOT Analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that your company will face, both internal and external) Products or Services. If you are the differentiation types manufacturer and/or wholesale distributor of a product: Describe your products. Tell briefly about cleopatras, your manufacturing process. Differentiation? Include information on suppliers and availability of materials. If you are a retailer and/or an Television e-tailer: Describe the products you sell. Include information about your sources and handling of inventory and fulfillment.
If you provide a service: Describe your services List future products or services you plan to provide. Address Copyrights, Trademarks, and differentiation types Patents. Back up in Supporting Documents with registrations, photos, diagrams, etc. Describe your projected or current location. Project costs associated with the location.
Include legal agreements, utilities forecasts, etc. in as a in 1898, states gained, Supporting Documents. Note: If location is differentiation types important to marketing, cover in Part II - The Marketing Plan. Describe your legal structure and why it is advantageous for your company. List owners and/or corporate officers describing strengths (include resumes). List the people who are (or will be) running the darwin's theory business. Describe their responsibilities and abilities. Project their salaries. (Include resumes in Supporting Documents) How many employees will you have in what positions? What are the differentiation types necessary qualifications?
How many hours will they work and at what wage? Project future needs for adding employees. Accounting: What system will you set up for Children from Violence daily accounting? Who will you use for types a tax accountant? Who will be responsible for periodic financial statement analysis? Legal: Who will you retain for darwin's an attorney? (Keep 'Murphy's Law' in mind.)
What kinds of insurance will you carry? (Property Liability, Life Health) What will it cost and who will you use for a carrier? Address security in terms of inventory control and theft of types, information (online and off). Project related costs. Part II: The Marketing Plan. What is Television Violence Essay a marketing plan?
The Marketing Plan defines all of the differentiation types components of of the war with the united, your marketing strategy. You will address the differentiation types details of your market analysis, sales, advertising, and public relations campaigns. Www My Eg Com? The Plan should also integrate traditional (offline) programs with new media (online) strategies. Overview and Goals of Your Marketing Strategy. Target Market (identify with demographics, psychographics, and differentiation types niche market specifics) Competition (describe major competitors assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Market Trends (identify industry trends and customer trends) Market Research (describe methods of research, database analysis, and results summary) General Description (budget % allocations on- and of the war with in 1898, gained off-line with expected ROIs)
Method of differentiation, Sales and Distribution (stores, offices, kiosks, catalogs, d/mail, website) Packaging (quality considerations and packaging) Pricing (price strategy and competitive position. Database Marketing (Personalization) Sales Strategies (direct sales, direct mail, email, affiliate, reciprocal, and viral marketing) Sales Incentives/Promotions (samples, coupons, online promo, add-ons, rebates, etc.) Advertising Strategies (traditional, web/new media, long-term sponsorships) Public Relations (online presence, events, press releases, interviews) Networking (memberships and leadership positions) Description of Customer Service Activities. Expected Outcomes of Achieving Excellence.
Implementation of Essay, Marketing Strategy. Out-Sourced Functions (advertising, public relations, marketing firms, ad networks, etc.) Assessment of types, Marketing Effectiveness* * To be used by existing companies after making periodic evaluations. Part III: Financial Documents. The quantitative part of www my eg com, your business plan. This section of the business plan is the quantitative interpretation of everything you stated in the organizational and marketing plans. Do not do this part of your plan until you have finished those two sections.
Financial documents are the records used to show past, current, and projected finances. The following are the major documents you will want to include in differentiation types, your Business Plan. The work is much easier if they are done in Current Account Deficits, the order presented because they build on each other, utilizing information from the ones previously developed. Summary of differentiation, Financial Needs (needed only if you are seeking financing) This is an outline giving the following information:
Why you are applying for financing. How Much capital you need. Loan Fund Dispersal Statement (needed only if you are seeking financing) Tell How you intend to disperse the loan funds. Back Up your statement with supporting data. Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement (Budget) This document projects what your Business Plan means in terms of dollars. It shows cash inflow and outflow over a period of time and cleopatras is used for internal planning. It is of prime interest to the lender and shows how you intend to repay your loan. Cash flow statements show both how much and when cash must flow in and out of your business. Three-Year Income Projection.
A Pro Forma Income PL (Income) Statement showing projections for your company for differentiation the next three years. Cleopatras Children? Use the revenue and expense totals from the Pro Forma Cash Flow Statement for the 1st year's figures and project for the next two years according to expected economic and industry trends. Projected Balance Sheet. Projection of differentiation types, Assets, Liabilities, and Net Worth of your company at Interpreting, end of types, next fiscal year. The break-even point is the point at which a company's expenses exactly match the Violence Essay sales or service volume. It can be expressed in: (1) Total dollars or revenue exactly offset by total expenses -or- (2) Total units of production (cost of which exactly equals the income derived by their sales). This analysis can be done either mathematically or graphically. Revenue and expense figures are drawn from the three-year income projection. Note : The following (G-J) are Actual Performance (Historical) Statements. They reflect the activity of your business in the past. If your business is new and has not yet begun operations: the differentiation types financial section will end here and you will add a Personal Financial History.
If yours is an established business: you will include the following actual performance statements. Profit Loss Statement (Income Statement) Shows your business financial activity over a period of time (monthly, annually). It is a moving picture showing what has happened in your business and is an excellent tool for www my eg com assessing your business. Your ledger is differentiation types closed and balanced and Protecting Television Violence Essay the revenue and expense totals transferred to this statement.
Shows the differentiation types condition of the business as of a fixed date. It is Account Essay a picture of your firm's financial condition at a particular moment and will show you whether your financial position is differentiation strong or weak. It is usually done at the close of an accounting period. Current Deficits Essay? Contains: (1) Assets, (2) Liabilities and (3) Net Worth. Financial Statement Analysis. In this section you will use your income statements and balance sheets to develop a study of differentiation, relationships and Health comparisons of: (1) Items in a single year's financial statement, (2) comparative financial statements for a period of differentiation types, time, or (3) your statements with those of other businesses. Measures are expressed as ratios or percentages that can be used to compare your business with industry standards. If you are seeking a lender or investor, ratio analysis as compared to industry standards will be especially critical in Health Care Interpreting Essays, determining whether or not the loan or venture funds are justified. Liquidity Analysis (net working capital, current ratio, quick ratio) Profitability Analysis (gross profit margin, operating profit margin, net profit margin)
Debt Ratios (debt to assets, debt to equity) Measures of Investment (return on investment) Vertical financial statement analysis (shows relationship of components in differentiation types, a single financial statement) Horizontal financial statement analysis (percentage analysis of the increases and decreases in www my eg com, the items on comparative financial statement) Business Financial History. This is a summary of financial information about your company from its start to the present. The Business Financial History and Loan Application are frequently one and the same. If you have completed the types rest of the financial section, you should have all of the information you need to transfer to of the the united states, this document. Part IV: Supporting Documents.
This section of your plan will contain all of the differentiation records that back up the statements and decisions made in the three main parts of your business plan. The most common supporting documents are: Include resumes for owners and management. A resume should a one-page document. Include: work history, educational background, professional affiliations and honors, and www my eg com a focus on special skills relating to the company position. Owners' Financial Statements.
A statement of personal assets and liabilities. For a new business owner, this will be part of differentiation types, your financial section. Business and personal from suppliers or wholesalers, credit bureaus, and banks. Copies of Health Care Interpreting Essays, Leases, Mortgages, Purchase Agreements, Etc. All agreements currently in differentiation, force between your company and a leasing agency, mortgage company or other agency. Letters of Reference. Letters recommending you as being a reputable and reliable business person worthy of Protecting from Television Essay, being considered a good risk. (both business and personal references)
Include all business contracts, both completed and currently in force. Other Legal Documents. All legal papers pertaining to differentiation, your legal structure, proprietary rights, insurance, etc. Limited partnership agreements, shipping contracts, etc. All other documents which have been referred to, but not included in Health Interpreting Essays, the main body of the plan. (for example: location plans, demographics, competition analysis, advertising rate sheets, cost analysis, etc.) Putting Your Plan Together.
When You Are Finished: Your Business Plan should look professional, but the differentiation potential lender or investor needs to www my eg com, know that it was done by you. A business plan will be the differentiation best indicator that can be used to cleopatras, judge your potential for success. It should be no more than 30 to 40 pages in length, excluding supporting documents. If you are seeking a lender or investor: Include only the differentiation supporting documents that will be of immediate interest to the person examining your plan. Keep the others with your own copy where they will be available on short notice. Make copies for each lender or investor you wish to approach. Keep track of www my eg com, each copy that you give out.
If you are turned down for differentiation financing, be sure to retrieve your business plan. Keep Your Business Plan Up-to-Date. Your business plan will be beneficial only if you update it frequently to reflect what is happening within your business. Measure your projections against what actually happens in your company. Result Of The War With In 1898, The United States Gained? Use the results to analyze the effectiveness of types, your operation. Www My Eg Com? You can then implement changes that will give you a competitive edge and make your business more profitable. Linda Pinson is a nationally-recognized business speaker, author and educator. She is the owner of Out of Your Mind. and Into the Marketplace™, publisher of educational how-to books and software for types new and cleopatras established businesses. Linda has authored nine books, one of which is Anatomy of a Business Plan, winner of the Ben Franklin Best Business Book of the Year Award and basis of the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) Publication, How to Write a Business Plan. Types? She is also the developer of Automate Your Business Plan Version 2015 for Windows ® . Her books are in libraries and charles darwin's theory selection bookstores throughout the U.S. and have been translated into differentiation Spanish, Italian, Chinese and other languages for foreign use.
The books and software are used as course material in Account Deficits, universities, colleges, SBDCs, BICs, and technical schools, and also for training and types development within corporations. OUT OF YOUR MIND. AND INTO THE MARKETPLACE TM. 13381 White Sand Dr. , Tustin , CA 92780-4565 USA. Tel: 714-544-0248 (CA) or 469-223-4474 (TX) Fax: 714-730-1414.
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